The Jewish roots of Christianity

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Episode: “Past and Future Destruction”
Ongoing excavations at Hazor have unearthed various artifacts, including idols from the time of the Canaanites, and evidence that confirms the burning of the city as recorded in Joshua 11. We examine not only the prophetic significance of the Valley of Armageddon, but also the archaeological discoveries at Megiddo.
Series: “The Stones Cry Out (2012)”
In recent decades, many marvelous, new archaeological discoveries have greatly illuminated and validated the biblical record. In order to film the archaeological sites and interview the experts, Zola Levitt, Thomas McCall, and the production crew of Zola Levitt Presents journeyed to Israel and Jordan. We found that, just as our Lord said about this remarkable Land, indeed The Stones Cry Out. (Luke 19:40) Myles and Katharine Weiss host this encore presentation, examining the archaeological discoveries that shed light on the Bible.

Caption transcript for The Stones Cry Out (2012): “Past and Future Destruction” (5/12)

  • 00:02 (♪ "The Stones Cry Out" ♪)
  • 00:24 Male Singer: ♪ IF NO ONE STANDS TO SPEAK, ♪
  • 00:29 ♪ IF NO ONE PRAYS, ♪
  • 00:35 ♪ THESE VERY STONES CRY OUT ♪
  • 00:41 ♪ "I AM." ♪♪
  • 00:47 Myles: SHALOM AND WELCOME
  • 00:48 TO ZOLA LEVITT PRESENTS.
  • 00:49 I'M MYLES WEISS.
  • 00:50 Katharine: AND I'M
  • 00:51 KATHARINE WEISS.
  • 00:52 Myles: AND TODAY WE'RE
  • 00:53 CONTINUING OUR STUDY IN
  • 00:54 "THE STONES CRY OUT;"
  • 00:56 ARCHAEOLOGY VERIFYING
  • 00:57 THE REALITY OF THE BIBLE AND
  • 00:59 THE JEWISH PRESENCE IN THE LAND.
  • 01:01 WE'VE BEEN SEEING STORIES
  • 01:03 OF THE DAVIDIC DYNASTY AND
  • 01:05 WE'RE GOING TO CONTINUE THIS.
  • 01:07 Katharine: YEAH, AND, MYLES,
  • 01:08 WE HAVE A WONDERFUL OFFER
  • 01:09 THAT WE'RE GOING TO BE OFFERING
  • 01:10 OUR VIEWERS.
  • 01:11 IT'S "DISCOVERING
  • 01:12 OUR JEWISH ROOTS"
  • 01:13 AND I'VE BEEN LEARNING A LOT
  • 01:14 FROM IT MYSELF.
  • 01:15 YOU KNOW, YOU CAN JUST
  • 01:16 NEVER GET ENOUGH.
  • 01:18 WHEN YOU'RE IN THE WORD,
  • 01:19 THERE'S ALWAYS SOMETHING FRESH
  • 01:20 GOD BRINGS EACH AND EVERY TIME
  • 01:22 WE OPEN THE WORD AND STUDY IT.
  • 01:23 Myles: THAT'S TRUE.
  • 01:24 AND SO LET'S CONTINUE
  • 01:25 WITH OUR PROGRAM TODAY.
  • 01:26 WE'RE GOING TO LOOK
  • 01:27 AT ARMAGEDDON...HAR MEGIDDO,
  • 01:30 THE MOUNTAIN OF MEGIDDO;
  • 01:31 A NAME THAT JUST UNEARTHS
  • 01:33 FEAR AND EXCITEMENT
  • 01:34 IN THE CHRISTIANS' HEARTS.
  • 01:35 LET'S GO ON LOCATION IN ISRAEL
  • 01:37 RIGHT NOW.
  • 01:39 Zola: REVELATION 16:16,
  • 01:41 A FAMOUS VERSE; "HE GATHERED
  • 01:42 THEM TOGETHER INTO A PLACE
  • 01:44 CALLED, IN THE HEBREW TONGUE,
  • 01:45 ARMAGEDDON."
  • 01:46 THAT BATTLE, OF COURSE,
  • 01:48 WILL END ALL BATTLES.
  • 01:50 THERE HAVE BEEN MANY WARS
  • 01:52 AT MEGIDDO AND IN THE VALLEY
  • 01:55 OF ARMAGEDDON
  • 01:56 IN NORTHERN ISRAEL,
  • 01:57 A FLAT, FERTILE VALLEY.
  • 01:59 NAPOLEON PRONOUNCED IT A
  • 02:00 GREAT PLACE FOR A FINAL BATTLE.
  • 02:02 KING SOLOMON CONSIDERED IT
  • 02:05 A VERY IMPORTANT CITY
  • 02:06 FOR CONTROLLING THE TRADE ROUTES
  • 02:07 OF THE NORTH AND HE PUT IN
  • 02:10 ONE OF HIS SPLENDID SIX-CHAMBER
  • 02:12 GATES, A HUGE GRAIN SILO
  • 02:15 AND A FASCINATING TUNNEL.
  • 02:17 WE CAN STILL WALK THROUGH,
  • 02:18 DOWN TO THE WATER SOURCE
  • 02:20 OF MEGIDDO.
  • 02:22 WE'LL GO TO DR. TOM McCALL
  • 02:23 ON LOCATION.
  • 02:25 ♪ ♪
  • 02:30 Tom: MEGIDDO IS LOCATED
  • 02:31 ON THE SOUTHERN EDGE
  • 02:32 OF THE JEZREEL VALLEY, ABOUT
  • 02:33 55 MILES NORTH OF JERUSALEM.
  • 02:37 ALTHOUGH THE ADJACENT VALLEY
  • 02:38 HAS BEEN THE SITE OF SOME OF
  • 02:39 THE MOST CELEBRATED BATTLES OF
  • 02:40 THE ANCIENT WORLD, TODAY IT IS
  • 02:43 A PEACEFUL, WELL-WATERED PLAIN
  • 02:45 KNOWN AS THE BREADBASKET
  • 02:47 OF ISRAEL.
  • 02:48 I MET HERE WITH ARCHAEOLOGIST
  • 02:50 ROSS VOSS AND ASKED HIM
  • 02:51 TO SHARE SOME INSIGHTS REGARDING
  • 02:53 THE HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE
  • 02:55 OF THIS ANCIENT CITY.
  • 02:57 I STARTED BY ASKING HIM ABOUT
  • 02:58 MEGIDDO'S STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE.
  • 03:02 Ross: WELL, THE SITE OF ANCIENT
  • 03:03 MEGIDDO SITS ON THE CROSSROADS
  • 03:05 BETWEEN THE COASTAL HIGHWAY
  • 03:07 GOING NORTH-SOUTH, AND THE MAIN
  • 03:09 EAST-WEST ROAD GOING EAST
  • 03:11 TO SYRIA AND UP TO DAMASCUS.
  • 03:13 SO IT WAS ON ONE OF THE MAIN
  • 03:15 TRADE ROUTES IN THE LEVANT
  • 03:16 IN THE BRONZE AGE
  • 03:17 AND IN THE IRON AGE.
  • 03:19 Tom: SO IT WAS ON A TRADE ROUTE
  • 03:20 AND THERE WAS A LOT OF COMMERCE
  • 03:22 GOING BACK AND FORTH FROM HERE.
  • 03:24 WHAT DID THAT MEAN ECONOMICALLY
  • 03:26 FOR THE CITY?
  • 03:27 Ross: WELL, FOR MEGIDDO,
  • 03:29 IT MEANT THAT IT COULD CONTROL
  • 03:30 THE TARIFF TRADE AND TAX A LOT
  • 03:33 OF THE COMMODITIES THAT WERE
  • 03:34 MOVING IN EITHER DIRECTION.
  • 03:36 IT ALSO WAS A VERY STRATEGIC
  • 03:38 MILITARY DEFENSIVE POSITION,
  • 03:41 WHICH WOULD CONTROL THE TRAFFIC
  • 03:43 OF ARMIES AND PEOPLES
  • 03:44 GOING IN EITHER DIRECTION.
  • 03:46 SO IT WAS ONE OF THE LARGEST
  • 03:47 AND MOST SIGNIFICANT CITY-STATES
  • 03:49 OF THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE
  • 03:51 OF THE CANAANITES,
  • 03:52 WHICH WOULD BE ROUGHLY
  • 03:53 2000 B.C. TO ABOUT 1500 B.C.,
  • 03:57 BEFORE THE EGYPTIAN ARMY
  • 03:58 TOOK OVER THIS AREA.
  • 04:00 Tom: WHAT KIND OF WARS WERE
  • 04:01 FOUGHT IN AND AROUND THIS AREA?
  • 04:03 Ross: WELL, THEIR FIRST AND
  • 04:05 MOST FAMOUS BATTLE, I WOULD SAY,
  • 04:07 WOULD BE WHEN THE CANAANITE
  • 04:08 COALITION, UNDER THE LEADERSHIP
  • 04:10 OF THE KING OF MEGIDDO, TRIED
  • 04:12 TO RESIST THE CONQUEST OF THE
  • 04:13 EGYPTIAN PHARAOH, THUTMOSE III.
  • 04:16 IT WAS THUTMOSE WHO, THROUGH
  • 04:19 A SUCCESSFUL STRATAGEM OF GOING
  • 04:21 THROUGH THE MOUNTAIN PASSES OF
  • 04:23 SAMARIA TO THE SOUTH HERE,
  • 04:24 SUCCEEDED IN SURPRISING
  • 04:26 THE CANAANITE ARMY AND DEFEATING
  • 04:28 THEM IN THE VALLEY ON THE PLAIN
  • 04:30 THAT'S IMMEDIATELY TO MY LEFT.
  • 04:32 IT WAS THIS MOMENT THAT MARKS
  • 04:34 THE END OF THE INDEPENDENCE
  • 04:35 OF THE CANAANITE CITY-STATES
  • 04:37 AND FOR THE NEXT 300 YEARS
  • 04:39 AFTER THAT THEY BECOME PART
  • 04:41 OF THE EGYPTIAN EMPIRE, AND THE
  • 04:43 EGYPTIANS THEN USE MEGIDDO AS
  • 04:45 THE MAIN ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER
  • 04:47 FOR THE NORTHERN PART OF THEIR
  • 04:48 EMPIRE IN THE LAND OF CANAAN.
  • 04:50 IT CONTROLS THE TRADE ROUTES,
  • 04:52 THE MILITARY ROUTES AND THE
  • 04:54 PASSES GOING UP TO THE GALILEE.
  • 04:57 SO THIS IS A VERY STRATEGIC
  • 04:58 PLACE FOR THE EGYPTIANS
  • 04:59 AFTER THAT.
  • 05:00 Tom: WELL, I GUESS
  • 05:02 THE ARCHAEOLOGISTS HAVE BEEN
  • 05:04 WORKING HERE SOME SIX OR SEVEN
  • 05:06 DECADES NOW AND THEY'VE MADE
  • 05:08 A LOT OF FINDS IN THE AREA.
  • 05:11 CAN YOU DESCRIBE SOME OF
  • 05:12 THE MAJOR FINDS THAT HAVE
  • 05:14 BEEN UNCOVERED HERE?
  • 05:15 Ross: WELL, WE JUST MENTIONED
  • 05:17 SOLOMON AND HE WAS
  • 05:18 ONE OF THE GREAT BUILDERS,
  • 05:21 AS WE KNOW, FROM THE TEMPLE
  • 05:22 THAT HE BUILT IN JERUSALEM
  • 05:24 AND THE PALACE THAT
  • 05:25 WAS ALSO BUILT THERE.
  • 05:26 BUT HE ALSO HAD TO FORTIFY AND
  • 05:28 DEFEND HIS KINGDOM AND EMPIRE
  • 05:30 AND HE TOOK STRATEGIC PLACES
  • 05:32 SUCH AS MEGIDDO AND HATZOR,
  • 05:34 FURTHER TO THE NORTH, CITIES
  • 05:35 THAT HAD FORMERLY BEEN UNDER THE
  • 05:36 CONTROL OF THE CANAANITES THAT
  • 05:38 WERE NOT AFFILIATED WITH ANY
  • 05:39 PARTICULAR TRIBAL INFLUENCE
  • 05:43 AND MADE THEM HIS ADMINISTRATIVE
  • 05:44 CENTERS AND WHAT THE BIBLE CALLS
  • 05:47 THE "CHARIOT CITIES," WHERE
  • 05:48 HE WOULD KEEP THE GARRISONS
  • 05:50 OF HIS SOLDIERS, HIS HORSES
  • 05:53 FOR THE CHARIOTS AND THE ARMOR
  • 05:55 TO STORE AND DEFEND THE KINGDOM
  • 05:57 IN CASE OF NEED.
  • 05:59 Tom: SO HAVE THEY FOUND ANY
  • 06:00 EVIDENCE OF THE SOLOMONIC ERA?
  • 06:03 Ross: RIGHT TO OUR LEFT
  • 06:05 WE HAVE THREE LARGE PILLARS,
  • 06:07 ACTUALLY FOUR LARGE WALLS OR
  • 06:09 PIERS AS THEY'RE CALLED, WHICH,
  • 06:10 IF THEY WERE STILL STANDING
  • 06:12 TO THEIR ORIGINAL HEIGHT,
  • 06:13 WOULD HAVE SUPPORTED ARCHES THAT
  • 06:15 WERE PART OF THE GATEWAY THAT
  • 06:16 LED INTO THE CITY OF MEGIDDO.
  • 06:18 AND THE CHARACTERISTIC
  • 06:20 ARCHITECTURE OF SOLOMON INCLUDES
  • 06:22 ARCH GATES OF FOUR CHAMBERS
  • 06:24 ON EITHER SIDE WHICH WE CALL THE
  • 06:27 SOLOMONIC GATE AND MEGIDDO IS
  • 06:29 ONE OF THE IMPORTANT EXAMPLES
  • 06:30 OF THAT.
  • 06:31 HATZOR HAS AN EVEN
  • 06:32 BETTER PRESERVED EXAMPLE AND
  • 06:34 THERE'S ANOTHER ONE AT GEZER.
  • 06:35 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO,
  • 06:37 IN THEIR EXCAVATIONS HAS REMOVED
  • 06:39 ONE HALF OF THE GATE SO THAT
  • 06:40 THEY COULD EXCAVATE TO A LOWER
  • 06:41 LEVEL OF THE CITY WHERE THEY DID
  • 06:43 FIND THE GATE OF THE CANAANITES
  • 06:44 BELOW.
  • 06:45 BUT WHAT WE'RE LOOKING AT NOW
  • 06:46 ARE THE WALLS WITH
  • 06:48 THE CHARACTERISTIC STONEWORK,
  • 06:51 THE DRESSED STONES,
  • 06:53 WHICH ARE CALLED ASHLARS,
  • 06:54 THAT WERE CUT TO MAKE THE
  • 06:56 FOUNDATIONS FOR THAT CITY WALL.
  • 07:00 Zola: SOLOMON WAS THE SON
  • 07:01 OF DAVID AND BATHSHEBA.
  • 07:03 HE WAS THE 3rd KING OF ISRAEL,
  • 07:04 RENOWNED FOR HIS WISDOM,
  • 07:06 WEALTH AND BUILDING PROJECTS.
  • 07:08 THE HIGH COST OF SUPPORTING
  • 07:10 HIS EMPIRE WHICH STRETCHED
  • 07:11 FROM EGYPT IN THE SOUTH
  • 07:13 TO MESOPOTAMIA IN THE NORTH
  • 07:14 WAS STAGGERING.
  • 07:16 I KINGS 9:15 SAYS:
  • 07:36 Tom: ARE THERE ANY OTHER FINDS
  • 07:37 THAT HAVE BEEN DISCOVERED
  • 07:38 IN THE AREA?
  • 07:39 Ross: WELL, THE UNIVERSITY
  • 07:40 OF CHICAGO EXCAVATIONS
  • 07:41 FROM THE '20s AND '30s,
  • 07:42 AND THE RENEWED EXCAVATIONS
  • 07:44 OF TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY
  • 07:46 IN THE LAST TWO YEARS,
  • 07:47 HAS EXCAVATED THE AREA
  • 07:48 OF THE GREAT CUT
  • 07:49 OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO,
  • 07:51 WHICH IS TO THE NORTHEAST.
  • 07:53 AND IN THAT GREAT CUT, THEY
  • 07:54 PENETRATED TO THE OLDER REMAINS
  • 07:56 OF THE CANAANITE CITY-STATE
  • 07:58 AND FOUND THE SACRED AREA,
  • 08:00 THE AREA OF THE TEMPLES
  • 08:02 AND PART OF THE PALACE
  • 08:04 OF THE KINGS OF MEGIDDO.
  • 08:05 AND THERE, THERE'S A VERY
  • 08:07 IMPORTANT ALTAR OF SACRIFICE
  • 08:09 WHICH GIVES US SOME IDEA
  • 08:11 OF THE KINDS OF INSTALLATIONS
  • 08:13 USED FOR THE SACRIFICE
  • 08:15 IN THE CANAANITE CULT.
  • 08:16 AND IN THE TEMPLE, WE FOUND
  • 08:17 THE REMAINS OF THE DEITIES
  • 08:18 THAT WERE WORSHIPED HERE
  • 08:20 BY THE CANAANITES--THE GOD BAAL
  • 08:24 AND THE GODDESS ASHERAH
  • 08:26 ARE FOUND IN SOME
  • 08:27 OF THE FIGURINES OF BRONZE
  • 08:28 OVERLAID WITH GOLD AND MANY
  • 08:30 OF THE OFFERINGS, THE VESSELS
  • 08:31 THAT WERE ALSO PRESENTED HERE
  • 08:33 BY THE CITIZENS AND INHABITANTS
  • 08:35 OF MEGIDDO HAVE BEEN FOUND
  • 08:37 IN THOSE EXCAVATIONS.
  • 08:38 SO THAT'S VERY SIGNIFICANT;
  • 08:40 TO LET US KNOW WHAT THE CULT
  • 08:41 OF THE CANAANITES WAS LIKE.
  • 08:42 Tom: WE'VE BEEN TALKING ABOUT
  • 08:43 THE PAST OF MEGIDDO,
  • 08:45 BUT THE BIBLE INDICATES A FUTURE
  • 08:48 FOR MEGIDDO.
  • 08:51 ARMAGEDDON IS MENTIONED
  • 08:53 IN THE BOOK OF REVELATION.
  • 08:55 WHAT IS THE CONNECTION
  • 08:57 BETWEEN ARMAGEDDON
  • 08:59 IN THE BOOK OF REVELATION
  • 09:00 AND THE SITE OF MEGIDDO?
  • 09:02 Ross: WELL, I THINK THERE'S
  • 09:03 A RELATIONSHIP BECAUSE OF
  • 09:05 THE GREAT BATTLES IN THE PAST
  • 09:07 THAT HAD OCCURRED AT MEGIDDO;
  • 09:08 BATTLES THAT WERE EPICAL
  • 09:10 AND THAT IT CHANGED
  • 09:11 THE COURSE OF HISTORY,
  • 09:12 PARTICULARLY GOING BACK
  • 09:13 TO JOSIAH AND HIS DEATH HERE
  • 09:15 IN THE PLAIN OF MEGIDDO.
  • 09:17 THAT WAS ALWAYS IN THE
  • 09:19 CONSCIENCE OF THE ISRAELITES.
  • 09:21 AND IN THE TIME OF JESUS WHEN
  • 09:24 THERE'S A NEW ANOINTED ONE,
  • 09:26 THE MESSIAH,
  • 09:28 WHICH IS WHAT ANOINTED MEANS
  • 09:30 IN ISRAELITE KINGSHIP, THAT WAS
  • 09:33 PROVIDING THE HOPE THAT, AGAIN,
  • 09:35 ISRAEL WAS GOING TO BE RESTORED
  • 09:36 UNDER A NEW DAVIDIC MESSIAH,
  • 09:39 WHICH IS ALSO MENTIONED
  • 09:40 IN REVELATION.
  • 09:41 AND THAT WITH THIS NEW MESSIAH,
  • 09:43 THERE WOULD BE ONE FINAL BATTLE
  • 09:45 THAT WOULD END ALL BATTLES
  • 09:47 AND END THE SUFFERING
  • 09:48 AND THE PROBLEMS OF PERSECUTION
  • 09:53 THAT THE PEOPLE IN THE TIME
  • 09:55 WHEN THE BOOK OF REVELATION
  • 09:56 WAS WRITTEN WERE SUFFERING.
  • 09:58 Zola: IT'S INTRIGUING THAT
  • 09:59 WHEN CHRIST RETURNS,
  • 10:00 HE WILL CONCLUDE THE FINAL WAR
  • 10:02 OF ARMAGEDDON
  • 10:03 WHICH BEGINS HERE AT MEGIDDO.
  • 10:05 THIS IS THE SAME PLACE WHERE
  • 10:07 THE LAST GOOD KING IN JERUSALEM,
  • 10:09 JOSIAH, LOST HIS LIFE
  • 10:10 FIGHTING PHARAOH NECHO.
  • 10:12 JOSIAH'S DESCENDANT,
  • 10:14 THE MESSIAH HIMSELF,
  • 10:15 WILL AVENGE JOSIAH'S DEATH AND
  • 10:17 THE MARTYRDOM OF ALL THE SAINTS,
  • 10:19 IN THIS FINAL WAR
  • 10:20 BEGINNING AT MEGIDDO.
  • 10:23 Tom: CAN YOU TELL ME HOW IT IS
  • 10:24 THAT YOU, AS AN ARCHAEOLOGIST,
  • 10:28 HAVE DEVOTED YOUR LIFE, AS
  • 10:31 IT WERE, TO THIS KIND OF WORK?
  • 10:33 WHAT MAKES IT
  • 10:35 SO IMPORTANT TO YOU?
  • 10:37 Ross: WELL, THE ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 10:39 GIVES YOU THE TANGIBLE EVIDENCE
  • 10:41 THAT LETS YOU PHYSICALLY TOUCH
  • 10:44 PERIODS OF THE PAST
  • 10:45 THAT THE TEXT WILL DESCRIBE
  • 10:48 AND PUT INTO YOUR MIND.
  • 10:50 AND THE EXCAVATIONS, THEN,
  • 10:52 PROVIDE ARTIFACTS;
  • 10:53 CLUES TO FURTHER GIVE US
  • 10:55 MUCH MORE INFORMATION
  • 10:57 TO INTERPRET WHAT THE TEXTS
  • 10:59 ARE TELLING US,
  • 11:00 BECAUSE THERE ARE MANY PASSAGES
  • 11:02 WHICH ARE RATHER CRYPTIC
  • 11:03 OR LEFT KIND OF VAGUE.
  • 11:04 WE DON'T GET A LOT OF DETAILS
  • 11:05 SOMETIMES, BUT WE ARE VERY
  • 11:07 CURIOUS TO KNOW MORE ABOUT
  • 11:10 WHAT THESE EVENTS WERE
  • 11:11 AND HOW THEY EVOLVED
  • 11:12 AND HOW THEY AFFECTED PEOPLE
  • 11:14 TO LEAD TO THE VARIOUS BELIEFS
  • 11:18 THAT WE HAVE NOW.
  • 11:19 SO TO TRY TO UNDERSTAND MY OWN
  • 11:20 BELIEFS, AND TO GET IN TOUCH
  • 11:23 WITH WHERE THOSE BELIEFS
  • 11:26 ARE FROM, I'VE JUST CHOSEN
  • 11:28 ARCHAEOLOGY HERE IN ISRAEL,
  • 11:30 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 11:31 IN PARTICULAR,
  • 11:32 TO GET AN UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT
  • 11:35 THE ORIGINS OF JUDAISM WERE,
  • 11:36 THE ORIGINS OF CHRISTIANITY,
  • 11:38 AND THEN HOW, FROM MY OWN
  • 11:40 EXPERIENCE AND MY OWN BELIEFS,
  • 11:42 I CAN UNDERSTAND ALL OF THAT
  • 11:44 AND GET SOME SATISFACTION
  • 11:47 AS WELL AS THIS CONTINUITY
  • 11:49 OF TIME THAT IS FOUND
  • 11:50 HERE ON THESE MOUNDS,
  • 11:51 WHICH ARE LARGE LAYER CAKES
  • 11:53 OF TIME MACHINES, REALLY,
  • 11:55 OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATION.
  • 11:58 Tom: DO YOU BELIEVE THAT
  • 11:59 ARCHAEOLOGY HAS HELPED
  • 12:00 ILLUMINATE THE SCRIPTURES
  • 12:02 TO A GREAT DEGREE?
  • 12:04 Ross: WITHOUT QUESTION.
  • 12:05 IF WE DIDN'T HAVE ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 12:06 IN THE LAND OVER THE LAST
  • 12:09 100 YEARS, WE WOULD STILL BE
  • 12:12 SOMEWHAT SKEPTICAL, PERHAPS,
  • 12:15 OF THE HISTORICITY
  • 12:16 OF THE BIBLICAL TEXT,
  • 12:17 BECAUSE WE WOULDN'T HAVE
  • 12:18 ANY OTHER MEASURE FOR TESTING
  • 12:20 AND AUGMENTING OUR KNOWLEDGE.
  • 12:23 AND, IN SCIENCE,
  • 12:25 AND WE LIVE IN A SCIENTIFIC AGE,
  • 12:26 THEY ALWAYS WANT TO HAVE
  • 12:27 EXPERIMENTS WHICH CAN
  • 12:30 DEMONSTRATE WITH OTHER MEANS
  • 12:31 OF EVIDENCE WHETHER SOMETHING
  • 12:33 IS VERIFIABLE OR NOT.
  • 12:35 SO THE EXCAVATIONS HAVE ENABLED
  • 12:37 US TO COME UP WITH NEW DATA,
  • 12:38 NEW INSCRIPTIONS LIKE
  • 12:40 THE DAN INSCRIPTION, THAT
  • 12:41 MENTIONED THE HOUSE OF DAVID,
  • 12:43 BEIT DAVID,
  • 12:44 AND THE NAME OF A COUPLE
  • 12:45 OF ITS KINGS.
  • 12:46 AND WE HAVE HERE EXCAVATIONS
  • 12:48 WITH TABLETS FROM THE BRONZE AGE
  • 12:50 THAT MENTION SOME
  • 12:51 OF THE CANAANITE KINGS
  • 12:52 FROM BEFORE THAT.
  • 12:53 SO ALL OF THAT HELPS US
  • 12:55 UNDERSTAND THE BIBLICAL PAST
  • 12:58 AND MAKES IT MORE RELEVANT AND
  • 13:02 MORE ASSERTIVE FOR OURSELVES.
  • 13:04 ♪ ♪
  • 13:10 Zola: COMING UP...
  • 13:11 WE'LL FIND OUT WHY
  • 13:12 ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARE SO EXCITED
  • 13:13 ABOUT RECENT FINDS
  • 13:15 IN THE ASHES OF HATZOR.
  • 13:26 Announcer: FOR INSIGHTFUL
  • 13:27 PERSPECTIVES OF ISRAEL
  • 13:28 AND BIBLE PROPHECY, ASK FOR
  • 13:30 OUR FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER
  • 13:32 "THE LEVITT LETTER."
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  • 13:35 FOR OUR FREE CATALOG
  • 13:36 WITH THE LATEST VIDEOS,
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  • 13:40 OUR CORRESPONDENCE COURSE,
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  • 13:49 ON AN UPCOMING TOUR OF ISRAEL
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  • 14:03 ♪ ♪
  • 14:18 ♪ ♪
  • 14:37 Myles: WE WOULD LOVE TO HOST YOU
  • 14:38 IN ISRAEL.
  • 14:39 IT'S OUR DELIGHT TO BRING TOURS
  • 14:40 THERE TO SEE PILGRIMS HAVE
  • 14:42 THEIR FAITH STRENGTHENED
  • 14:43 AND THE WORD COME ALIVE.
  • 14:45 SO COME WITH US TO ISRAEL.
  • 14:46 YOU CAN GET IN TOUCH
  • 14:47 WITH TRACIE, OUR TRAVEL MANAGER,
  • 14:49 AT 1-800-WONDERS OR LEVITT.COM
  • 14:52 TO FIND OUT ABOUT COMING WITH US
  • 14:53 TO ISRAEL.
  • 14:54 THIS WEEK OUR OFFER IS
  • 14:57 "DISCOVERING OUR JEWISH ROOTS"
  • 14:59 THIS IS A GREAT JEWISH ROOTS 101
  • 15:02 STUDY.
  • 15:03 MAYBE YOU'RE NOT READY FOR THE
  • 15:04 INSTITUTE OF JEWISH-CHRISTIAN
  • 15:05 STUDIES WHICH IS A BIBLE COLLEGE
  • 15:07 COURSE LEVEL.
  • 15:08 THIS WILL HELP YOU BEGIN
  • 15:09 YOUR JOURNEY OF UNDERSTANDING
  • 15:11 THE ROOTS OF YOUR FAITH
  • 15:12 SO WE REALLY RECOMMEND IT.
  • 15:13 Katharine: I LOVE IT.
  • 15:14 I'VE GOTTEN A LOT OUT OF IT.
  • 15:16 AND I ALSO LOVE BRINGING YOU--
  • 15:18 WE LOVE BRINGING YOU THESE
  • 15:19 PROGRAMS, BUT WE CAN'T DO IT
  • 15:20 WITHOUT YOUR CONTINUAL SUPPORT.
  • 15:22 SO THANK YOU FOR CONSIDERING TO
  • 15:24 SUPPORT THIS MINISTRY, SO WE CAN
  • 15:26 BRING YOU THESE TIMELY MESSAGES
  • 15:29 FROM ISRAEL.
  • 15:30 AND NOW BACK TO ISRAEL
  • 15:32 TO HEAR MORE ABOUT
  • 15:33 THE STONES CRYING OUT.
  • 15:37 Zola: THIS IS THE TEL,
  • 15:38 OR ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE,
  • 15:39 OF THE ANCIENT BIBLICAL CITY
  • 15:41 CALLED HATZOR.
  • 15:42 IN THE KING JAMES BIBLE,
  • 15:44 THE NAME IS WRITTEN AS THOUGH
  • 15:45 IT WERE HA'-ZOR, BUT IN TODAY'S
  • 15:47 HEBREW, HA'-ZOR IS SPELLED
  • 15:50 PHONETICALLY WITH A "T",
  • 15:51 BECOMING HAT-ZOR.
  • 15:53 WE'VE ALREADY SEEN THAT HATZOR
  • 15:55 WAS IMPORTANT TO KING SOLOMON,
  • 15:56 ALONG WITH MEGIDDO
  • 15:57 AND JERUSALEM.
  • 15:59 BEFORE SOLOMON, HOWEVER, IT HAD
  • 16:01 BEEN A CANAANITE CITY, DELIVERED
  • 16:02 INTO THE HAND OF ISRAEL
  • 16:04 THROUGH THE EXPLOITS OF JOSHUA.
  • 16:06 JOSHUA 11:11 SAYS:
  • 16:21 TOM TALKS NOW WITH AMNON BEN-TOR
  • 16:23 ABOUT THE RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL
  • 16:25 FINDINGS IN THE RUINS OF HATZOR.
  • 16:28 Tom: IT'S GOOD TO BE WITH YOU,
  • 16:29 AMNON, IN THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY
  • 16:31 AND THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM
  • 16:33 YOU HAVE HERE.
  • 16:34 I UNDERSTAND YOU BEING IN CHARGE
  • 16:37 OF THE HATZOR EXCAVATIONS,
  • 16:41 YOU'VE MADE MANY
  • 16:42 INTERESTING FINDS,
  • 16:44 AND ONE OF THE MOST INTERESTING,
  • 16:45 IS THE CANAANITE DEITY.
  • 16:48 CAN YOU DESCRIBE THIS FOR US?
  • 16:49 Amnon: FIRST OF ALL, IT'S ONE
  • 16:50 OF THE CANAANITE DEITIES,
  • 16:52 BECAUSE WE HAVE A FEW.
  • 16:53 BUT THIS IS THE MOST,
  • 16:55 HOW SHALL I SAY IT, IMPRESSIVE
  • 16:57 ONE OR LARGEST OF ALL.
  • 16:59 IT'S DEFINITELY THE BIGGEST ONE
  • 17:01 FOUND IN THIS COUNTRY
  • 17:02 AND, I THINK, ALSO,
  • 17:03 THERE IS NOTHING SIMILAR.
  • 17:05 THAT'S ONE BIG PROBLEM,
  • 17:06 BECAUSE WE DON'T HAVE ANYTHING
  • 17:07 TO COMPARE IT WITH.
  • 17:09 IT WAS FOUND, AS YOU CAN SEE,
  • 17:10 IT WAS SMASHED INTO HUNDREDS OF
  • 17:12 PIECES AND IT WAS FOUND IN THE
  • 17:14 DESTRUCTION LEVEL OF THE PALACE.
  • 17:17 IT WAS FOUND IN THE THRONE ROOM
  • 17:18 ON THE RIGHT-HAND SIDE
  • 17:19 AS YOU ENTER THE THRONE ROOM.
  • 17:21 Tom: IT'S MADE OF STONE?
  • 17:22 Amnon: IT'S MADE OF BASALT.
  • 17:23 Tom: BASALT.
  • 17:24 Amnon: VERY, VERY HARD STONE,
  • 17:25 BUT IT CRACKED.
  • 17:26 HERE WE HAVE A PROBLEM.
  • 17:27 MAYBE I'LL RETURN TO THIS LATER.
  • 17:29 WHAT PART OF THE DESTRUCTION WAS
  • 17:31 CAUSED ACCIDENTALLY BY THE FIRE,
  • 17:33 AND WHAT PART WAS CAUSED,
  • 17:35 IF AT ALL, INTENTIONALLY?
  • 17:36 BECAUSE SEVERAL OTHERS OF
  • 17:38 THE STATUES, DEITIES AS WELL AS,
  • 17:39 HOW SHOULD I SAY IT,
  • 17:41 HUMANS, KINGS,
  • 17:42 WERE DELIBERATELY DESTROYED
  • 17:44 AS PART OF THE DESTRUCTION
  • 17:46 OF HATZOR, AND THAT'S
  • 17:48 A VERY, VERY IMPORTANT ISSUE.
  • 17:49 BUT, RETURNING TO THIS ONE,
  • 17:51 FIRST OF ALL, IT'S UNUSUAL
  • 17:55 AS I ALREADY SAID.
  • 17:56 SECOND, WE CAN NOT IDENTIFY IT
  • 17:59 YET; IT HAS ONLY BEEN
  • 18:00 PUT TOGETHER A FEW WEEKS AGO,
  • 18:03 AND THE STUDY OF IT HAS NOT YET
  • 18:05 BEEN STARTED.
  • 18:07 TEMPORARILY, WE CALL HIM
  • 18:10 "THE LORD OF PUNCH,"
  • 18:11 BECAUSE OF THIS HUGE BOWL,
  • 18:13 WHICH WE HAVE HERE.
  • 18:15 AND HE WAS HOLDING A CUP
  • 18:16 IN HIS RIGHT HAND.
  • 18:18 YOU CAN SEE THE NEGATIVE
  • 18:19 OF THE CUP.
  • 18:20 SO THE CUP WAS MADE
  • 18:21 OUT OF A DIFFERENT MATERIAL.
  • 18:22 MANY OF THESE DEITIES HOLD A CUP
  • 18:25 IN THEIR HANDS.
  • 18:26 IN ART,
  • 18:27 LIKE IN THE CYLINDER SEALS,
  • 18:28 IN GLYPTICS AND SO ON
  • 18:30 SO HE HELD THE CUP IN HIS HAND,
  • 18:32 BUT THIS CUP WAS REMOVABLE.
  • 18:33 OKAY?
  • 18:34 THERE WAS SOME LIQUID IN HERE.
  • 18:36 WE DON'T KNOW WHICH KIND.
  • 18:37 THERE WAS PROBABLY A CONNECTION
  • 18:39 BETWEEN THE LIQUID AND THE CUP.
  • 18:41 WHAT EXACTLY WAS GOING ON,
  • 18:43 WE DON'T KNOW.
  • 18:44 AS I TOLD YOU, WE DON'T HAVE
  • 18:46 ANYTHING SIMILAR YET.
  • 18:47 Tom: IT'S ASSUMED, I SUPPOSE,
  • 18:48 THAT THIS WAS SOME KIND
  • 18:49 OF OFFERING RECEPTACLE AND...
  • 18:52 Amnon: LET'S ASSUME, OR LET'S
  • 18:55 HYPOTHESIZE THERE WAS SOME OIL
  • 18:57 OR SOME WINE IN HERE.
  • 18:58 PEOPLE WOULD COME
  • 18:59 AND EITHER DRINK IT
  • 19:00 OR POUR IT ON THEMSELVES,
  • 19:01 OR DO SOMETHING WITH IT.
  • 19:03 ANOTHER VERY IMPORTANT FEATURE
  • 19:05 HERE, AS YOU CAN SEE,
  • 19:06 THERE IS NO HEAD.
  • 19:07 Tom: YES.
  • 19:08 Amnon: BUT THE HEAD, UP HERE
  • 19:09 YOU'LL SEE A KIND OF A HOLE
  • 19:11 TO CONTAIN A HEAD.
  • 19:14 SO THE HEAD WAS DEFINITELY
  • 19:15 MADE OF DIFFERENT MATERIAL,
  • 19:17 MAYBE OF WOOD COVERED WITH GOLD,
  • 19:21 OR SOME KIND OF MATERIAL.
  • 19:22 BUT THE HEAD IS GONE.
  • 19:24 SO WE'RE VERY, VERY SORRY,
  • 19:26 OF COURSE, THAT THE HEAD
  • 19:27 IS GONE, BUT LET'S BE HAPPY WITH
  • 19:28 WHAT WAS--WITH WHAT WE HAVE.
  • 19:31 Tom: YOU MENTIONED DESTRUCTION.
  • 19:32 THERE'S EVIDENCE OF DEFINITE
  • 19:36 DESTRUCTION OF THE CITY
  • 19:37 OF HATZOR.
  • 19:38 Amnon: THERE IS EVIDENCE
  • 19:39 OF A MASSIVE DESTRUCTION.
  • 19:41 I ONCE CALLED IT
  • 19:42 THE MOTHER OF ALL DESTRUCTIONS.
  • 19:43 IN HATZOR, WHEREVER YOU COME
  • 19:46 DOWN TO THE END
  • 19:47 OF THE CANAANITE STRATA,
  • 19:49 YOU COME UPON THIS DESTRUCTION.
  • 19:51 IT IS AN UNBELIEVABLE
  • 19:52 DESTRUCTION, WHICH IS FOUND
  • 19:55 AGAIN EVERYWHERE AND LEFT BEHIND
  • 19:56 THICK DEBRIS OF ASHES.
  • 19:59 THERE WAS A TERRIBLE FIRE
  • 20:01 IN THE PALACE; SO MUCH SO,
  • 20:03 THAT THE BRICKS LIQUEFIED.
  • 20:07 SOME OF THE VESSELS,
  • 20:08 THE CLAY VESSELS, MELTED.
  • 20:10 WE CAN CLEARLY SAY
  • 20:11 THAT THE TEMPERATURE WAS MORE
  • 20:12 THAN 1,200 DEGREES CENTIGRADE.
  • 20:14 WHEN A NORMAL FIRE IS HALF;
  • 20:17 IT'S ABOUT 600 TO 700 DEGREES.
  • 20:19 SO HOW DID THIS HAPPEN?
  • 20:21 WE FOUND EVIDENCE OF A LOT
  • 20:24 OF TIMBER WHICH WAS USED IN
  • 20:26 THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE PALACE.
  • 20:28 IT'S MUD BRICK AND TIMBER.
  • 20:30 BY THE WAY, THE TIMBER
  • 20:31 IS ALL LEBANON CEDAR; ALL OF IT.
  • 20:33 ALL OF THE 10 PIECES THAT
  • 20:34 WE SAW--11 PIECES THAT WE SAW--
  • 20:36 Tom: IMPORTED FROM LEBANON
  • 20:37 Amnon: FROM LEBANON, YES,
  • 20:38 WHICH, AGAIN, SHOWS YOU HOW
  • 20:39 IMPORTANT THE BUILDING WAS, JUST
  • 20:41 LIKE THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM,
  • 20:43 IMPORTED TIMBER FROM LEBANON.
  • 20:45 SO THIS IS NUMBER ONE.
  • 20:46 MAYBE EVEN, AND THIS IS
  • 20:48 SOMETHING WE STARTED THINKING
  • 20:49 ABOUT OVER THE LAST SEASON AND
  • 20:51 MAYBE THIS SEASON WE FOUND MORE
  • 20:52 PROOF FOR IT, EVEN THOUGH IT'S
  • 20:54 VERY DIFFICULT FOR ME TO ACCEPT,
  • 20:55 THE ENTIRE FLOOR OF THE PALACE
  • 20:57 WAS A PARQUET FLOOR.
  • 20:58 THE ENTIRE FLOOR WAS BUILT
  • 20:59 OF THIN WOOD, WOODEN PLANKS;
  • 21:02 WE FOUND QUITE A FEW OF THEM.
  • 21:03 SO THIS IS ONE.
  • 21:04 TWO, IF YOU LOOK AT THESE
  • 21:05 ENORMOUS JARS, THIS ONE HERE,
  • 21:07 THIS COMES FROM THE PALACE
  • 21:09 AND WE HAVE DOZENS OF THEM
  • 21:10 IN THE PALACE, IN SOME OF THEM,
  • 21:12 MAYBE ALL OF THEM,
  • 21:13 BUT IN SOME WE CAN PROVE IT,
  • 21:14 THEY CONTAINED OIL.
  • 21:15 THE OIL IS NOT THERE ANYMORE,
  • 21:17 BUT THE SPILLAGE AND THE FIRE
  • 21:19 LEFT VERY, VERY DISTINCTIVE
  • 21:21 MARKS.
  • 21:22 SO YOU HAVE TIMBER,
  • 21:24 YOU HAVE OIL, AND YOU TOLD ME
  • 21:26 YOU WERE AT HATZOR,
  • 21:27 IF YOU WERE THERE
  • 21:28 IN THE AFTERNOON
  • 21:30 DO YOU REMEMBER THE WIND?
  • 21:31 THE WIND THERE IS UNBELIEVABLE,
  • 21:32 AT HATZOR.
  • 21:33 PUT THESE THREE TOGETHER,
  • 21:35 YOU'LL GET HIS KIND OF FIRE.
  • 21:36 Tom: VERY INTENSE HEAT.
  • 21:37 Amnon: VERY INTENSE HEAT.
  • 21:39 SO THIS FIRE DESTROYED A LOT,
  • 21:42 BUT ALSO PRESERVED A LOT.
  • 21:43 THE BRICKS ARE AS HARD AS STONE.
  • 21:45 IT DESTROYED THIS STATUE.
  • 21:47 MAYBE NOT ALL OF THE DESTRUCTION
  • 21:49 OF IT WAS CAUSED BY FIRE,
  • 21:50 BUT ALL THE STONES EXPLODED,
  • 21:52 BUT SOME STONE EXPLODED
  • 21:53 BECAUSE OF THE FIRE.
  • 21:54 THEY ALL CRACKED,
  • 21:55 LET'S PUT IT LIKE THIS.
  • 21:57 SO AND IF YOU GO BACK
  • 21:59 TO THE BOOK OF JOSHUA,
  • 22:00 YOU MAY REMEMBER
  • 22:01 THAT IN THE STORY
  • 22:03 OF THE DESTRUCTION OF HATZOR,
  • 22:05 IT SAYS THAT HATZOR,
  • 22:06 AFTER KILLING ALL OF THE PEOPLE,
  • 22:07 THE ISRAELITES SET HATZOR
  • 22:09 ON FIRE AND IT WAS ONLY HATZOR
  • 22:11 THAT WAS DESTROYED BY FIRE.
  • 22:12 IT'S NOT ONLY HATZOR.
  • 22:14 BY EXCAVATING OTHER SITES,
  • 22:16 WE KNOW THAT OTHER SITES
  • 22:17 WERE ALSO DESTROYED BY FIRE.
  • 22:18 BUT MAYBE THE TERM WAS PART OF,
  • 22:22 HOW SHOULD I CALL IT,
  • 22:23 THE COMMON LANGUAGE.
  • 22:24 WHEN YOU WANT TO SAY THAT
  • 22:25 THE PLACE WAS UTTERLY DESTROYED,
  • 22:27 YOU ALSO THROW THE FIRE IN.
  • 22:29 AND IN THE CASE OF HATZOR,
  • 22:30 THEY WERE INTERESTED
  • 22:31 TO TELL ABOUT HOW INTENSIVE
  • 22:34 THE DESTRUCTION OF HATZOR WAS
  • 22:36 AND THE REASON GIVEN,
  • 22:37 BECAUSE HATZOR WAS ONCE
  • 22:39 THE HEAD OF ALL THOSE KINGDOMS,
  • 22:40 THE MOST IMPORTANT
  • 22:41 OF THE CANAANITE CITY-STATES.
  • 22:58 Zola: HERE, IN THE ANCIENT CITY
  • 22:59 OF HATZOR, THE STONES CRY OUT
  • 23:01 WITH EVIDENCE OF INCREDIBLE
  • 23:02 DESTRUCTION.
  • 23:04 IT WAS ALL PART OF GOD'S
  • 23:05 ETERNAL PLAN AND PROVISION
  • 23:06 FOR HIS CHOSEN PEOPLE.
  • 23:08 JUST RECENTLY, THIS RELATIVELY
  • 23:10 UNASSUMING SITE WAS READ ABOUT
  • 23:12 WORLDWIDE WHEN A COUPLE OF SMALL
  • 23:14 CLAY TABLETS WERE DISCOVERED.
  • 23:16 BEN-TOR WAS QUOTED AS SAYING
  • 23:18 THE TABLETS ARE QUOTE
  • 23:20 "IN MY OPINION, THE MOST
  • 23:22 IMPORTANT OF ALL DOCUMENTS
  • 23:24 FOUND IN THIS COUNTRY."
  • 23:28 Tom: ALSO, WE UNDERSTAND
  • 23:29 IN THIS MARVELOUS PALACE,
  • 23:31 THE THINGS THAT YOU FOUND,
  • 23:32 THERE HAVE BEEN SOME TABLETS
  • 23:35 AND INSCRIPTIONS,
  • 23:37 AND THE HOPE OF MORE.
  • 23:39 WHAT HAVE YOU FOUND ALREADY?
  • 23:41 Amnon: I AM VERY GLAD
  • 23:42 THAT YOU SAY "ALSO,"
  • 23:43 BECAUSE IT MEANS THAT THESE
  • 23:45 ARE NOT LESS IMPORTANT.
  • 23:46 BECAUSE OTHER PEOPLE SAY,
  • 23:47 "FORGET ALL THIS.
  • 23:48 WHERE IS THE ARCHIVE?"
  • 23:49 THIS IS WHAT EVERYBODY
  • 23:50 KEEPS ASKING.
  • 23:51 AND THIS IS INDEED
  • 23:52 A BIG PROBLEM.
  • 23:53 WE ARE LOOKING FOR AN ARCHIVE,
  • 23:54 OF COURSE, BECAUSE AN ARCHIVE
  • 23:56 CAN GIVE US UNBELIEVABLE
  • 23:59 INFORMATION.
  • 24:00 THERE'S A LOT WE CAN SAY
  • 24:01 ABOUT THIS.
  • 24:02 BUT THINK FOR A MINUTE
  • 24:03 THAT WE HAVE AN INSCRIPTION
  • 24:04 SAYING THAT THIS IS SO AND SO,
  • 24:05 BUILT BY SO AND SO,
  • 24:06 WE WOULD KNOW A LOT MORE.
  • 24:08 OKAY?
  • 24:09 IT'S NOT--IT'S A DIFFERENT
  • 24:10 DIMENSION OF KNOWLEDGE
  • 24:11 ONCE YOU HAVE THE ARCHIVE.
  • 24:13 AND SO MUCH WAS WRITTEN
  • 24:15 ABOUT HATZOR AND MARI AND
  • 24:17 THERE MUST HAVE BEEN AN ARCHIVE.
  • 24:19 WE ARE GETTING AS WE GO ON,
  • 24:21 MORE AND MORE AND MORE PROOF
  • 24:22 THAT THERE WAS ONE.
  • 24:23 Tom: DO YOU HAVE SOME OF THOSE
  • 24:26 TABLETS THAT HAVE BEEN FOUND?
  • 24:27 Amnon: I HAPPEN TO HAVE TWO OF
  • 24:30 THOSE FOUND IN THE LAST SEASON.
  • 24:32 EACH AND EVERY ONE, I'LL TELL
  • 24:33 YOU, IT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT
  • 24:34 AND THE MOST EXCITING.
  • 24:36 THIS ONE HERE;
  • 24:38 THIS IS OF THE 18th CENTURY
  • 24:41 AND THIS IS A SCHOOL TEXT.
  • 24:43 THIS IS A MULTIPLICATION TABLE.
  • 24:45 AS YOU KNOW, THE BABYLONIANS,
  • 24:47 OF WHICH WE WERE A PART,
  • 24:48 CULTURALLY SPEAKING...
  • 24:51 Tom: FATHER ABRAHAM, PERHAPS.
  • 24:54 Amnon: WHATEVER...PERHAPS.
  • 24:57 THEY WERE WORKING,
  • 24:59 THEIR MATHEMATICS WAS BASED ON,
  • 25:00 NOT ON THE DECIMAL SYSTEM
  • 25:01 AS OURS,
  • 25:03 BUT ON THE SEXAGESIMAL SYSTEM.
  • 25:05 OKAY, LIKE OUR WATCH; 60.
  • 25:07 LIKE OUR MONTH; 30.
  • 25:09 LIKE OUR YEAR; 360.
  • 25:11 WHICH, BY THE WAY,
  • 25:12 IS MUCH MORE LOGICAL BECAUSE
  • 25:14 10 YOU CAN DIVIDE ONLY BY 2,
  • 25:16 BY 5 AND BY ITSELF, BY 10.
  • 25:17 BUT 60 YOU CAN DIVIDE
  • 25:20 BY 2, BY 3, BY 4, BY 5, BY 6,
  • 25:23 BY 10, BY 12, BY 15.
  • 25:26 BUT SOMEHOW WE ARE USING
  • 25:28 A DIFFERENT SYSTEM.
  • 25:29 BUT THIS ONE HERE IS BUILT
  • 25:30 ACCORDING TO THAT SYSTEM.
  • 25:32 SO HERE WE HAVE A SCHOOL TEXT
  • 25:33 IN WHICH THE PUPIL
  • 25:36 LEARNS TWO THINGS.
  • 25:37 FIRST OF ALL,
  • 25:38 HE LEARNS HOW TO WRITE;
  • 25:39 HOW TO WRITE 2, HOW TO WRITE 3,
  • 25:41 HOW TO WRITE 6, HOW TO WRITE 9.
  • 25:43 HE ALSO LEARNS
  • 25:44 THE MULTIPLICATION TABLE,
  • 25:45 BECAUSE HERE IT SAYS,
  • 25:47 2 TIMES 3 IS 6; 3 TIMES 2 IS 6;
  • 25:50 3 TIMES 6 IS 18 AND SO ON,
  • 25:54 ON AND SO ON AND SO FORTH.
  • 25:56 SO HE LEARNS, FIRST OF ALL,
  • 25:57 HOW TO WRITE THE NUMBERS.
  • 25:58 SECOND,
  • 25:59 HOW TO DO THE MULTIPLICATION.
  • 26:01 AND THIS IS A MASTER TEXT.
  • 26:02 THIS IS NOT THE WORK
  • 26:04 OF A STUDENT.
  • 26:05 IT IS THE MASTER
  • 26:06 FROM WHICH THE STUDENTS COPIED.
  • 26:08 AND, BY THE WAY, IT'S THE FIRST
  • 26:10 ONE OF ITS KIND TO BE FOUND
  • 26:12 SO FAR AWAY WEST
  • 26:13 FROM THE CENTER,
  • 26:16 LET'S SAY IN MESOPOTAMIA
  • 26:17 OR IN BABYLON.
  • 26:19 SO IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT
  • 26:20 AND SOME PEOPLE ARE ALREADY
  • 26:22 WORKING ON TRYING TO PUBLISH IT.
  • 26:24 AND IT WILL BE PUBLISHED, I
  • 26:26 HOPE, WITHIN A MONTH OR TWO IN
  • 26:28 THE ISRAEL EXPLORATION JOURNAL.
  • 26:31 Katharine: IT WAS SO EXCITING
  • 26:32 WHEN ONE OF OUR PILGRIMS,
  • 26:34 THE PEOPLE THAT COME
  • 26:35 WITH US ON TOURS,
  • 26:36 WE CALL OURSELVES "PILGRIMS"
  • 26:37 BECAUSE WE'RE JOURNEYING
  • 26:38 IN THE LAND OF GOD'S COVENANT.
  • 26:40 AND WHEN ONE OF OUR PILGRIMS
  • 26:41 FOUND THIS COIN,
  • 26:42 THE ARCHAEOLOGIST'S FACE LIT UP.
  • 26:46 IT WAS LIKE HE'D FOUND,
  • 26:47 WELL, YEAH, HE HAD--HE FOUND
  • 26:49 A TREASURE FROM THE PAST
  • 26:51 VERIFYING, AND HE SAID,
  • 26:52 "OH, I'VE JUST BEEN STUDYING
  • 26:54 ABOUT THE MACCABEAN PERIOD."
  • 26:56 AND HOW IMPORTANT IT WAS FOR HIM
  • 26:58 ESTABLISHING THE JEWISH
  • 26:59 PRESENCE, ESTABLISHING THAT
  • 27:01 THE JEWS HAD BEEN IN THE LAND,
  • 27:03 WILL CONTINUE IN THE LAND.
  • 27:05 AND WE'RE COMING ALONGSIDE
  • 27:06 TO LITERALLY HELP THEM
  • 27:08 STAND IN THE PLACE
  • 27:09 THAT GOD'S GIVEN THEM TO STAND.
  • 27:11 Myles: THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 27:12 Katharine: ARCHAEOLOGY
  • 27:13 MAKES YOUR FAITH COME--
  • 27:14 IT HELPS ESTABLISH YOUR FAITH.
  • 27:16 Myles: IT DOES;
  • 27:17 IT STRENGTHENS YOUR FAITH.
  • 27:18 MANY OF YOU ARE TRYING TO LEARN
  • 27:19 MORE ABOUT YOUR ROOTS AND
  • 27:20 YOUR JEWISH ROOTS IN THE FAITH.
  • 27:22 Katharine: IT'S WONDERFUL.
  • 27:23 Myles: ANOTHER WAY TO LEARN
  • 27:24 IS BY OUR
  • 27:25 "DISCOVERING OUR JEWISH ROOTS"
  • 27:26 CD STUDY.
  • 27:28 THIS IS A NINE-CD PACKET.
  • 27:29 IT'S OUR RESOURCE TODAY.
  • 27:31 AND IT WILL HELP YOU REALLY
  • 27:32 BEGIN TO UNDERSTAND WHERE YOU
  • 27:35 COME FROM, WHERE THE FAITH OF
  • 27:36 ABRAHAM COMES FROM AND HOW YOU
  • 27:38 ARE BY FAITH A CHILD OF ABRAHAM
  • 27:40 CONNECTED TO THE JEWISH PEOPLE
  • 27:42 AND TO ISRAEL.
  • 27:44 UNTIL WE SEE YOU AGAIN,
  • 27:45 REMEMBER...
  • 27:46 SHAL'ALU SHALOM YERUSHALAYIM
  • 27:48 Katharine: PRAY FOR THE PEACE
  • 27:49 OF JERUSALEM.
  • 27:52 Male Singer: ♪ LORD GOD, CREATOR OF HEAVEN ♪
  • 27:59 ♪ LORD GOD, WE BRING FORTH YOUR PRAISES ♪
  • 28:07 ♪ THE EARTH STANDS A TRIBUTE TO GLORY ♪
  • 28:16 ♪ STONES TELL YOUR WONDERFUL STORY. ♪♪
  • 28:24 CAPTION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. www.captiontech.com
  • 28:26 Announcer: THIS HAS BEEN A PAID PROGRAM, BROUGHT TO YOU BY:

Episodes in this series

  1. The Tunnel
  2. A Tale of Two Temples
  3. Rulers in Stone
  4. The Jerusalem That Was
  5. Past and Future Destruction
  6. Archaeology and the Scriptures
  7. Cities of the Past
  8. Shadows from the Past
  9. A Tale of Three Cities
  10. The Rose Red City
  11. A Man Crucified
  12. Truth from the Stones

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