The Jewish roots of Christianity

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Series: “The Miracle of Passover (2007)”
Zola explains the origin and significance of the Passover and demonstrates the feast. He also shows how Christ is revealed in the feast and proceeds to tell a “Christian Love Story.”
Episode: The Miracle of Passover (2007), Part 1
Zola explains the origin and significance of the Passover and demonstrates the feast. He also shows how Christ is revealed in the feast and proceeds to tell a "Christian Love Story."

Caption transcript for The Miracle of Passover (2007): Part 1 (1/2)

  • 00:18 PASSOVER, THE CROWN JEWEL OF BIBLICAL FEASTS,
  • 00:22 SACRED TO JEWS AND CHRISTIANS ALIKE.
  • 00:25 TAUGHT SINCE THE EXODUS 35 CENTURIES AGO
  • 00:29 AND REVERED IN THE LORD'S SUPPER, COMMUNION, THE EUCHARIST
  • 00:33 AND BY ALL PEOPLES WHO RESPECT THE FREEDOM OF NATIONS.
  • 00:37 HERE IS PASSOVER
  • 00:39 IN ALL ITS GLORY.
  • 00:47 A HEARTY SHALOM TO ALL OF YOU.
  • 00:49 JEFFREY SEIF HERE WITH MY FRIEND SANDRA LEVITT.
  • 00:52 SHALOM. WELCOME.
  • 00:53 WE'RE GONNA TALK ABOUT PASSOVER
  • 00:55 AND WE'RE GONNA DISCUSS
  • 00:56 THE BLESSINGS THAT PASSOVER BRINGS TO US
  • 00:58 IS OUR CHRISTIANITY AND OUR JEWISHNESS.
  • 01:00 YES, VERY FAMOUS STORY, "PASSOVER"
  • 01:02 AS IT'S THE CENTERPIECE OF OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY.
  • 01:05 AND IT SO WELL RELATES TO THE STORY OF JESUS.
  • 01:08 IT'S WONDERFUL!
  • 01:08 IT IS THE ESSENCE OF OUR CHRISTIANITY,
  • 01:10 THE SACRIFICE, THE BLOOD SACRIFICE OF THE LAMB
  • 01:13 FOR THE ISRAELITES AND FOR US AS BELIEVERS.
  • 01:15 WHEN ZOLA WAS 4 MONTHS OLD HE PARTICIPATED IN HIS FIRST PASSOVER.
  • 01:19 32 YEARS LATER HE UNDERSTOOD THE FULL MEANING OF PASSOVER.
  • 01:25 HERE'S ZOLA AND PASSOVER.
  • 01:27 THE TABLE BESIDE ME HAS BEEN SET THIS WAY FOR 3500 YEARS.
  • 01:32 THAT'S ON A SCALE WHERE
  • 01:33 OUR COUNTRY IS A LITTLE OVER
  • 01:35 200 HUNDRED YEARS OLD.
  • 01:36 PASSOVER IS FAR AND AWAY THE WORLD'S OLDEST FESTIVAL.
  • 01:39 IT'S THE FIRST OF THE FEASTS THAT GOD GAVE MOSES ON MOUNT SINAI
  • 01:43 AND IT HAS BEEN CELEBRATED ALL THAT TIME THROUGH THOSE MILLENNIA,
  • 01:47 THROUGH THE INQUISITIONS, THE CRUSADES, THE CONCENTRATION CAMPS,
  • 01:51 EVERYWHERE THE JEWS WERE, PASSOVER WAS ALWAYS CELEBRATED.
  • 01:56 IT'S INTERESTING WHEN WE LOOK BACK TO THE SLAVERY IN EGYPT
  • 01:59 BECAUSE THERE WAS 400 YEARS OF SILENCE DURING THAT SLAVERY
  • 02:03 AND IN THAT TIME GOD SAID NOTHING TO HIS PEOPLE
  • 02:07 BUT AT THE END OF IT THERE WAS A SUDDEN BLOOD SACRIFICE, THE LAMB OF EGYPT
  • 02:11 AND HE EMANCIPATED THE ENTIRE NATION IN A SINGLE NIGHT, A DRAMATIC EVENT.
  • 02:19 THEN SCRIPTURE CAME OUT, PROPHETS PREACHED AND KINGS RULED
  • 02:24 AND FINALLY THERE WAS 400 MORE YEARS OF SILENCE AFTER THE OLD TESTAMENT
  • 02:29 LEADING UP TO ANOTHER GREAT BLOOD SACRIFICE, THE COMING OF THE MESSIAH.
  • 02:35 THAT SHOULD REALLY HAVE BEEN A VERY GREAT HINT TO ISRAEL.
  • 02:38 WHEN JOHN THE BAPTIST SAW JESUS COMING HE SAID,
  • 02:40 "BEHOLD THE LAMB OF GOD WHICH TAKETH AWAY THE SINS OF THE WORLD".
  • 02:44 SO, AFTER ANOTHER 400 YEARS SILENCE, THE BLOOD SACRIFICE OF THE LAMB AGAIN.
  • 02:50 WHICHEVER TESTAMENT I READ, OLD OR NEW I CAN SAY,
  • 02:52 "THE BLOOD OF THE LAMB DELIVERS ME FROM BONDAGE".
  • 02:56 WELL, WHY DO WE DO THIS PASSOVER?
  • 02:59 WHY DO WE GO THROUGH THE WHOLE CEREMONY? WHY IS THIS WORTH KNOWING?
  • 03:02 FOR ONE THING, THE LORD DID THIS ON HIS LAST EARTHLY NIGHT.
  • 03:06 THERE'S A LOT OF THINGS YOU MIGHT DO TONIGHT
  • 03:09 IF YOU WERE GOING ON TRIAL FOR YOUR LIFE IN THE MORNING.
  • 03:11 THIS IS WHAT HE CHOSE TO DO. HE FELT THIS FEAST WAS VERY IMPORTANT.
  • 03:15 AND SECONDLY, HE SAID AT THE TABLE, "DO THIS IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME.";
  • 03:20 PARTICULARLY IN REFERENCE TO THE CUP AND THE BREAD THAT HE SERVED HIS DISCIPLES.
  • 03:25 AND SO WE STILL DO IN THE LORD'S SUPPER, IN COMMUNION, IN THE EUCHARIST,
  • 03:30 AND OF COURSE IN PASSOVER.
  • 03:31 UNKNOWINGLY THE JEWS TAKE THE WINE AND THE BREAD JUST THE SAME.
  • 03:35 SO THE LORD SAID TO DO IT AND WE DO IT BUT WE SHOULD ONCE IN A WHILE LOOK AT THE WHOLE FEAST
  • 03:41 AND SEE HOW THIS BREAD AND WINE COMES OUT OF THE NORMAL PROCEDURE OF THE FEAST.
  • 03:47 AND THEN, THE LORD, WHEN HE PUT DOWN HIS CUP SAID,
  • 03:50 "I'LL NOT DRINK OF THIS WINE UNTIL I DRINK IT NEW WITH YOU IN MY FATHER'S KINGDOM."
  • 03:55 THAT EXPRESSION, "THIS WINE" "Yayim", IT'S A SPECIAL GLASS OF WINE
  • 04:00 BECAUSE WINE FOR PASSOVER IS DIFFERENT THAN FOR THE YEAR ROUND.
  • 04:04 SO HE IMPLIED THAT WE WILL BE DOING PASSOVER IN THE KINGDOM TO COME.
  • 04:10 SO IF WE'RE GOING TO DO THIS FEAST
  • 04:12 WE MIGHT RUN THROUGH IT ONCE HERE AND WE'LL BE MORE READY.
  • 04:16 (Audience laughing)
  • 04:16 NOW WHEN WE PREPARE FOR THE KINGDOM WE HAVE A LOT OF FESTIVALS IN MIND
  • 04:23 BUT THIS ONE IS THE CROWN JEWEL.
  • 04:24 THIS WAS THE FIRST, IT'S ON THE FIRST FULL MOON OF SPRING,
  • 04:27 IT'S SOMETHING THAT IS GOING TO BE QUITE A THRILL WHEN WE GO THERE.
  • 04:31 BUT WE SHOULD KNOW WE CAN'T JUST SET UP A TABLE AND START INTO PASSOVER.
  • 04:35 THE GOSPEL SPEAKS OF A WHOLE DAY OF PREPARATION. SEVERAL THINGS HAVE TO BE DONE.
  • 04:41 FOR ONE THING, IN THE JEWISH HOUSEHOLD YOU HAVE TO CHANGE OVER ALL OF THE DISHES.
  • 04:46 YOU CAN'T USE YEAR ROUND DISHES ON PASSOVER.
  • 04:48 NOW, THE ORTHODOX JEWISH WOMAN, REALLY KEEPING THE LAW, HAS FOUR SETS OF DISHES GOING
  • 04:54 BECAUSE YOU HAVE TO SEPARATE MILK AND MEAT THE YEAR ROUND.
  • 04:58 A DISH THAT HELD A HAMBURGER CAN NEVER HOLD ICE CREAM IN ITS CAREER.
  • 05:02 ONE IS FOREVER MILK AND ONE IS FOREVER MEAT AND THAT IS THEIR TRADITION
  • 05:06 AND SO THERE ARE TWO SETS OF DISHES GOING ALL THE TIME.
  • 05:09 BUT THEN ON PASSOVER THEY'VE GOT TO WASH UP THOSE TWO SETS
  • 05:12 AND POTS AND PANS AND SILVER AND GLASSWARE AND EVERYTHING AND PUT IT ALL AWAY,
  • 05:17 LOCK IT UP FOR THE EIGHT DAY FESTIVAL AND BRING OUT THE PASSOVER SET UP.
  • 05:21 THAT'S TWO MORE SETS OF DISHES, AND POTS AND PANS AND GLASSWARE AND SILVER AND SO ON.
  • 05:26 AND ALL OF THAT OF COURSE HAS TO BE WASHED UP, IT HASN'T BEEN USED FOR A YEAR, AND SET OUT.
  • 05:31 SO IT'S A DAY OF DISHWASHING TO TELL YOU THE TRUTH.
  • 05:35 (Audience laughing).
  • 05:36 AND WHEN THE PASSOVER THINGS COME OUT IT'S THE MOST SPLENDID THINGS.
  • 05:39 EVERY WOMAN IS PROUD OF HER PASSOVER SET UP
  • 05:41 AND IT'S A CHANCE TO USE YOUR WEDDING PRESENTS AND THE THINGS YOU NEVER USE,
  • 05:46 THE FINEST STUFF THAT SHE HAS.
  • 05:48 THEN WHEN THE DISHES HAVE ALL BEEN CHANGED OVER WE PURGE THE LEAVEN OUT OF THE KITCHEN,
  • 05:55 WE GET THE BREAD CRUMBS AND THE COOKIE CRUMBS AND THE TWINKIE WRAPPERS
  • 05:58 AND EVERYTHING OUT OF THERE, CLEAN THE BREAD BOARD WITH A TOOTHPICK
  • 06:02 BECAUSE LEAVEN IN THE BIBLE IS SIN.
  • 06:06 I CORINTHIANS CHAPTER 5, VERSE 7, PAUL SAID,
  • 06:07 "PURGE OUT THE OLD LEAVEN AND BECOME A NEW LUMP FOR CHRIST OUR PASSOVER IS SACRIFICED FOR US."
  • 06:12 WHEN THEY ATE THE UNLEAVENED BREAD IN THE EXODUS IT WAS A WAY OF BEING DELIVERABLE.
  • 06:18 THEY ATE PURE BREAD AND THEY BECAME PURE. AND SO WE GET THE LEAVEN OUT OF THE HOUSE.
  • 06:24 THEY MAKE A GAME OUT OF IT, THEY PUT CRUMBS OF LEAVEN ON THE BOOKCASES AND THE FURNITURE
  • 06:29 AND THEY SEND THE LITTLE CHILDREN OUT TO LOOK FOR IT
  • 06:32 AND WHEN THEY FIND SOME OF THE CRUMBS OF LEAVEN THEY CALL FATHER
  • 06:35 AND HE COMES WITH A FEATHER AND A WOODEN SPOON
  • 06:37 AND HE BRUSHES SOME OF THE CRUMBS OF LEAVEN INTO THE SPOON WITH THE FEATHER,
  • 06:42 TAKES THEM TO THE FIREPLACE, THROWS THEM IN THE FIRE.
  • 06:44 AND SO THE LITTLE CHILDREN SEE THE JUDGMENT OF SINS, ALL THOSE LITTLE CRUMBS ARE LITTLE SINS
  • 06:49 AND THEY'RE ALL BURNED UP TO BE READY FOR PASSOVER.
  • 06:51 IT ALSO GETS THE FATHER AND THE CHILDREN OUT OF THE KITCHEN DURING ALL THIS DISHWASHING.
  • 06:57 (Audience laughing).
  • 06:59 THEN THE THIRD THING WE DO IS FATHER DONS THIS KITTEL,
  • 07:05 THIS ROBE, A WHITE ROBE
  • 07:07 WHICH IS THE ROBE OF THE ORDINARY PRIEST IN THE TABERNACLE,
  • 07:11 THE ROBE THAT HE WORE AS HE CONTINUED TO SACRIFICE.
  • 07:14 HIS HANDS WERE ALWAYS IN THE BLOOD SO HE COULD WEAR PURE WHITE.
  • 07:17 OTHERWISE ROBES HAVE TO BE SEWN WITH RED, BLUE, PURPLE, THE COLORS OF THE LORD.
  • 07:23 BUT PURE WHITE DENOTES ONGOING RIGHTEOUSNESS, PERFECT RIGHTEOUSNESS.
  • 07:28 THIS IS WHAT WE'LL WHERE WHEN MARRY THE LORD.
  • 07:32 REVELATION CHAPTER 19, VERSES 7 AND 8,
  • 07:33 "BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES TO THE MARRIAGE SUPPER OF THE LAMB."
  • 07:36 "THE WIFE OF CHRIST HATH MADE HERSELF READY"
  • 07:39 "AND UNTO HER WAS APPOINTED FINE LINEN,
  • 07:41 "CLEAN AND WHITE WHICH IS THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF SAINTS. SO BEHOLD YOUR WEDDING DRESS."
  • 07:47 WE'LL ALL WEAR THIS WHEN WE MARRY THE LORD.
  • 07:49 FATHER PUTS IT ON TO BRING SOME OF THE TEMPLE HOME.
  • 07:52 PASSOVER'S A HOME HOLIDAY, YOM KIPPUR, OR ROSH HASHANAH, THE HIGH FESTIVALS IN THE FALL
  • 07:59 ARE SYNAGOGUE HOLIDAYS, RATHER LIKE IN CHRISTIANITY;
  • 08:02 MAYBE WE THINK OF CHRISTMAS OR THANKSGIVING, THAT SORT OF HOLIDAY AS A HOME GATHERING.
  • 08:08 BUT EASTER IS THAT TIME YOU GET TO CHURCH
  • 08:11 AND YOU SEE THE PEOPLE YOU HAVEN'T SEEN SINCE THE LAST EASTER.
  • 08:14 THAT'S A CHURCH HOLIDAY.
  • 08:16 SO FATHER BRINGS A LITTLE OF HIS CHURCH HOME, SO TO SAY.
  • 08:19 HE BRINGS A TABERNACLE ROBE INTO THE HOUSE, AND A MITRE,
  • 08:22 AND WEARS THE COSTUME OF THE TABERNACLE.
  • 08:25 THIS IS A 35 CENTURY OLD COSTUME. IMAGINE.
  • 08:28 AND ALL ROBES OF ALL CHURCHES, ALL SYNAGOGUES ORIGINATE WITH THIS ONE.
  • 08:34 WELL, FINALLY IT'S TIME TO GET TO THE TABLE, IT'S SUNDOWN AND IT'S TIME TO START THE SERVICE
  • 08:41 AND WE START IT WITH THE LIGHTING OF THE CANDLES.
  • 08:44 NOW, YOU MAY ASK WHY A WOMAN ALWAYS LIGHTS THE CANDLES IN JUDAISM AND THAT'S TRUE.
  • 08:51 WOMEN HAVE NO OTHER RITUAL WORSHIP RESPONSIBILITY,
  • 08:53 THEY DON'T SIT WITH THE MEN IN THE SYNAGOGUES,
  • 08:55 THEY DON'T PRAY, THEY DON'T HAVE TO PRAY, THEY MAY PRAY
  • 08:58 BUT THEIR FATHER OR BROTHER OR SONS CONFESSIONS ARE EFFICACIOUS FOR THEM AND SO ON,
  • 09:03 BUT YOU CAN'T START ANY SERVICE, SABBATH OR PASSOVER WITHOUT A WOMAN LIGHTING THE CANDLES
  • 09:11 AND WE ASK WHY AND THE ANSWER OF COURSE IS IN THE NEW TESTAMENT.
  • 09:16 WHEN YOU HAVE AN OLD TESTAMENT QUESTION THE ANSWER IS IN THE NEW TYPICALLY.
  • 09:19 THE BIBLE IS A BOOK WITH THE ANSWERS IN THE BACK. (Audience laughing).
  • 09:24 WE CAN REMEMBER THAT A WOMAN BROUGHT US THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD.
  • 09:31 YOU MAY SAY, "WELL WE'RE ALL BORN OF A WOMAN. GOD USED A WOMAN TO BRING US HIS SON"
  • 09:39 "BUT AREN'T WE ALL BORN OF A WOMAN?"
  • 09:40 NOT REALLY. ADAM AND EVE WEREN'T BORN.
  • 09:43 GOD SHOWED THAT HE COULD MAKE PEOPLE OF EITHER MODEL,
  • 09:46 SET THEM GOING. THEY WERE ADULTS. THEY WERE NEVER BABIES.
  • 09:50 SO WHY DIDN'T HE DO IT WITH THE LORD?
  • 09:52 I MEAN, LOOK HOW THE LORD HAD TO GROW UP IN GALILEE AND VISITED THE TEMPLE,
  • 09:57 GOT IN TROUBLE WITH HIS FAMILY WHEN HE GOT LOST
  • 09:59 IN DISCUSSING THE SCRIPTURES IN THE TEMPLE WHEN HE WAS TWELVE YEARS OLD.
  • 10:03 THEN THERE'S A LONG SILENCE TILL HE'S THIRTY.
  • 10:04 YOU KNOW WE WOULDN'T HAVE MISSED MUCH IF HE WERE MADE IN HEAVEN OUT OF SOME HEAVENLY STUFF
  • 10:09 AND SENT DOWN HERE AT THIRTY YEARS OLD.
  • 10:11 BUT I DON'T THINK THAT WOULD HAVE ANSWERED HIS CALLING.
  • 10:15 HE HAS TO BE FLESH LIKE OUR FLESH IN ORDER TO BE A PROPER SACRIFICE FOR US.
  • 10:21 DON'T YOU SEE IF A PASTOR SAID "WALK IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF JESUS"
  • 10:26 AND HE WERE MADE IN HEAVEN OUT OF SOME HEAVENLY STUFF, THERE'S YOUR EXCUSE. YOU WOULD SAY,
  • 10:31 "WELL I WASN'T MADE IN HEAVEN OUT OF SOME HEAVENLY STUFF;"
  • 10:35 "JESUS DOESN'T REALLY KNOW MY PROBLEMS."
  • 10:36 WE DON'T HAVE THAT "OUT". HE WAS BORN OF A WOMAN JUST AS WE ARE AND HE DID NOT SIN.
  • 10:44 HE WON THIS BATTLE IN THIS EQUIPMENT.
  • 10:47 HE GOT TIRED, HE GOT HUNGRY, HE WEPT, IT HURT TO BE CRUCIFIED.
  • 10:52 HE WAS DEPRESSED WHEN HE HEARD OF LAZARUS' DEATH.
  • 10:55 HE WAS LIKE US; HE WAS MAN WITH A MAN'S FEELINGS, A MAN'S SENSITIVITIES.
  • 11:00 THE GOSPEL SAID HE WAS TEMPTED IN ALL THINGS JUST AS WE ARE AND YET HE DID NOT SIN.
  • 11:06 THOUGH HE WAS BORN OF A WOMAN TELLS US THAT HE'S THE ADEQUATE SACRIFICE FOR US.
  • 11:13 A SECOND REASON, IT WAS A NOTICED BIRTH.
  • 11:16 I MEAN, LET'S TELL IT LIKE IT IS.
  • 11:17 HERE IS MARIA, A GIRL, WE'D SAY A NINTH GRADE GIRL,
  • 11:21 SHE'S NINE MONTH'S PREGNANT AND SHE'S TRAVELING FROM NAZARETH TO BETHLEHEM,
  • 11:27 MY GOODNESS, DOWN TO THE JORDAN RIVER VALLEY UP TO JERUSALEM
  • 11:29 AND OVER TO BETHLEHEM IS A 75 MILE RIDE, I SUPPOSE, ON A DONKEY. AND THAT'S NOT EASY.
  • 11:37 AND THEN SHE GETS TO BETHLEHEM.
  • 11:38 I DON'T KNOW HOW MANY OF YOU HAVE EVER SEEN BETHLEHEM BUT IT'S NO BIG DEAL.
  • 11:41 BETHLEHEM'S JUST A CROSSROADS. THERE WAS ONE HOTEL THERE THEN, THERE' ONE THERE NOW.
  • 11:49 YOU CAN NEVER GET A ROOM AT THE INN.
  • 11:52 (Audience laughing).
  • 11:53 THERE WAS NO PLACE FOR HER TO STAY AND SO SHE HAD HER BABY IN A CAVE.
  • 11:57 WE MAKE A BARN OUT OF THIS THING WHEN WE GET IT OVER HERE,
  • 12:00 BUT THEY DON'T HAVE WOODEN BUILDINGS ISRAEL, THERE'S NOT ENOUGH TREES FOR THAT.
  • 12:04 IT WAS A CAVE WHERE THE ANIMALS WERE KEPT,
  • 12:05 THEY HAD A FIRE AT THE MOUTH OF THE CAVE TO KEEP PREDATORS AWAY
  • 12:08 AND SHE HAD TO LAY HER NEWBORN BABY IN A MANGER.
  • 12:11 MY GOODNESS, YOU WOULDN'T REALLY WANT TO LAY A NEWBORN BABY IN A MANGER.
  • 12:15 YOU PEOPLE THAT GREW UP IN THE COUNTRY KNOW WHAT A MANGER IS.
  • 12:17 IT'S WHERE THE ANIMALS EAT. IT'S A STONE TROUGH. IT'S COLD AND HARD AND IT'S NOT CLEAN.
  • 12:23 BUT THAT WAS THE CHOICE, OTHERWISE, THE FLOOR OF THE CAVE.
  • 12:28 AND THAT'S HOW WE GOT THE SON OF GOD.
  • 12:30 WHAT TROUBLE GOD WENT THROUGH. WHAT TROUBLE MARY WENT THROUGH.
  • 12:33 BUT LET ME SAY THIS, BETHLEHEM WAS A VERY SMALL TOWN.
  • 12:37 THERE WERE ONLY 400 FAMILIES LIVING IN BETHLEHEM WHEN JESUS WAS BORN THERE.
  • 12:43 WELL, WHEN SOMETHING LIKE A GIRL RIDING INTO TO TOWN ON A DONKEY
  • 12:47 AND HAVING A BABY IN A CAVE BY THE HOTEL GOES ON.
  • 12:50 WHY THAT'S A STORY IN A SMALL TOWN. THAT'S SOMETHING THEY REMEMBER
  • 12:54 AND IT'S VERY IMPORTANT THAT THEY REMEMBER IT
  • 12:55 BECAUSE 30 YEARS LATER WHEN AN HONEST SEEKER LIKE NICODEMUS MIGHT COME TO THAT TOWN AND SAY,
  • 13:01 "I'VE HEARD THIS MAN PREACH. THEY SAY HE'S MESSIAH. I DON'T WANT TO MAKE A MISTAKE."
  • 13:05 "THE PROPHET MICAH SAID MESSIAH WOULD BE BORN IN YOUR LITTLE TOWN."
  • 13:09 "THIS FELLOW FROM GALILEE, CAN YOU REMEMBER WAS HE BORN HERE?"
  • 13:15 THEY WOULD SAY, "WELL WHO COULD FORGET IT?"
  • 13:18 "OF COURSE HE WAS BORN HERE. WE ALL REMEMBER THAT."
  • 13:21 AND SOMEONE MIGHT SAY, "WELL, IS HE OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH?"
  • 13:26 "WELL YES, THEY CAME DOWN FOR THE TAX COLLECTION."
  • 13:28 "THEY HAD TO COME TO THEIR OWN PRECINCT. THEY WERE BOTH OF JUDAH, JOSEPH AND MARY."
  • 13:33 SOMEONE MIGHT SAY, "WELL THEY SAID HE WAS BORN OF A VIRGIN."
  • 13:35 THEY'D SAY, "WELL WE COULD TELL YOU SHE WAS A YOUNG GIRL,"
  • 13:39 "THEY WEREN'T MARRIED YET, SHE WAS A GOOD GIRL."
  • 13:41 AND THERE WOULD BE A LOT OF EVIDENCE OF HOW TO RECEIVE THE MESSIAH.
  • 13:45 SO FOR THOSE REASONS I THINK GOD USED A WOMAN TO BRING US THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD.
  • 13:51 AND SO A WOMAN, AFTER THIS BREAK, WILL BRING THE LIGHT TO THE PASSOVER TABLE.
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  • 14:46 ISRAEL LIKED CULTURES VERY MATRIARCHAL.
  • 14:49 THE WOMAN FACTORED SIGNIFICANT INTO THE RELIGION INTO THE HOME, YES?
  • 14:53 THEY DO, THEY'RE VERY HOMEBOUND.
  • 14:55 I LIKE WHAT THEY DO IN THE CEREMONIES.
  • 14:58 THEY LIGHT THE CANDLES.
  • 14:59 THE CANDLES BEING THEY ARE BRINGING THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD INTO OUR LIVES.
  • 15:03 YES, IN SO MANY IN FACT WOMEN ARE EXEMPTED FROM SYNAGOGUE PARTICIPATION
  • 15:09 BUT AS IS EVIDENCED IN THE PASSOVER
  • 15:11 THE WOMAN IS THE ONE THAT INAUGURATES AND BRINGS IT IN.
  • 15:15 ABSOLUTELY.
  • 15:15 HERE'S MORE OF "PASSOVER".
  • 15:28 ♪ Baruch atah Ado-nai, ♪
  • 15:31 ♪ Ehlo-haynu Melech Ha-olam, ♪
  • 15:36 ♪ asher kideshanu b'mitzvotav ♪
  • 15:41 ♪ v'tzeevanu l'hadlik ♪
  • 15:44 ♪ nershel Yom Tov ♪
  • 15:50 AMEN. THANK YOU.
  • 15:51 NOW THAT THE CANDLES ARE AT THE TABLE, THAT IS, THE LIGHT IS WITH US, THE MESSIAH IS HERE,
  • 15:56 IT'S TIME TO START THE PASSOVER IN EARNEST.
  • 15:59 AND WE BEGIN WITH THE FIRST CUP. THERE WILL BE FOUR CUPS OF WINE.
  • 16:05 EACH ONE HAVING A DIFFERENT SIGNIFICANCE.
  • 16:07 THIS ONE'S CALLED "THE CUP OF SANCTIFICATION".
  • 16:09 FATHER LOOKS AT THE TABLE, MAKES SURE EVERYTHING'S IN THE RIGHT PLACE, ITS SANCTIFIED,
  • 16:13 EVERYBODY LISTENS TO THE BLESSING OF THE WINE AND SIPS OF THAT CUP.
  • 16:18 NOW SINCE WE'RE DOING THIS FROM HOUSE TO HOUSE AND VILLAGE TO VILLAGE FOR 35 CENTURIES
  • 16:24 IT MIGHT START TO VARY AND THINGS MIGHT BE PUT IN DIFFERENT PLACE
  • 16:28 AND DIFFERENT THINGS MIGHT CREEP IN. SOME HAVE.
  • 16:31 AND WE HAVE A BOOK TO MAKE SURE THAT WE KNOW THE ORIGINAL.
  • 16:36 THIS IS THE HAGGADAH, IT'S A BEST SELLER, IT CAME OUT DURING THE EXODUS.
  • 16:39 IT OPENS THIS WAY BECAUSE ENGLISH BOOKS OPEN BACKWARDS. (Audience laughing)
  • 16:45 AND IN HERE WE HAVE DIRECTIONS ON HOW TO SET THE TABLE.
  • 16:49 THIS IS A PARTICULARLY FINE OLD HAGGADAH,
  • 16:53 AN ANCIENT MASTERPIECE, IN FACT,
  • 16:55 AND IT TELLS THE PRAYERS IN THE ORDER OF THE SERVICE,
  • 16:59 THE STORY OF THE EXODUS OF COURSE, THE PLAGUES AND EVERYTHING.
  • 17:01 AND FATHER LOOKS IN THERE AND COMPARES THE PICTURES WITH THE TABLE TO KNOW THAT EVERYTHING IS QUITE CORRECT.
  • 17:09 NOW, NEXT HE DOES A PECULIAR CEREMONY WITH THE UNLEAVENED BREAD.
  • 17:13 THIS IS CALLED "THE HIDING OF THE AFIKOMAN", THAT'S A GREEK WORD WITH REFERENCE TO THE LORD.
  • 17:21 BUT HE TAKES THREE OF THESE LOAVES OF UNLEAVENED BREAD
  • 17:24 AND HE TAKES A SPECIAL BAG WHICH HAS THREE COMPARTMENTS.
  • 17:30 ALL THE THINGS OF PASSOVER ARE VERY BEAUTIFUL.
  • 17:33 WOMEN ARE VERY PROUD OF THEIR SET UP AND PART OF THAT SET UP IS THESE LINENS AND CLOTHES.
  • 17:41 I'M PUTTING ONE PIECE OF UNLEAVENED BREAD IN EACH COMPARTMENT
  • 17:46 JUST SIMPLY TO SEPARATE THEM INTO A STACK OF THREE.
  • 17:50 AND NOW THAT THERE IS A DISTINCT STACK OF THE THREE,
  • 17:52 FATHER SAYS THE BLESSING OVER THAT BREAD AND THEN HE REMOVES THE MIDDLE PIECE.
  • 18:06 HE BREAKS IT.
  • 18:10 HE WRAPS IT.
  • 18:14 AN IMPROVEMENT SINCE JESUS' TIME.
  • 18:19 AND HE HIDES IT AWAY.
  • 18:20 MY FATHER USED TO PUT IT BEHIND THE CUSHION ON HIS CHAIR.
  • 18:24 HE DOESN'T EXPLAIN WHAT HE'S DONE BUT HE'LL COME BACK TO IT LATER. SO WE'LL GO RIGHT ON.
  • 18:29 THE NEXT THING THAT HAPPENS IN THE SERVICE
  • 18:31 IS THE YOUNGEST MEMBER PRESENT ASKS FOUR QUESTIONS,
  • 18:35 FOUR KEY QUESTIONS THAT IS GOING TO GIVE THE FATHER HIS CUE TO TELL THE PASSOVER STORY ONCE AGAIN.
  • 18:43 AND EVERYBODY HAD A CHANCE AT THIS.
  • 18:45 THAT WHETHER A BOY OR A GIRL, WHEN YOU WERE THE YOUNGEST CHILD YOU ASK THE FOUR QUESTIONS.
  • 18:50 AND WE HAVE THE HELP THIS TIME OF NATHAN EISENBERG WHO WILL CHANT THE QUESTIONS FOR US.
  • 19:02 GO ON NATHAN.
  • 19:04 ♪ Mah nishtanah ha-lahylah ha-zeh ♪
  • 19:06 ♪ mi-kol ha-layloht, ♪
  • 19:10 ♪ mi-kol ha-layloht? ♪
  • 19:13 ♪ She-b'khol ha-layloht ♪
  • 19:16 ♪ anu okhlin ♪
  • 19:17 ♪ chameytz u-matzah, ♪
  • 19:20 ♪ chameytz u-matzah. ♪
  • 19:24 ♪ Ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 19:25 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 19:27 ♪ kooloh matzah? ♪
  • 19:31 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 19:33 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 19:36 ♪ kooloh matzah? ♪
  • 19:39 ♪ She-b'khol ha-layloht ♪
  • 19:41 ♪ anu okhlin sh'ar y'rakot, ♪
  • 19:47 ♪ sh'ar y'rakot. ♪
  • 19:51 ♪ Ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 19:55 ♪ maror? ♪
  • 20:01 ♪ Ha-lahylah ha-zeh,
  • 20:03 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, maror? ♪
  • 20:08 ♪ She-b'khol ha-layloht ♪
  • 20:10 ♪ ayn anu mat'bilin ♪
  • 20:12 ♪ afilu pa'am echat, ♪
  • 20:15 ♪ afilu pa'am echat. ♪
  • 20:18 ♪ Ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:20 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:22 ♪ sh'tay p'amim? ♪
  • 20:25 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:27 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:29 ♪ sh'tay p'amim? ♪
  • 20:32 ♪ She-b'khol ha-layloht ♪
  • 20:34 ♪ anu okhlin ♪
  • 20:36 ♪bayn yosh'bin u'vayn m'soobin,♪
  • 20:39 ♪bayn yosh'bin u'vayn m'soobin.♪
  • 20:42 ♪ Ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:45 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:46 ♪ koolanu m'soobin? ♪
  • 20:50 ♪ Ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:52 ♪ ha-lahylah ha-zeh, ♪
  • 20:54 ♪ koolanu m'soobin? ♪
  • 20:57 AMEN. THANK YOU! (Audience clapping).
  • 21:01 THANKS NATHAN.
  • 21:05 (Zola laughing) WELL, WHAT DID HE SAY? (Audience laughing)
  • 21:09 BASICALLY, "Mah nishtanah ha-lahylah ha-zeh",
  • 21:11 "HOW IS THIS NIGHT DIFFERENT FROM ALL OTHER NIGHTS?"
  • 21:14 WELL, IN EGYPT OF COURSE IT WAS THE NIGHT OF A GREAT SACRIFICE.
  • 21:19 IN THE NEW TESTAMENT IT IS ALSO A NIGHT OF A GREAT SACRIFICE.
  • 21:22 THIS NIGHT IS DIFFERENT FROM ALL OTHER NIGHTS CAUSE ON THIS NIGHT MEN ARE GOING TO KILL GOD!
  • 21:30 THAT'S WHAT HAPPENED. AND WITH THAT BLOOD OF THAT LAMB
  • 21:34 THE WORLD IS TRULY EMANCIPATED LIKE THE JEWS WERE TAKEN OUT IN THE EXODUS.
  • 21:39 THIS REALLY IS A STORY OF SACRIFICE AND SALVATION AND THE STORY PROVES IT.
  • 21:45 FATHER TAKES HIS CUE FROM THOSE QUESTIONS TO EXPLAIN THEM.
  • 21:49 AND WHAT DID THEY REALLY MEAN?
  • 21:50 HE WANTS TO KNOW WHY ON ALL OTHER NIGHTS WE EAT ANY KIND OF BREAD
  • 21:55 BUT TONIGHT ONLY UNLEAVENED BREAD.
  • 21:56 WHY THE BITTER HERBS ON THE TABLE?
  • 21:59 THE RECLINING ON CUSHIONS ON THE CHAIRS SO WE CAN RELAX?
  • 22:05 THE DIPPING?
  • 22:05 THERE'S A BOWEL OF SALT WATER THAT WE'RE GOING TO DIP THINGS IN AND THERE'S CHAROSES.
  • 22:11 I'M GOING TO COME TO THESE THINGS.
  • 22:12 THERE'S DIPPING CEREMONIES AND HE ASKS ABOUT ALL THOSE THINGS
  • 22:15 AND FATHER IN ANSWERING THE QUESTIONS TELLS THE STORY OF THE EXODUS.
  • 22:19 AND WHEN HE COMES TO EACH OF THESE FOODS, THEY PERTAIN TO A PART OF THE STORY.
  • 22:23 SO WE STOP THE STORY AND EAT THE FOOD AND GO ON TO THE NEXT THING.
  • 22:27 HE BEGINS WHEN WE WERE SLAVES TO PHARAOH IN EGYPT.
  • 22:30 I MEAN NO OTHER NATION CAN TELL A STORY THAT'S SO OLD,
  • 22:34 THAT'S SO THRILLING AS THE EMANCIPATION OF THIS ENTIRE NATION.
  • 22:41 HE STARTS WITH THE BITTERNESS OF THE SLAVERY IN EGYPT.
  • 22:45 AND HERE WE HAVE HORSERADISH
  • 22:47 THERE'S A LAZY SUSAN
  • 22:49 WITH THE CEREMONIAL FOODS ON IT
  • 22:51 AND THERE'S A LITTLE BIT OF HORSERADISH ON THERE.
  • 22:54 YOU BREAK UP A PIECE OF THE UNLEAVENED BREAD,
  • 22:56 DIP IT IN THE HORSERADISH AND EAT THAT.
  • 22:59 AND, WELL, SOMETIMES THEY JUST SLICE A CHIP OFF A REAL HORSERADISH.
  • 23:03 THAT WILL CLEAR YOUR SINUSES. (Audience laughing).
  • 23:06 IT BRINGS TEARS TO THE EYES AND THAT'S THE IDEA, TO WEEP OVER THE SLAVERY IN EGYPT.
  • 23:12 THEN HE COMES TO THE CONVERSATION WHERE PHARAOH SAID,
  • 23:15 "YOU WILL MAKE YOUR OWN BRICK MORTAR FROM NOW ON", REMEMBER, TOLD MOSES.
  • 23:19 AND SO THEY STILL MAKE IT, BUT THEY MAKE IT OF APPLES, NUTS AND CINNAMON.
  • 23:24 IT'S DELICIOUS, THE CHAROSES.
  • 23:25 I WAS THE CHAROSES MAKER IN MY FAMILY. THAT WAS MY JOB ON THE DAY OF PREPARATION.
  • 23:31 AND THEY DIP A PIECE OF BREAD IN THAT.
  • 23:34 THE DIPPING IN THE MIDDLE EASTERN CEREMONY, USUALLY, THERE IS FOR EXAMPLE,
  • 23:40 GOING TO DIP IN SALT WATER, THERE'S A LAVER OF SALT WATER IN THE MIDDLE OF THE TABLE.
  • 23:44 IT'S A LONG TABLE, IN JESUS TIME TWELVE MEN AT THE TABLE.
  • 23:48 SO IT WAS EITHER THE DIPPING IN THE SALT WATER OR THE DIPPING IN THE CHAROSES
  • 23:53 WHERE THEY ALL GET UP AND REACH OVER AND WE KNOW THIS FROM THE GOSPEL
  • 23:57 BECAUSE YOU REMEMBER THE QUESTION, "WHICH OF US WILL BETRAY YOU LORD?"
  • 24:02 AND HE SAID AT HIS END OF THE TABLE, "WATCH FOR THE ONE THAT DIPS AFTER ME."
  • 24:06 EVIDENTLY, JUDAS WAS AT THE OTHER END, DIDN'T OVERHEAR THAT.
  • 24:09 THEY ALL GET UP AND DIP IN THIS BOWL AND JUDAS' HAND WAS NEXT AFTER THE LORD.
  • 24:15 SO WE KNOW THAT THEY DID THE DIPPING CEREMONY.
  • 24:18 WE COME TO THE SHANK BONE OF A LAMB WHICH IS ON THE PLATE.
  • 24:23 THIS OF COURSE PERTAINS TO THE SACRIFICE I EXPLAINED, THE BLOOD OF THE LAMB.
  • 24:28 OR IN THE NEW TESTAMENT, THE BLOOD OF THE LAMB, WAS THE SAME THING.
  • 24:32 THE SECOND CUP OF WINE COMES UP DURING THIS
  • 24:37 AND ON THIS ONE WE ACTUALLY SPILL THE WINE MORE THAN DRINK IT.
  • 24:42 WE SPILL DROPS WHEN FATHER CHANTS THE NAMES OF THE PLAGUES,
  • 24:48 "Dahm", BLOOD,
  • 24:49 "Tzfarde'a", FROGS,
  • 24:51 "Kinim", VERMIN,
  • 24:53 "Arov", NOXIOUS BEASTS,
  • 24:54 AND THIS RED WINE IS FALLING IN A WHITE PLATE AND IT LOOKS LIKE BLOOD AND THAT IS THE IDEA.
  • 25:01 SO, THE LAST ONE, "Makat B'charot", THE DEATH OF THE FIRSTBORN,
  • 25:07 IT'S A VERY SAD CEREMONY, THE SPILLING OF THIS CUP OF WINE.
  • 25:12 THE PARSLEY IS DIPPED TWICE IN THE LAVER OF SALT WATER,
  • 25:15 ONCE FOR ISRAEL YOUNG AND GREEN IN THE SPRINGTIME OF ITS NATIONHOOD,
  • 25:20 AND ONCE FOR THE ARMY OF EGYPT THAT TRIED TO FOLLOW HIM AND DOWN THE HATCH.
  • 25:27 (Audience laughing).
  • 25:28 AND THE STORY GOES ON WITH FATHER TELLING IT,
  • 25:32 SINGING, CHANTING IN HEBREW AND EVERYBODY FOLLOWING.
  • 25:34 THAT'S SOMETHING THAT WE SHOULD MAKE A POINT OF,
  • 25:37 THAT HAGGADAH IS PUBLISHED IN RUSSIA, IT'S PUBLISHED IN CHINA, IT'S PUBLISHED THE WORLD AROUND.
  • 25:44 AND WHEN AN IMMIGRANT COMES HERE HE CAN DO PASSOVER PERFECTLY.
  • 25:47 HE HAS A HAGGADAH IN HEBREW, I HAVE A HAGGADAH IN HEBREW, WE SIT DOWN AT THIS TABLE.
  • 25:51 IT'S ONE OF THE ONLY THINGS THAT IMMIGRANTS CAN DO PERFECTLY IN AMERICA OR ANY OTHER COUNTRY,
  • 25:57 THIS AGE OLD INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL.
  • 26:01 WELL TUNE IN NEXT WEEK, WE'LL CONTINUE FROM EXACTLY THIS POINT,
  • 26:04 FINISH THE SEDER PLATE AND THE STORY OF THE EXODUS,
  • 26:08 THIS WONDERFUL 3500 YEAR FESTIVAL CALLED "PASSOVER".
  • 26:29 IT'S BEEN SAID THAT THE OLD TESTAMENT IS THE NEW TESTAMENT CONCEALED
  • 26:33 AND THE NEW TESTAMENT IS THE OLD TESTAMENT REVEALED.
  • 26:35 GOODNESS THAT COMES TO THE FORE IN THE STUDY OF THE PASSOVER DOESN'T IT?
  • 26:39 PASSOVER IS WONDERFUL.
  • 26:40 REALLY THE STUDY OF HOW GOD DELIVERS US FROM SLAVERY AND FROM SIN.
  • 26:46 IT'S A WONDERFUL STORY JEFF.
  • 26:47 AND THAT DELIVERANCE IS AVAILABLE TO EVERYONE TODAY ISN'T IT?
  • 26:51 IT IS.
  • 26:51 THANK YOU FOR WATCHING AND AS YOU GO,
  • 26:53 "SHA' ALU SHALOM YERUSHALYIM"
  • 26:55 PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM.
Watch Part 2

Episodes in this series

  1. The Miracle of Passover (2007), Part 1
  2. The Miracle of Passover (2007), Part 2

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Levitt Letter
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