The Jewish roots of Christianity

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Bible teaching with an emphasis on Israel, prophecy and the Jewish roots of Christianity

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Series: “In The Footsteps of The Rabbi From Tarsus”
In this twelve-part TV series, Dr. Jeffrey Seif sheds light on the Apostle Paul, his movements, and his message. After examining Paul’s travels throughout the Roman Empire, Jeff analyzes Paul’s divinely inspired letters to early Church congregations, preserved in the New Testament.
Episode: “Letters to the Philippians and Timothy”
Jeff and Sandra examine the writings of Paul.

Caption transcript for In The Footsteps of The Rabbi From Tarsus: “Letters to the Philippians and Timothy” (11/12)

  • 00:03 WITH DR. JEFFERY SEIF AND SANDRA LEVITT
  • 01:01 A HEARTY SHALOM TO ALL OF YOU.
  • 01:03 JEFFERY SEIF HERE WITH MY FRIEND SANDRA LEVITT.
  • 01:06 SHALOM
  • 01:07 WELCOME TO IN THE FOOTSTEPS
  • 01:08 OF THE RABBI FROM TARSUS.
  • 01:10 WE'RE GONNA LOOK AT PHILIPPIANS
  • 01:11 AND 1ST TIMOTHY THIS WEEK JEFF.
  • 01:13 YES WE ARE.
  • 01:14 WE'RE LOOKING A PRISON EPISTLE.
  • 01:16 IT IS, YEAH.
  • 01:18 LAST WEEK YOU ALIGHTED ON PAUL'S WARDROBE TALK,
  • 01:21 ABOUT HOW HE LOOKS AT A SOLDIER. >>RIGHT
  • 01:23 HE WAS LOOKING AT SOLDIERS TOO.
  • 01:24 HE TALKS ABOUT THE PRAETORIAN GUARD
  • 01:26 WHEN HE WRITES THE PHILIPPIANS. >>RIGHT
  • 01:28 HE'S STARING AT THEM THROUGH THE BARS I'D IMAGINE. >>POOR THING.
  • 01:31 HE WAS IMPRISONED, BUT HIS SPIRIT WASN'T IMPRISONED.
  • 01:33 HE HAD A LOT OF GOOD THINGS TO SAY, DOESN'T HE?
  • 01:35 IT IS.
  • 01:35 IT'S ONE OF MY FAVORITE...
  • 01:37 I KNOW I SAY THIS ALMOST EVERY WEEK, BUT PAUL REALLY, I THINK WE UNDERESTIMATE PAUL'S WORD.
  • 01:41 WE TAKE IT FOR GRANTED.
  • 01:42 PHILIPPIANS 4:11 SAYS:
  • 01:51 THERE'S AN OLD SAYING I REMEMBER, "IF YOU CAN'T BE HAPPY WITH WHAT LITTLE YOU HAVE,
  • 01:56 YOU'LL NEVER BE HAPPY WITH WHAT A LOT YOU GET."
  • 01:59 SO HE IS THAT EXAMPLE.
  • 02:00 HE IS HAPPY NO MATTER... HE'S CONTENT.
  • 02:03 IT IS A MAJOR PROBLEM IN OUR CULTURE.
  • 02:05 SOME OF YOU ARE OVER-LEVERAGED.
  • 02:08 WHAT YOU NEED IS TO GET AFFIRMATION FROM A SIGNIFICANT OTHER
  • 02:11 SO YOU CAN FEEL HAPPY.
  • 02:13 YOU NEED, IN ORDER TO BE HAPPY YOU NEED MONEY,
  • 02:16 YOU NEED THIS, YOU NEED THAT.
  • 02:17 PAUL SAID,
  • 02:18 I CAN DO ALL THINGS THROUGH HIM >>I CAN DO ALL THINGS
  • 02:20 WHICH STRENGTHENS ME.
  • 02:21 I CAN BE CONTENT IN ANYTHING.
  • 02:22 THAT'S A SECRET TO SUCCESS IN LIFE RIGHT THERE. >>AMEN
  • 02:24 I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MANY TIMES I'VE SAID THAT.
  • 02:26 WHEN SOMETHING IS GOING REALLY...
  • 02:28 THAT I'M NOT SURE WHERE I'M GOING OR WHAT'S GONNA HAPPEN TO ME.
  • 02:30 I HAVE SAID THAT OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN.
  • 02:32 BUT WE'RE GONNA GO TO JEFF NOW, HE'S IN ROME.
  • 02:35 AND HERE'S JEFF TEACHING.
  • 02:45 PAUL CAME TO ROME AS A COURTESY OF THE STATE.
  • 02:47 HE HAD APPEALED TO CAESAR AND TO CAESAR HE CAME HERE IN ROME.
  • 02:51 YOU'LL SEE SOME SIGHTS BEHIND ME.
  • 02:53 ONE IS AN ARCH OF CONSTANTINE, IT CAME A BIT LATER.
  • 02:56 A FORUM IS IN CLOSE PROXIMITY AS IS THE GREAT COLOSSEUM BEHIND,
  • 03:01 WHICH CAME A LITTLE LATER AS WELL.
  • 03:03 BUT THIS IS ROME AND WHEN PAUL WAS HERE INITIALLY HE CAME HERE,
  • 03:07 AS I'VE SAID, HE WAS TRANSPORTED COURTESY OF ROME BY A CENTURION.
  • 03:10 HE WAS UNDER A HOUSE ARREST AND IT'S FROM HERE WHERE HE WROTE A FEW EPISTLES.
  • 03:15 HE WROTE TO THE EPHESIANS, HE WROTE TO THE COLOSSIANS,
  • 03:20 HE WROTE A PERSONAL LETTER TO PHILEMON, AND THEN HE WROTE A DOCUMENT CALLED,
  • 03:25 "THE PHILIPPIANS," WHICH IS ARGUABLY THE FRIENDLIEST OF PAUL'S LETTER.
  • 03:30 THAT'S NOT TO SAY THAT HE WAS A MEAN SORT,
  • 03:32 BUT IT SEEMS THAT WHEN HE WROTE THE OTHERS HE WAS DISCONCERTED ABOUT ONE THING OR ANOTHER,
  • 03:37 BUT THE PHILIPPIAN CORRESPONDENCE WAS A THANK YOU LETTER.
  • 03:41 PAUL WAS GLEAMING WITH OPTIMISM IN THE LETTER TOO.
  • 03:44 HE EVEN MENTIONS THAT THE PRAETORIAN GUARD WAS AWARE OF HIS CIRCUMSTANCES
  • 03:49 THAT GOD WAS GETTING GLORY TOO,
  • 03:51 AS THE GOSPEL WAS SPREADING OUT AMONGST THE PRAETORIANS HERE IN ROME.
  • 03:56 PAUL WAS CHAINED, BUT HE REALLY WASN'T CHAINED, IN THE SENSE, HE WAS FREE AS A BIRD.
  • 04:00 AND HE GIVES VOICE TO HIS FAITH AND HIS HOPE AND HIS LOVE IN THE PHILIPPIANS DOCUMENT.
  • 04:05 A THANK YOU LETTER TO THOSE AT PHILIPPI.
  • 04:07 WHY?
  • 04:09 BECAUSE THEY WERE UNYIELDING IN THEIR SUPPORT FOR PAUL
  • 04:12 THROUGH THE WHOLE TENURE OF HIS MINISTRY.
  • 04:14 SOMETIMES ENTHUSIASM AND SUPPORT CAN WAX AND WANE,
  • 04:17 BUT THE PHILIPPIANS WERE RESOLUTE IN THEIR STANDING BEHIND PAUL.
  • 04:21 AND HE WRITES A THANK YOU LETTER.
  • 04:30 BEHIND ME IS A TRIBUTE TO A MAN
  • 04:32 WHO BY DINT OF DETERMINATION, HE MARSHALED FORCES,
  • 04:36 HE CONQUERED A FOE AND GOT THE BETTER OF AN EMPIRE AS A RESULT OF HIS SO DOING.
  • 04:41 WHEN PAUL WROTE FROM ROME YEARS BEFORE THAT HE SPOKE ABOUT ANOTHER KIND OF LEADERSHIP.
  • 04:47 A SERVANT LEADER.
  • 04:49 AND IN THE PHILIPPIAN DOCUMENT HE SPELLED IT OUT SO BEAUTIFULLY IN TALKING ABOUT CHRIST, WHO:
  • 05:07 SO YOU HAVE A STORY IN JESUS WHO WAS GREAT AND SPLENDID
  • 05:09 AND MAGNIFICENT IN A PREVIOUS EXISTENCE, BUT HE CAME DOWN HERE TO SERVE.
  • 05:13 AND I LOVE THE JUXTAPOSITION HERE IN ROME WITH THE IMAGE OF A MAN WHO CAME TO CONQUER.
  • 05:18 JESUS CONQUERED THE WORLD BY LOVE, NOT BY THE SWORD.
  • 05:21 DO YOU KNOW THE WORD MINISTRY COMES FROM THE WORD MINUS, WHICH MEANS LESS THAN?
  • 05:25 THAT IS TO COUNT OTHERS MORE WORTHY THAN OURSELVES.
  • 05:29 AND THE RABBI FROM TARSUS PLACED A PREMIUM ON THAT WHEN HE WROTE THE PHILIPPIANS,
  • 05:34 IN PART BECAUSE THEY WERE JUST THAT.
  • 05:37 THAT IS THEY WERE GIVEN TO SERVICE RATHER THAN SIMPLY BEING SERVED.
  • 05:40 THE PHILIPPIANS WERE AN INTERESTING GROUP.
  • 05:42 THEY WERE COMPOSED OF RETIRED MILITARY PERSONNEL.
  • 05:44 THEY RETIRED OUT OF THE ROMAN MILITARY AND THEY WERE IN A TAX EXEMPT CITY IN PHILIPPI.
  • 05:50 THEY KNEW WHAT IT WAS TO BE OF SERVICE TOO, TO GO THE DISTANCE,
  • 05:53 BECAUSE THEY DID THAT IN THE COURSE OF THEIR OWN MILITARY CAREERS.
  • 05:56 BUT PARTICULARLY PAUL GOES ON TO SAY IN THE 2ND CHAPTER OF PHILIPPIANS:
  • 06:06 AND THAT WOULD'VE BEEN A SCANDAL TO THE ROMANS HERE.
  • 06:08 THIS SORT OF DEATH WAS RESERVED FOR CRIMINALS, FOR THE CONDEMNED NOT FOR CITIZENS,
  • 06:13 NOT FOR PEOPLE OF RENOWN, CERTAINLY NOT FOR THE MAJESTIC SORTS.
  • 06:16 BUT NEVER THE LESS THIS KING CAME AND BECAME A MAN, A HUMBLE MAN AND HE DIED ON A CROSS.
  • 06:21 BUT THE NET RESULT OF IT ALL ACCORDING TO PAUL WAS THAT BECAUSE OF HIS SERVICE,
  • 06:25 BECAUSE OF HIS DEATH ON THE CROSS:
  • 06:40 I FIND IT INTERESTING THAT WE MALES OF THE SPECIES,
  • 06:42 PERHAPS FOR REASONS THAT ARE TESTOSTERONE DRIVEN
  • 06:45 WE'RE BENT ON CONQUEST AND POWERS AND STRENGTH,
  • 06:48 BUT JESUS WAS A MAN, BUT HE WASN'T JUST MAN, HE WAS GOD IN MAN FORM.
  • 06:51 AND WHAT HAPPENS IS, HE WAS BOTH GOD AND MAN.
  • 06:54 AND WHAT DOES HE DO?
  • 06:55 HE COME AND HE HUMBLES HIMSELF AND HE SERVES.
  • 06:58 WITH THE NET RESULT THAT MORE PEOPLE BOW THE KNEE TO JESUS,
  • 07:01 THAN EVER HAVE THE CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, WHO'S COMMEMORATED WITH THIS TRIBUTE BEHIND ME.
  • 07:06 THERE'S A WAY THAT LOVE AND SERVICE GOES FURTHER THAN POWER AND MIGHT.
  • 07:20 CAESAR WAS AN EXTREMELY POWERFUL MAN,
  • 07:23 BUT AS IN THE CASE WITH POWERFUL MEN THEY DON'T LIVE FOREVER.
  • 07:27 OFF TO MY RIGHT, YOU CAN'T SEE IT, THE REMAINS OF WHERE THE SENATE CONVENED.
  • 07:32 DIRECTLY BEHIND ME IS THE REMAINS OF THE TEMPLE THAT WAS BUILT ATOP THE PLACE
  • 07:39 WHICH JULIUS CAESAR'S BODY WAS BURNED AFTER HE WAS EXECUTED
  • 07:43 WHEN HE DID BUSINESS WITH THE SENATE AND HE WAS BETRAYED BY SOME FRIENDS.
  • 07:47 AND IT'S A VERY FAMOUS EVENT.
  • 07:49 WHEN I THINK OF THE DEATH OF THE GREAT I'M REMINDED OF JESUS,
  • 07:53 WHO'S GREATER THAN CAESAR, BUT HE CAME TO HIS POWER IN ANOTHER WAY.
  • 07:57 AND HERE AS WE HAVE THE TRIBUTE TO CAESAR BEHIND ME,
  • 08:00 BUT A RUIN, WE HAVE THE CHURCH THE WORLD OVER TODAY
  • 08:04 THAT ATTEST TO THE FACT THAT THERE'S POWER IN LOVE.
  • 08:06 JESUS WHO DIED A CRIMINAL'S DEATH AT THE HAND OF THE ROMANS
  • 08:10 HAS GONE ON TO IN EFFECT HAVE THE GREATEST NAME IN THE WORLD,
  • 08:13 AND PEOPLE KNOW HIM, BETTER THAN THEY DO ALL THESE LONG FORGOTTEN CAESARS.
  • 08:16 PAUL WANTED TO UNDERSCORE THE IMPORTANCE OF SERVICE
  • 08:19 AND THIS HE DID WHEN HE WROTE THE PHILIPPIANS.
  • 08:21 AND AS WE FOLLOW IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE RABBI FROM TARSUS,
  • 08:24 CONSIDER WHAT HE HAD TO SAY, WE'D DO WELL TO REMEMBER THE MESSAGE,
  • 08:27 THAT IS THAT THE WAY TO BECOME GREAT IS TO BE A SERVANT OF ALL.
  • 08:45 FOR INSIGHTFUL PERSPECTIVES OF ISRAEL AND BIBLE PROPHECY
  • 08:49 ASK FOR OUR FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER THE LEVITT LETTER.
  • 08:52 WHEN YOU CALL, BE SURE TO ALSO ASK FOR OUR FREE CATALOGUE
  • 08:55 WITH LATEST VIDEOS, BOOKS, AND MUSIC.
  • 08:58 OUR CORRESPONDENCE COURSE, "THE INSTITUTE OF JEWISH CHRISTIAN STUDIES" INCLUDES:
  • 09:02 READING PACKETS, TEACHING CDs, AND MAIL IN TESTS.
  • 09:06 YOU MAY WANNA JOIN US ON AN UPCOMING TOUR OF ISRAEL AND PETRA.
  • 09:09 OR CRUISE THE MEDITERRANEAN, VISITING GREECE AND EPHESUS.
  • 09:13 PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION.
  • 09:17 10 TO 20 THOUSAND PEOPLE COME TO ROME PER DAY.
  • 09:21 THERE'S ROOM FOR YOU HERE, ISN'T THERE SANDRA?
  • 09:24 THIS IS A GREAT PLACE TO SEE.
  • 09:25 IT'S ANOTHER PLACE WHERE WE CAN SEE OUR BIBLE COME ALIVE.
  • 09:29 THAT'S RIGHT, CAUSE WHEN PAUL WAS ALIVE, HE CAME HERE.
  • 09:32 WE VISIT HERE, GREECE, AND THE HOLY LAND ITSELF, ISRAEL PROPER.
  • 09:37 YOU NEED TO BE WITH US.
  • 09:38 WE'D LOVE TO SHOW YOU GREECE, ISRAEL, AND ROME.
  • 09:41 JOIN US FOR A TRIP OF A LIFETIME.
  • 09:45 WE TRAVEL TO THE BIBLE LANDS.
  • 09:47 GREECE, ISRAEL, ROME ON OCCASION.
  • 09:51 MY PROMISE TO YOU IS THAT IF YOU TRAVEL WITH US WE'LL LOOK TO TAKE CARE OF YOU
  • 09:56 BETTER THAN THE TREATMENT THAT PAUL GOT.
  • 09:59 HE WAS BEAT UP AND IN PRISON,
  • 10:01 BUT HE HAD A SERVANTS HEART,
  • 10:03 HE NEVER WAS BESTED BY CIRCUMSTANCES.
  • 10:05 HE REALLY WASN'T.
  • 10:06 IT'S ENCOURAGING TO ALL OF US
  • 10:07 TO HAVE THAT CONTENTMENT IN OUR LIVES.
  • 10:10 BUT NOT ONLY THAT, HE WAS A GREAT MENTOR.
  • 10:12 HERE IS TIMOTHY.
  • 10:13 HE MENTORS TO TIMOTHY.
  • 10:15 HELPS HIM, GETS HIM GOING.
  • 10:17 TIMOTHY GOES OUT
  • 10:19 AND PREACHES THE GOSPEL AFTER PAUL IS GONE.
  • 10:21 I'D IMAGINE TOO, IF YOU CAN LOOK AT A MAN AND SAY,
  • 10:24 "YOU KNOW, HE'S NOT BESTED BY HIS CIRCUMSTANCES.
  • 10:26 HE HAS A POWER THAT'S GREATER THAN WHAT'S COMING AGAINST HIM."
  • 10:29 YOU CAN LOOK UP TO A MAN LIKE THAT AND SAY,
  • 10:31 "I THINK I GOT SOMETHING TO LEARN FROM THIS FELLOW."
  • 10:33 AND THINK ABOUT TIMOTHY'S BACKGROUND.
  • 10:35 HIS MOTHER AND HIS GRANDMOTHER WERE BELIEVERS.
  • 10:37 HE WAS RAISED IN A HOME THAT BELIEVED IN GOD.
  • 10:40 IT MADE ALL THE DIFFERENCE IN THE WORLD.
  • 10:42 HERE IS JEFF.
  • 10:43 WE'RE BACK AT EPHESUS.
  • 10:44 HERE IS JEFF TEACHING.
  • 10:50 HIS NAME WAS FLAVIUS, FURIOUS, APTIUS.
  • 10:55 I'VE RENAMED HIM HOWEVER.
  • 10:58 I CALL HIM FLAVIUS, LUXURIOUS, APTIUS
  • 11:02 AND THE REASON WHY IS BECAUSE
  • 11:03 HE LIVED IN THE LAP OF LUXURY.
  • 11:08 AND HERE WE ARE IN HIS ATRIUM RIGHT NOW.
  • 11:11 A HOME RIGHT OFF THE MAJOR THOROUGHFARE IN ANCIENT EPHESUS.
  • 11:18 THERE'S A MARKET OUTSIDE AND A ROAD THAT GOES THAT GOES TO THE HARBOR.
  • 11:22 PAUL WOULD'VE FREQUENTED THESE PLACES AS WOULD HAVE OTHERS.
  • 11:26 BEYOND THAT THEN WE HAVE IN PROXIMITY HERE WE HAVE THE PROCONTULAR RESIDENTS.
  • 11:32 JUST ADJACENT TO THIS HOME.
  • 11:35 HERE THIS ATRIUM HAD ROOMS ROUND ABOUT.
  • 11:38 BEDROOMS, DENS, DINING ROOMS USED FOR OTHER REASONS.
  • 11:41 IT WAS A MAGNIFICENT STRUCTURE IN IT'S DAY.
  • 11:44 AND IN IT'S DAY, THAT IS REWINDING THE TAPE BACK TO THE ANCIENT WORLD,
  • 11:49 IT WAS IN THAT DAY WHEN THE RABBI FROM TARSUS SAID,
  • 11:55 LISTEN I'M HEADING TO MACEDONIA, WHICH IS NORTHERN GREECE.
  • 11:59 BUT HE SAID TO TIMOTHY LISTEN I'M URGING YOU, STAY IN EPHESUS AND HELP WITH KAHELACH THERE.
  • 12:08 HELP THE CONGREGATION THERE TO GET THE STORY STRAIGHT.
  • 12:12 YOU KNOW BEFORE YOU GET THE STORY OUT YOU GOTTA GET THE STORY STRAIGHT,
  • 12:15 SO PAUL COMMENDED INDIVIDUALS TO THE TASK OF TEACHING.
  • 12:19 AND HIS WRITINGS WERE COMMENDED FOR POSTERITY IN WRITTEN FORM,
  • 12:23 HENCE YOU HAVE THE GATHERING OF THE NEW TESTAMENT CORPUS.
  • 12:26 I WANT YOU TO LOOK PLEASE WITH ME IN CHAPTER 1, VERSE 3 OF 1ST TIMOTHY WHERE HE TELLS HIM:
  • 12:44 IN FACT THERE WERE SOME THAT REALLY HAD PAUL DISCONCERTED.
  • 12:46 HE MENTIONS IN VERSE 19:
  • 12:52 AND HE SAYS:
  • 12:57 AND IT'S INTERESTING THERE'S A HARBOR RIGHT DOWN THE STREET HERE.
  • 12:59 SO THE ANALOGY OF A BOAT THAT CRASHES AGAINST THE ROCKS AND FALLS.
  • 13:03 THIS FOR HIM IS ANALOGOUS TO A CHRISTIAN
  • 13:06 THAT LETS THEIR WHOLE BE BREACHED WITH POOR UNDERSTANDINGS.
  • 13:10 AND HOW OUGHT WE TO LIVE?
  • 13:12 WHAT OUGHT WE TO DO IF ONE NAMES THE NAME OF THE LORD?
  • 13:15 HE SAYS IN CHAPTER 2, VERSE 1, AND THIS IS, I THINK A FITTING PLACE TO MAKE THIS POINT,
  • 13:22 HE SAYS:
  • 13:36 SO IN EFFECT WHEN PAUL WRITES TIMOTHY WHO STAYED IN EPHESUS, HE SAYS LISTEN,
  • 13:41 ENCOURAGE THESE PEOPLE TO PRAY FOR THE PEOPLE THAT LIVE IN THIS HOUSE RIGHT HERE.
  • 13:46 I CAN ASSURE YOU, TIMOTHY DIDN'T LIVE HERE.
  • 13:48 BUT THIS HOUSE AND THIS RUIN IS BUILT ATOP,
  • 13:51 THIS IS THE ANCIENT ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF THE ANCIENT WORLD.
  • 13:55 AND HE SAYS LISTEN, PRAY FOR PEACE.
  • 13:57 AND THE REASON WHY HE DOES THAT IN PART IS BECAUSE
  • 13:59 IF YOU'LL GO TO LUKE'S TESTIMONY IN THE 19TH CHAPTER,
  • 14:02 WHEN PAUL CAME TO EPHESUS THERE WAS AN UPROAR.
  • 14:06 THERE WAS A RIOT, BECAUSE PEOPLE WERE COMING TO FAITH,
  • 14:10 THEY WERE CHANGING THE LIFESTYLE, IT WAS THREATENING THE ECONOMY
  • 14:13 AND THE MERCHANTS GOT TOGETHER WHO WERE MANUFACTURING IDOLS AND VARIOUS RELIGIOUS PARAPHERNALIA,
  • 14:18 TO ANOTHER RELIGIOUS PERSUASION, THEY GOT UPSET BECAUSE PEOPLE WERE DISAVOWING ALL OF THAT.
  • 14:23 AND THEY FILLED UP THE THEATRE RIGHT DOWN THE STREET HERE AND THERE WAS A BIG UPROAR.
  • 14:27 AND THE THING SWELLED OUT OF CONTROL.
  • 14:30 AND THEN A FELLOW GETS UP AND SAYS,
  • 14:32 LISTEN, WE ARE GUILTY OF DISORDER HERE, THAT THERE ARE PROCOUNCILS.
  • 14:36 HE SAYS, THE COURTS ARE OPEN, THE PROCOUNCILS SIT.
  • 14:40 THEY ADJUDICATE AND IT'S INTERESTING, THIS IS WHERE THE PROCOUNCIL WAS.
  • 14:44 HERE WE ARE IN ANCIENT EPHESUS AND HERE PAUL IS ENCOURAGING, PRAY FOR THE LEADERS.
  • 14:50 WELL PAUL WOULD ENCOURAGE PRAYERS FOR CIVIL AUTHORITIES.
  • 14:54 TRUTH BE KNOWN THAT PAUL HAD NO INFLUENCE OVER THE JURIDICAL AUTHORITIES
  • 14:59 IN THE BROADER CULTURE.
  • 15:01 HE DID HOWEVER, DID HAVE INFLUENCE ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED IN HIS OWN HOUSE,
  • 15:04 THE KEHILLAH, THE CONGREGATION, THE CHURCH.
  • 15:08 WHEN HE WROTE THE EPHESIANS HE HAD DEVELOPED FOR THEM THE DOCTRINE OF THE CHURCH.
  • 15:12 IT'S WHY ECCLESIOLOGY, THE DOCTRINE OF THE CHURCH,
  • 15:14 IS SO VERY MUCH DEVELOPED IN BIBLE COLLEGES AND SEMINARIES, USING THE EPHESIANS TEXT.
  • 15:19 WELL, WHEN PAUL WRITES TO TIMOTHY HERE
  • 15:23 HE EXHORTS FOR THERE TO BE GOOD MAGISTRATES WITHIN THE CHURCH HOUSE.
  • 15:28 AND TO THAT END I WANT YOU LOOK PLEASE IN CHAPTER 3 OF 1ST TIMOTHY, VERSES 1 AND ON.
  • 15:33 I WANT YOU TO SEE WHAT THE RABBI OF TARSUS SAYS ABOUT
  • 15:36 ORGANIZATION WITHIN THE MESSIANIC SYNAGOGUES.
  • 15:40 THAT IS THESE CONGREGATIONS THAT ARE VERY JEWISH IN THEIR NATURE.
  • 15:46 THEY BELIEVE THAT THE MESSIAH HAS COME.
  • 15:48 AND YOU'LL SEE IN A MOMENT HOW THEY'RE ORGANIZED ALONG JEWISH LINES.
  • 15:51 THE REASON WHY I SAY THAT IF YOU'LL LOOK IN CHAPTER 3, VERSE 1 HE SAYS:
  • 16:06 HE GOES ON, THERE'S A LIST THERE OF VIRTUES THAT HE SAYS ARE IN COMMON UPON A BISHOP.
  • 16:10 NOW CONCEPTUALLY, LET ME SAY, THERE'S A PROBLEM HERE GIVEN TO THE DISTANCE AND THE CULTURE.
  • 16:15 WHEN TODAY WE THINK OF A BISHOP, WE THINK OF SOMEONE WEARING A PURPLE SHIRT
  • 16:19 AND A WHITE COLLAR, SOMEONE WITH DONING A BIG VESTMENT,
  • 16:22 A CROWN IN A CATHEDRAL WALKING AROUND WITH THEIR SHEPHERD'S CROOK, THIS IS A BISHOP.
  • 16:26 WE UNDERSTAND THE EXPRESSION, "BISHOP" YOU GET IT FROM THE GREEK,
  • 16:32 BUT IT REALLY COMES FROM A PRE-CHRISTIAN EMPLOYMENT.
  • 16:36 THE BISHOP IN THE NEW TESTAMENT SENSE HERE IS COMPARABLE TO THE ZEKENIM IN THE SYNAGOGUE.
  • 16:43 PAUL WAS A SYNAGOGUE MAN.
  • 16:46 AND SYNAGOGUES HAD ELDERS THAT WERE CALLED ZEKENIM.
  • 16:50 ZECKENIM COMES FROM THE HEBREW, "ZEKEN" WHICH MEANS BEARDED ONES, OR THE WISE.
  • 16:56 THERE'S AN ASSEMBLY OF THE ELDERS AND IN JUDAISM,
  • 17:00 IT WAS INCUMBENT UPON ELDERS TO BE THE HUSBAND ONE WIFE, NOT GIVEN TO WINE, JUST, HOSPITABLE
  • 17:05 ABLE TO MANAGE HIS OWN HOUSE, ETC...
  • 17:07 NOW WHAT'S INTERESTING IN LOOKING TO FIND STABLE LEADERS FOR THE CHURCH,
  • 17:11 PAUL EMPLOYS THE SAME LIST OF CRITERIA THAT'S EMPLOYED AT THE SYNAGOGUE.
  • 17:17 PAUL WAS A MEMBER OF THE "PERUSHIM" THE PHARISEES, HE WAS A SYNAGOGUE MAN.
  • 17:22 SO PAUL'S DRAWING FROM HIS OWN INVENTORY OF STRUCTURAL MECHANISMS
  • 17:29 FOR ORGANIZING SYNAGOGUE LIFE AND EMPLOYING THEM HERE INTO THE NEW ECONOMY.
  • 17:33 HE THEN GOES ON TO DESCRIBE DEACONS.
  • 17:36 AND HE GIVES A LIST OF CHARACTER REQUIREMENTS FOR DEACONS.
  • 17:40 A TAD BIT MORE ABBREVIATED THAN THE PREVIOUS.
  • 17:42 AND HERE AGAIN DEACONS, YOU KNOW TODAY PEOPLE THINK OF DEACONS
  • 17:46 IT MEANS DIFFERENT THINGS TO DIFFERENT PEOPLE, BUT IN PAUL'S DAY SYNAGOGUES HAD "SHAMASHIM."
  • 17:50 IT COMES FROM THE HEBREW WORD FOR A SERVANT.
  • 17:54 I SAID ALL THAT TO SAY THIS, THAT IF YOU LOOK AT PAUL, PAUL WRITES TIMOTHY AND HE SAYS,
  • 17:58 LISTEN I DON'T WANT THINGS TO GET OUT OF CONTROL.
  • 18:01 WHAT HAPPENS IS THE WATERS WERE GETTING A LITTLE MURKY.
  • 18:04 AND HERE I AM IN THE RESIDENCE OF FLAVIUS, FURIOUS, APTIUS.
  • 18:12 AND THIS IS A DEN HERE, THERE WAS A FOUNTAIN HERE.
  • 18:15 NOW YOU KNOW, IF THE WATERS ARE MIXED AND THE FOUNTAIN IS BRACKISH,
  • 18:19 NO ONE WANTS TO DRINK FROM IT.
  • 18:21 WHAT HAPPENS IS THE UNDERSTANDING AMONGST THE EARLY BELIEVERS WAS GETTING MURKY,
  • 18:25 CAUSE THERE WAS DIVERGENT TELLINGS AND PAUL TOLD TIMOTHY CLEAN OUT THE WATER,
  • 18:32 WE GOTTA GET THIS THING RIGHT.
  • 18:33 GET IT STRAIGHT, WE NEED GOOD LEADERS.
  • 18:35 AND WHAT'S INTERESTING IS THE RABBI FROM TARSUS,
  • 18:38 IN LOOKING TO SET UP LEADERS FOR THE CHURCH,
  • 18:41 EMPLOYED THE CRITERIA FOR LEADERS IN JEWISH SYNAGOGUES.
  • 18:56 ONE OF THE THINGS THAT'S APPARENT TO ME WHEN I CONSIDER PAUL
  • 19:00 IS THE FACT THAT HE WAS INTERESTED IN BEING A PARENT.
  • 19:03 NOW IT'S A PLAY ON WORDS AND BY THAT I MEAN, WHEN I LOOK AT THIS CORRESPONDENCE,
  • 19:07 WHEN I LOOK AT HIS WRITINGS TO TIMOTHY AND TITUS AND OTHERS,
  • 19:12 IT'S APPARENT TO ME THAT HE WAS BEING A PARENT
  • 19:14 THAT HE'S LOOKING TO RAISE UP A NEW GENERATION OF LEADER.
  • 19:19 IT'S BEEN SAID THAT YOU'RE NOT A SUCCESS UNLESS YOU HAVE A SUCCESSOR.
  • 19:23 PAUL UNDERSTANDS THAT.
  • 19:24 HE MODELS LEADERSHIP AND HE TEACHES IT.
  • 19:27 CASE IN POINT,
  • 19:28 THE LITERATURE THAT'S THE OBJECT OF OUR ATTENTION TODAY.
  • 19:31 ABSOLUTELY AND TIMOTHY IS A YOUNG MAN,
  • 19:33 SO HE HAS GOT TIME.
  • 19:35 NOT ONLY HE HAS TIME,
  • 19:37 BUT HE CAN TRAIN SOMEBODY.
  • 19:38 THE QUALIFICATION, WHAT MAKES A LEADER IN CHURCH?
  • 19:42 WHAT MAKES A LEADER?
  • 19:43 AND PAUL TELLS TIMOTHY,
  • 19:44 DON'T LISTEN TO THE BABBLINGS, FOLLOW THE WORD.
  • 19:48 HE GIVES HIM INSTRUCTIONS
  • 19:50 AND I THINK THAT'S IMPORTANT FOR ALL OF US,
  • 19:52 WHETHER WE ARE LEADING OR BEING LEAD
  • 19:54 IS THAT WE'RE LISTENING.
  • 19:56 WE'RE LISTENING TO INSTRUCTIONS FOR OUR LIVES.
  • 19:58 THAT'S RIGHT AND TALKING ABOUT BABBLINGS
  • 20:00 AND INSTRUCTIONS, DR. JOHN FISCHER,
  • 20:02 HIS INSIGHT IS SO SAGE.
  • 20:04 FULL OF INSTRUCTION.
  • 20:05 EVERY WORD IS WORTH SOMETHING ISN'T IT? >>WELL I ENJOYED
  • 20:08 LISTENING TO HIM AND TALKING TO HIM,
  • 20:10 BECAUSE HE TALKS ABOUT THE TORAH AND HOW THE INSTRUCTION FOR LIFE COMES OUT OF THE TORAH
  • 20:16 AND IT IS REALLY INTERESTING TO HEAR HIS PERSPECTIVE.
  • 20:19 HERE IS DR. FISCHER
  • 20:28 IT HAS REALLY BEEN A PLEASURE TO HAVE YOU ON THE PROGRAM.
  • 20:31 NOT ONLY ARE YOU A DISTINGUISHED THEOLOGIAN,
  • 20:35 BUT YOU'RE ALSO A RABBI.
  • 20:36 AND HERE WE ARE TALKING ABOUT PAUL, BEING A RABBI, HAD TO TAKE CARE OF HIS FLOCK,
  • 20:40 HAD TO TAKE CARE OF HIS CONGREGATION, LETTER WRITING.
  • 20:43 WHAT IS IT LIKE TO BE A RABBI?
  • 20:45 IT'S AN AWESOME RESPONSIBILITY.
  • 20:47 FIRST, LET ME SAY THANK YOU FOR ALLOWING ME ON THE PROGRAM,
  • 20:50 IT'S BEEN A DELIGHT.
  • 20:51 OFTEN BEING A RABBI, I TRY NOT TO THINK ABOUT IT BECAUSE
  • 20:56 THE RESPONSIBILITY CAN BE TOO AWESOME
  • 20:58 IF YOU SPEND TOO MUCH TIME FOCUSING ON IT.
  • 21:01 ESPECIALLY IF YOU'VE GOT A RABBI SUCH AS RAV SHAUL,
  • 21:04 PAUL AS THE PERSON,
  • 21:05 ONE OF THE PEOPLE YOU'RE SUPPOSE TO BE MODELING AFTER.
  • 21:08 HERE'S A PERSON WHO AS HE DESCRIBED HIS OWN CREDENTIALS
  • 21:11 IN THE BOOK OF PHILIPPIANS,
  • 21:13 DESCRIBED HIMSELF AS SOMEONE WHO HAD ACHIEVED
  • 21:16 THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF THE TORAH,
  • 21:19 WHICH IS A STATEMENT IN OF ITSELF.
  • 21:20 THAT, THAT RIGHTEOUSNESS DOES COME THROUGH THE TORAH,
  • 21:24 BUT THAT HE HAD ACHIEVED IT.
  • 21:25 AND THEN HE SAID... >>BUT HE LOVED IT,
  • 21:26 HE LOVED THE TORAH. >>LOVED IT.
  • 21:27 LOVED THE TORAH, LIVED THE TORAH,
  • 21:29 AND THEN HE SAID CONCERNING HIS LIFESTYLE,
  • 21:31 RELATED TO THE TORAH BLAMELESS. >>RIGHT.
  • 21:32 WOW, THAT'S SOMETHING TO BE...
  • 21:34 THAT'S A MODEL TO SHOOT FOR.
  • 21:36 AND THEN THAT'S WHAT HE PASSED ON TO HIS STUDENTS,
  • 21:39 WHICH IS PART OF THE CORE
  • 21:40 OF WHAT BEING A RABBI IS SUPPOSE TO BE ALL ABOUT.
  • 21:43 PASSING IT ONE TO OTHERS, TO STUDENTS.
  • 21:44 SO WHEN HE TAUGHT TIMOTHY,
  • 21:46 HE TOLD TIMOTHY THE THINGS YOU'VE SEEN AND HEARD FROM ME,
  • 21:49 I WANT YOU TO DO,
  • 21:51 BUT ALSO PASS THOSE ON TO OTHERS WHO CAN THEN TEACH OTHERS,
  • 21:54 WHO CAN TEACH OTHERS ALSO.
  • 21:55 GENERATIONS DOWN THE ROAD OF MEN AND WOMEN WHO ARE NOW
  • 21:59 UNDERSTANDING WHAT THIS RABBI TAUGHT THROUGH ONE OF HIS OWN STUDENTS,
  • 22:05 WHO'S NOW TEACHING THEM TO TEACH OTHERS,
  • 22:07 TO TEACH OTHERS, TO TEACH STILL OTHERS? >>THE GREAT COMMISSION.
  • 22:09 IT'S THE GREAT COMMISSION. >>EXACTLY.
  • 22:11 GENERATIONS DOWN THE ROAD LINEARLY
  • 22:14 AND THEN MULTIPLYING ACROSS THE BOARD AS WELL.
  • 22:17 IT'S AN AMAZING KIND OF THING.
  • 22:19 THAT'S WHY YOU TRY NOT TO THINK TOO MUCH ABOUT IT,
  • 22:23 BECAUSE IT CAN BECOME OVERWHELMING.
  • 22:24 JUST FOCUS ON WHAT'S IN FRONT OF YOU.
  • 22:27 THIS PHILIPPI OR THIS EPHESUS OR THIS TIMOTHY OR THAT TITUS
  • 22:31 AND IT KEEPS YOU MORE FIRMLY GROUNDED.
  • 22:35 WHAT IS DO YOU THINK TODAY IS YOUR GREATEST CONCERN
  • 22:38 IN THE CONGREGATIONS,THE MESSIANIC CONGREGATIONS?
  • 22:41 THAT'S A VERY GOOD QUESTION.
  • 22:43 PROBABLY THE SAME CONCERN THAT I STARTED OUT WITH MANY YEARS AGO
  • 22:46 AND THAT IS THAT WE BE AUTHENTICALLY JEWISH
  • 22:51 AND AVOWEDLY MESSIANIC WITH BOTH OF WHAT THAT MEANS.
  • 22:54 IT CAN'T JUST BE TANGENTIALLY JEWISH
  • 22:59 OR A GLOSS OF JEWISHNESS. >>RIGHT.
  • 23:01 IF WE ARE JEWS THEN WE'VE GOTTA LIVE
  • 23:04 AND THINK AND SPEAK AND TEACH AS JEWS.
  • 23:05 BUT WE ALSO HAPPEN TO BE A SPECIFIC BRAND OF JEWS
  • 23:09 AND WE'VE GOTTA BE AVOWEDLY MESSIANIC.
  • 23:11 THAT MEANS AT OUR CORE... >>WE BELIEVE IN MESSIAH.
  • 23:14 EXACTLY AND IT'S GOTTA BE AT THE CORE OF OUR BEING.
  • 23:16 THE CORE OF OUR BEING HAS TO BE,
  • 23:18 THE MESSIAH HAS TO BE WE BEING MESSIANIC.
  • 23:20 BUY THOSE INTEGRATES SO VERY WELL,
  • 23:24 BECAUSE WE ARE NOT JUST MESSIANIC OR JEWS,
  • 23:25 WE'RE MESSIANIC JEWS. >>AMEN.
  • 23:27 GOD BLESS YOU.
  • 23:28 THANK YOU FOR COMING AND GOD BLESS YOU.
  • 23:30 IT'S BEEN MY PLEASURE.
  • 23:31 THANK YOU SO MUCH SANDRA.
  • 23:37 MUSIC
  • 24:09 THE RABBI FROM TARSUS WAS A RABBI FOR ALL PEOPLE, JEWS AND GREEKS ALIKE.
  • 24:16 THIS IS EVIDENCED IN PART IN THE WRITING OF TIMOTHY ITSELF.
  • 24:19 AND WHO WAS IT THAT WAS THE OBJECT OF PAUL'S AFFECTION HERE?
  • 24:23 WHO WAS HE MENTORING? A FELLOW WHO WAS PART JEWISH AND PART GREEK.
  • 24:28 HIS FATHER WAS A GREEK.
  • 24:29 PAUL LOVED JEWISH PEOPLE, NON-JEWISH PEOPLE, ALL PEOPLE,
  • 24:33 AND THAT WAS PART OF THE SECRET TO HIS GENIUS,
  • 24:35 HE WASN'T ALL CLOSED UP WITH RACE
  • 24:36 AND GENDER AND CLASS ISSUES.
  • 24:38 NO, HE WANTED EVERYONE TO KNOW THE MESSIAH
  • 24:41 AND THAT SALVATION HAD COME.
  • 24:43 AND THIS WAS A GLORIOUS THING TO KNOW,
  • 24:46 NOT SOMETHING THAT WAS TO BE PITIED
  • 24:48 OR TO BE SO SAD FOR, WE HAVE SALVATION.
  • 24:52 AND IT HAS COME THROUGH THE JEWS FOR EVERYONE.
  • 24:55 FOR GREEK, FOR ROMAN, FOR JEWS, FOR MUSLIMS,
  • 24:58 ANY UNBELIEVER THAT DOESN'T KNOW THE MESSIAH.
  • 25:01 PAUL WAS TELLING EVERYONE.
  • 25:03 IT WAS GREAT.
  • 25:04 YOU GO GIRL, THAT'S WELL SAID. >>NO, IT WAS GREAT.
  • 25:07 IT'S ENCOURAGING.
  • 25:08 PAUL TOOK ISRAEL'S HOPE BEYOND ISRAEL'S BORDERS. >>RIGHT
  • 25:12 IN THE HOPE THAT INDIVIDUALS WOULD CROSS THOSE BORDERS
  • 25:16 AND COME INTO THE KINGDOM OF GOD.
  • 25:17 WELL, AND GO BACK TO ACTS 1:8, IT SAYS:
  • 25:19 "YOU WILL WITNESS IN JERUSALEM, ALL JUDEAN SAMARIA, AND THE ENTIRE WORLD."
  • 25:24 AND THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT PAUL HAS DONE AND THAT'S WHAT WE SHOULD DO.
  • 25:28 YES, BUT THE DEVIL DOES SOMETHING TOO, SAD TO SAY. >>OH YEAH.
  • 25:32 IF ONE LOOKS IN 1ST TIMOTHY CHAPTER 1:18-20 WE'RE TOLD:
  • 25:50 PAUL WOULD KNOW A LITTLE BIT ABOUT SHIPWRECK TOO, BECAUSE HE WAS BEATEN UP IN THE WATERS.
  • 25:54 THERE ARE PEOPLE TODAY, YES MAYBE EVEN YOU.
  • 25:58 YOU'VE EXPERIENCED SHIPWRECK.
  • 26:00 WHY IS IT?
  • 26:01 BECAUSE YOUR INTERNAL COMPASS IS DEFILED WITH SIN.
  • 26:07 YOU'VE CLOGGED IT UP, YOU'VE LOST YOUR WAY,
  • 26:10 AND YOUR VESSEL HAS BEEN DASHED AGAINST THE ROCKS.
  • 26:13 THAT'S THE BAD NEWS.
  • 26:15 TAKE IT FROM SOMEONE WHO WAS SHIPWRECKED LITERALLY, WHO WAS ABLE TO REBOUND FROM IT.
  • 26:20 HE WANTS YOU TO KNOW AND I WILL REMIND YOU THAT YOU CAN RECOVER FROM YOUR SHIPWRECKED LIFE,
  • 26:25 IF YOU WOULD JUST REACH UP TO GOD AND ASK HIM TO FORGIVE YOU FOR YOUR SINS.
  • 26:29 MAKE YOUR WAY TO A BIBLE BELIEVING CONGREGATION AND BEGIN AGAIN TO CULTIVATE THE LIFE.
  • 26:35 AND THEN YOU CAN GET INTO PAUL'S WORD AND BECOME ONE OF HIS DISCIPLES.
  • 26:38 ABSOLUTELY.
  • 26:40 THIS IS OUR COMPASS, THE BIBLE IS OUR COMPASS.
  • 26:43 IF OUR LIVES ARE NOT STRAIGHT, THE BIBLE WILL HELP US GET IT STRAIGHTENED OUT
  • 26:47 AND SO WILL MESSIAH.
  • 26:48 STAY TUNED.
  • 26:50 NEXT WEEK IS OUR LAST SERIES AND THIS IS THE PROGRAM IN OUR SERIES.
  • 26:53 I HATE IT, IT'S BEEN GREAT.
  • 26:54 BUT JOIN US NEXT WEEK.
  • 26:56 AND AS YOU GO.
  • 26:56 SHA 'ALU SHALOM YERUSHALAYIM.
  • 26:58 PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF JERUSALEM.

Episodes in this series

  1. First Steps Toward Christ
  2. First “Official” Ministry
  3. Apostolic Ordination and First Missionary Journey
  4. Second and Third Missionary Journeys
  5. Arrest and Appeal to Rome for Trial
  6. Roman Imprisonment, Release, Travels and Death
  7. Paul's Earliest Writings: to the Galatians and Thessalonians
  8. Letter to the Corinthians, and Follow-up to the Thessalonians
  9. Reconciliation with the Corinthians, and Roman Correspondence
  10. Letters to Philemon, and the Colossians and Ephesians
  11. Letters to the Philippians and Timothy
  12. Final Steps and Farewell Letters to Titus and Timothy

Related Episodes

Zola Levitt Presents
Levitt Letter
Tours
Podcasts