The Jewish roots of Christianity

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Episode: “A Man Crucified”
On display at the Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem, a man’s heel bone that was pierced by a nail is the first archaeological proof of Roman crucifixions in Israel.
Series: “The Stones Cry Out (2012)”
In recent decades, many marvelous, new archaeological discoveries have greatly illuminated and validated the biblical record. In order to film the archaeological sites and interview the experts, Zola Levitt, Thomas McCall, and the production crew of Zola Levitt Presents journeyed to Israel and Jordan. We found that, just as our Lord said about this remarkable Land, indeed The Stones Cry Out. (Luke 19:40) Myles and Katharine Weiss host this encore presentation, examining the archaeological discoveries that shed light on the Bible.

Caption transcript for The Stones Cry Out (2012): “A Man Crucified” (11/12)

  • 00:02 (♪ "The Stones Cry Out" ♪)
  • 00:24 Male Singer: ♪ IF NO ONE STANDS TO SPEAK, ♪
  • 00:29 ♪ IF NO ONE PRAYS, ♪
  • 00:35 ♪ THESE VERY STONES CRY OUT ♪
  • 00:41 ♪ "I AM." ♪♪
  • 00:47 Myles: SHALOM AND WELCOME
  • 00:48 TO ZOLA LEVITT PRESENTS.
  • 00:49 I'M MYLES WEISS.
  • 00:50 Katharine: AND I'M
  • 00:51 KATHARINE WEISS.
  • 00:52 Myles: AND WE ARE CONTINUING OUR
  • 00:53 SERIES, "THE STONES CRY OUT."
  • 00:55 THIS IS AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL LOOK
  • 00:57 AT THE BIBLE, REALLY VERIFYING
  • 00:59 THE TRUTH OF THE BIBLE
  • 01:01 AS WELL AS THE REALITY
  • 01:02 OF THE JEWISH PRESENCE IN
  • 01:04 THE LAND FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS,
  • 01:06 THINGS THAT ARE BEING DISPUTED
  • 01:07 TODAY.
  • 01:08 ANOTHER THING THAT'S BEEN
  • 01:09 QUESTIONED IS WHETHER
  • 01:10 THE CRUCIFIXION WAS REALLY TRUE
  • 01:11 BECAUSE IT'S SUCH
  • 01:12 A HORRIBLE DEATH.
  • 01:13 AND IN THIS PROGRAM,
  • 01:14 IT'S VERY SOBERING; WE'RE GOING
  • 01:16 TO SEE EVIDENCE OF CRUCIFIXION
  • 01:18 WHICH IS BEING UNEARTHED
  • 01:19 IN OUR ERA.
  • 01:20 REALLY, IT'S QUITE SOBERING
  • 01:23 AND YOU'RE GOING TO SEE THE
  • 01:24 MEDICAL EFFECTS OF CRUCIFIXION
  • 01:26 AND THE HORRIBLE MEANS
  • 01:28 THAT IT WAS OF EXECUTING PEOPLE.
  • 01:30 Katharine: AND WHAT JESUS
  • 01:31 WENT THROUGH FOR OUR SALVATION.
  • 01:32 Myles: EXACTLY...WHAT
  • 01:34 HE SACRIFICED ON OUR BEHALF.
  • 01:36 THIS IS A VERY TOUCHING PROGRAM,
  • 01:38 SO I'M LOOKING FORWARD TO YOU
  • 01:39 SEEING THIS AND HEARING BACK
  • 01:40 FROM YOU ABOUT IT.
  • 01:41 Katharine: RIGHT, IT'S ALMOST...
  • 01:43 YOU DON'T WANT TO TURN AWAY,
  • 01:45 BUT PREPARE YOURSELVES
  • 01:47 FOR THIS PROGRAM BECAUSE
  • 01:48 YOU'LL SEE THE PRICE THAT
  • 01:50 JESUS PAID FOR BOTH YOU AND I,
  • 01:52 AND ALL HUMANITY,
  • 01:54 TO HAVE RELATIONSHIP WITH HIM.
  • 01:55 WE WANT TO MAKE YOU AWARE OF
  • 01:57 AN OFFER THAT WE HAVE FOR YOU.
  • 02:00 IT'S "DISCOVERING
  • 02:01 YOUR JEWISH ROOTS."
  • 02:02 IT'S A NINE-CD BIBLE STUDY AND
  • 02:04 IT'S A WONDERFUL IN-DEPTH STUDY
  • 02:06 AND WE JUST WOULD LOVE YOU
  • 02:07 TO GET IT
  • 02:08 AND LEARN ABOUT YOUR ROOTS
  • 02:10 IN YOUR CHRISTIAN FAITH.
  • 02:12 Myles: EXACTLY, THE CHRISTIAN
  • 02:13 FAITH HAS ROOTS IN JUDAISM
  • 02:15 AND IN JEWISH LIFE.
  • 02:16 THIS IS A GREAT STUDY
  • 02:17 THAT WILL HELP YOU WITH THAT.
  • 02:18 SO LET'S GO TO ISRAEL
  • 02:20 WHERE TOM McCALL INTERVIEWED
  • 02:22 ANTHROPOLOGIST JOE ZIAS.
  • 02:28 ♪ ♪
  • 02:31 Tom: JOE, I UNDERSTAND
  • 02:32 YOU'VE BEEN STUDYING
  • 02:33 THE FIELD OF CRUCIFIXION
  • 02:34 FOR A LONG TIME.
  • 02:36 CAN YOU TELL ME HOW RARE
  • 02:38 WAS CRUCIFIXION AS A MEANS
  • 02:40 OF EXECUTION IN ANCIENT TIMES?
  • 02:43 Joe: WELL, ACTUALLY,
  • 02:44 IT WAS VERY COMMON.
  • 02:46 WE KNOW THAT THEY DID IT
  • 02:47 FOR PERHAPS 800 YEARS.
  • 02:48 THEY DID IT THROUGHOUT EUROPE,
  • 02:50 NORTH AFRICA, WESTERN ASIA,
  • 02:52 GREAT BRITAIN.
  • 02:54 I THINK THE QUESTION IS NOT
  • 02:55 WHO DID IT; THE QUESTION IS,
  • 02:56 IS THERE ANYBODY
  • 02:57 WHO DIDN'T DO IT?
  • 02:58 AND WE KNOW THAT THE FIGURES
  • 02:59 PROBABLY RUN, I WOULD SAY,
  • 03:02 PERHAPS EVEN MAYBE OVER 100,000.
  • 03:04 Tom: 100,000 PEOPLE PERHAPS--
  • 03:06 Joe: DURING A PERIOD
  • 03:07 OF 800 YEARS.
  • 03:08 WE KNOW, FOR EXAMPLE, ON ONE DAY
  • 03:09 IN ROME THEY CRUCIFIED
  • 03:10 6,000 PEOPLE IN ONE DAY.
  • 03:11 IT GIVES YOU AN IDEA OF
  • 03:12 HOW FAST THEY COULD DO IT,
  • 03:14 HOW EFFICIENT THEY COULD DO IT.
  • 03:16 Tom: WELL, WE KNOW THE ROMANS
  • 03:17 USED IT EXTENSIVELY.
  • 03:19 DID OTHER CULTURES USE IT
  • 03:21 AS WELL?
  • 03:22 Joe: EVERYBODY USED IT, THOUGH,
  • 03:23 THERE WERE EXCEPTIONS, LIKE,
  • 03:24 FOR EXAMPLE, WITH THE JEWS.
  • 03:26 THE JEWS CRUCIFIED UNDER VERY,
  • 03:28 VERY WELL-DEFINED CIRCUMSTANCES
  • 03:31 AND THAT WAS FOR GOING OVER
  • 03:32 TO THE ENEMY, FOR PEOPLE
  • 03:33 WHO WERE TRAITORS.
  • 03:35 YOU WERE KILLED FIRST BY STONING
  • 03:37 AND THEN AFTER YOU WERE DEAD,
  • 03:38 YOU THEN WERE HUNG FROM A TREE.
  • 03:39 Tom: WHY WOULD YOU HANG SOMEONE
  • 03:41 AFTER THEY HAD BEEN KILLED?
  • 03:43 Joe: YOU HAVE TO REALIZE
  • 03:44 THAT BACK IN THOSE DAYS,
  • 03:45 PEOPLE LIVED IN COMMUNITIES
  • 03:46 WHERE EVERYBODY KNEW EACH OTHER
  • 03:48 AND THIS WAS TO GOING
  • 03:49 TO HUMILIATE THE FAMILY
  • 03:50 OF THE INDIVIDUAL, THE PEOPLE
  • 03:51 WHO WERE INVOLVED IN THIS.
  • 03:53 Tom: IT WASN'T TO EXECUTE THEM,
  • 03:54 THEY HAD ALREADY BEEN EXECUTED,
  • 03:55 BUT TO--
  • 03:56 Joe: THEY WERE DEAD, THEY WERE
  • 03:57 DEAD AND THEN HUNG FROM A TREE.
  • 03:58 Tom: HOW, ACTUALLY,
  • 03:59 DID DEATH OCCUR
  • 04:02 WHEN A PERSON WAS CRUCIFIED?
  • 04:04 Joe: THIS IS SOMETHING WHICH IS,
  • 04:05 UNTIL LATELY, VERY, VERY,
  • 04:07 I THINK, MISUNDERSTOOD.
  • 04:10 WE KNOW THAT, FOR EXAMPLE,
  • 04:11 IF I WERE TO TAKE A YOUNG MAN,
  • 04:12 IF I WERE TO HANDCUFF HIM
  • 04:14 AND HANG HIM FROM A BEAM
  • 04:15 BY HIS HANDS, HE'S DEAD
  • 04:17 WITHIN AN HOUR OF ASPHYXIATION.
  • 04:19 IF YOU HOLD HIS FEET DOWN,
  • 04:21 SO HE CAN'T PULL HIMSELF
  • 04:22 UP AND DOWN,
  • 04:24 HE'S DEAD WITHIN 6-10 MINUTES.
  • 04:25 Tom: SO IT MAKES A LOT
  • 04:26 OF DIFFERENCE IF THE HANDS
  • 04:28 ARE UP ABOVE THE HEAD.
  • 04:29 Joe: EXACTLY.
  • 04:30 ON THE OTHER HAND, IF THE HANDS
  • 04:32 ARE EXTENDED IN THIS FASHION
  • 04:33 HERE, YOU HAVE NO PROBLEMS
  • 04:35 BREATHING WHATSOEVER.
  • 04:37 THERE WERE EXPERIMENTS DONE
  • 04:38 IN NEW YORK.
  • 04:39 COLLEGE STUDENTS VOLUNTEERED TO
  • 04:40 GO ON A CROSS WITH SEAT BELTS.
  • 04:42 THEIR WHOLE PHYSIOLOGICAL
  • 04:44 RESPONSE WAS MONITORED.
  • 04:45 Tom: PEOPLE ACTUALLY VOLUNTEERED
  • 04:46 TO BE CRUCIFIED TEMPORARILY
  • 04:48 THEN.
  • 04:50 Joe: THERE WERE STUDENTS
  • 04:51 UP THERE FOR 45 MINUTES,
  • 04:52 WHICH HAD NO PROBLEMS
  • 04:53 WHATSOEVER WITH BREATHING;
  • 04:54 SO ALL THE THEORIES
  • 04:55 ABOUT BREATHING DIFFICULTIES
  • 04:57 ARE CORRECT ONLY IF YOUR HANDS
  • 04:59 ARE ABOVE YOUR HEAD.
  • 05:00 IF YOUR HANDS ARE OUTSPREAD,
  • 05:01 THE BODY GOES INTO WHAT'S CALLED
  • 05:03 "HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK."
  • 05:04 IT'S ONE OF THE TYPES OF SHOCK.
  • 05:06 AND YOU EVENTUALLY,
  • 05:08 WHAT HAPPENS IS THE SYSTEM
  • 05:09 METABOLICALLY, PHYSIOLOGICALLY
  • 05:10 SHUTS DOWN, AND THEN,
  • 05:12 YOU EVENTUALLY DIE.
  • 05:13 NOW, I CAN KEEP YOU UP THERE
  • 05:14 FOR HOURS, DAYS.
  • 05:19 WE KNOW, FOR EXAMPLE,
  • 05:20 OF A CASE IN BETHLEHEM
  • 05:21 WHERE THERE WERE THREE FRIENDS
  • 05:22 OF JOSEPHUS WHO WERE BEING
  • 05:24 CRUCIFIED IN BETHLEHEM...
  • 05:25 BEEN ON A CROSS, I THINK,
  • 05:26 FOR TWO DAYS.
  • 05:27 AND HE WENT TO THE AUTHORITIES
  • 05:29 AND THEY SAID, "TAKE THEM DOWN."
  • 05:31 HE WENT THERE
  • 05:32 AND TOOK THEM DOWN.
  • 05:33 ONE OR TWO OF THEM
  • 05:34 LIVED HAPPILY EVER AFTER.
  • 05:35 SO IT DEPENDS UPON, REALLY,
  • 05:37 THE SADISTIC INGENUITY
  • 05:38 OF THE EXECUTIONER.
  • 05:39 HE CAN MAKE IT FAST.
  • 05:40 HE CAN MAKE IT SLOW.
  • 05:41 Tom: SO IN THIS KIND OF SHOCK,
  • 05:43 WHAT HAPPENS TO THE SYSTEMS
  • 05:45 OF THE BODY?
  • 05:47 Joe: YEAH, WHAT HAPPENS IS IT
  • 05:48 METABOLICALLY--THESE THINGS
  • 05:50 AND PHYSIOLOGICALLY,
  • 05:51 THESE THINGS START TO SHUT DOWN,
  • 05:52 OKAY, IN THE WHOLE--
  • 05:55 WHOLE PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS,
  • 05:56 THE BREATHING,
  • 05:57 THE BLOOD CIRCULATION
  • 05:58 AND SO ON AND SO FORTH.
  • 06:00 NOW WHAT'S INTERESTING
  • 06:01 ABOUT THIS IS IF YOU REMOVE
  • 06:03 THOSE CIRCUMSTANCES
  • 06:04 WHICH ARE CAUSING YOU
  • 06:05 TO GO INTO HYPOVOLEMIC SHOCK,
  • 06:08 YOU CAN REVIVE THE PERSON TODAY,
  • 06:09 WE KNOW CLINICALLY
  • 06:10 IN ABOUT 75% OF THE CASES,
  • 06:12 WHICH IS THE REASON WHY
  • 06:15 JOSEPHUS COULD GO TO BETHLEHEM,
  • 06:16 REMOVE THESE INDIVIDUALS,
  • 06:17 AND ONE OR MAYBE TWO OF THEM
  • 06:20 SURVIVED.
  • 06:21 THE OTHER THING IS,
  • 06:22 I THINK THIS POINTS OUT THE FACT
  • 06:24 THAT IN JUDAISM, ONE WAS
  • 06:26 REQUIRED TO GO TO THE GRAVE
  • 06:27 OF THE DECEASED THREE DAYS
  • 06:28 AFTER THE PERSON DIED.
  • 06:30 THE REASON IS THAT TRYING
  • 06:32 TO CLINICALLY DEFINE DEATH,
  • 06:34 EVEN TODAY,
  • 06:35 FOR THE INEXPERIENCED PERSON,
  • 06:37 IS VERY DIFFICULT.
  • 06:39 AND SO BACK IN ANTIQUITY,
  • 06:41 ACCORDING TO JUDAIC LAW,
  • 06:43 THREE DAYS AFTER YOU WERE DEAD,
  • 06:44 SOMEBODY WENT TO THE TOMB.
  • 06:46 Tom: SO THEY HAD TO VERIFY THE--
  • 06:48 Joe: THEY HAD TO VERIFY IT
  • 06:49 AND WE EVEN KNOW OF A CASE,
  • 06:50 FOR EXAMPLE, WHERE THE JEWS
  • 06:51 WENT TO THE TOMB
  • 06:52 AND THE GUY WAS NOT DEAD.
  • 06:53 HE HAD GONE INTO SOME TYPE
  • 06:54 OF A COMA AND EVIDENTLY
  • 06:56 IT WAS BECAUSE OF THAT
  • 06:57 THE JEWS REALIZED THAT,
  • 06:59 HALACHICALLY,
  • 07:01 YOU HAD TO VISIT THE TOMB
  • 07:02 THREE DAYS AFTER THE DEATH.
  • 07:04 Zola: THE IMPORTANCE
  • 07:05 OF THE THIRD DAY
  • 07:06 IS EMPHASIZED IN MATTHEW 27,
  • 07:08 WHICH STATES THAT:
  • 07:24 JESUS HAD ADDRESSED THE
  • 07:25 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE THIRD DAY
  • 07:26 WHEN HE TOLD HIS DISCIPLES
  • 07:28 THAT THE SON OF MAN WOULD BE
  • 07:29 DELIVERED TO THE GENTILES
  • 07:31 TO MOCK AND TO SCOURGE
  • 07:32 AND TO CRUCIFY HIM
  • 07:34 AND THE THIRD DAY
  • 07:36 HE SHALL RISE AGAIN.
  • 07:38 Tom: WELL, WE UNDERSTAND
  • 07:39 THAT OFTEN DURING CRUCIFIXION,
  • 07:42 THE LEGS OF THE VICTIM
  • 07:44 WOULD BE BROKEN.
  • 07:46 WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE IN THAT?
  • 07:47 Joe: ONE OF THE THINGS WHICH
  • 07:48 THEY WOULD DO TO PROLONG IT
  • 07:51 IS THAT THEY WOULD TAKE A PIECE
  • 07:52 OF WOOD ABOUT THIS WIDE...
  • 07:56 ABOUT THIS LONG....
  • 07:57 THEY WOULD PUT UNDERNEATH
  • 07:58 THE BUTTOCKS.
  • 07:59 AND WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IS
  • 08:00 THE INDIVIDUALS WOULD USE
  • 08:01 THEIR ARMS AND THE LEGS
  • 08:02 TO PUSH THEMSELVES UP
  • 08:03 ON THE CROSS.
  • 08:04 AND YOU CAN SIT THERE
  • 08:05 FOR MAYBE A MINUTE OR TWO,
  • 08:07 YOU CAN INHALE-EXHALE,
  • 08:08 BUT WHAT HAPPENS,
  • 08:09 EVENTUALLY YOU'RE GOING TO SLIP.
  • 08:10 AND WHAT HAPPENS IS
  • 08:11 THAT ONCE YOU STEP DOWN,
  • 08:12 THE PROCESS THEN STARTS
  • 08:13 ALL OVER AGAIN.
  • 08:15 SO, TO MAKE DEATH MUCH QUICKER,
  • 08:16 WHAT YOU DO IS
  • 08:17 YOU BREAK THE LEGS AND THEY THEN
  • 08:18 CANNOT USE THE LEGS TO PULL
  • 08:19 THEMSELVES UP ON THIS LITTLE--
  • 08:22 IT'S CALLED A SEDULUM.
  • 08:24 SO WHAT IT DOES IS, AGAIN,
  • 08:25 IN TERMS OF THE BODY
  • 08:26 GOING INTO SHOCK,
  • 08:27 IT'S GOING TO HASTEN DEATH.
  • 08:29 Tom: SO THAT WAS A MEANS
  • 08:30 OF HASTENING DEATH.
  • 08:31 Joe: OF HASTENING A DEATH,
  • 08:32 AGAIN, YOU HAVE TO REALIZE
  • 08:33 THERE MAY BE HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE
  • 08:36 WAITING IN LINE, FOR EXAMPLE,
  • 08:38 THE CASE IN ROME,
  • 08:39 WHERE YOU'VE 6,000 PEOPLE.
  • 08:40 YOU'VE GOT TO DO IT FAST
  • 08:42 AND YOU CAN'T BE WAITING THERE
  • 08:45 THE REST OF YOUR LIFE.
  • 08:46 SO THESE WERE WAYS, I THINK,
  • 08:48 FOR THE ROMANS SOLDIERS--
  • 08:49 IT WAS ALWAYS A THREE-MAN,
  • 08:50 AN EXECUTION TEAM--THIS WAS
  • 08:52 WAYS OF SPEEDING UP THE PROCESS.
  • 08:54 Zola: ON THE DAY OF JESUS'
  • 08:55 CRUCIFIXION, THE ROMAN SOLDIERS
  • 08:57 BROKE THE LEGS
  • 08:58 OF THE TWO THIEVES,
  • 08:59 IN ORDER TO ASSURE THEIR DEATH
  • 09:00 BEFORE THE ONCOMING SABBATH.
  • 09:02 "BUT WHEN THEY CAME TO JESUS,
  • 09:04 AND SAW THAT HE WAS DEAD
  • 09:05 ALREADY,
  • 09:06 THEY BRAKE NOT HIS LEGS:
  • 09:08 BUT ONE OF THE SOLDIERS
  • 09:09 WITH A SPEAR PIERCED HIS SIDE,
  • 09:11 AND FORTHWITH CAME THERE OUT
  • 09:13 BLOOD AND WATER.
  • 09:15 FOR THESE THINGS WERE DONE,
  • 09:17 THAT THE SCRIPTURE SHOULD BE
  • 09:18 FULFILLED, A BONE OF HIM
  • 09:20 SHALL NOT BE BROKEN."
  • 09:22 AND AGAIN ANOTHER SCRIPTURE
  • 09:23 SAITH, "THEY SHALL LOOK UPON HIM
  • 09:25 WHOM THEY HAVE PIERCED.
  • 09:27 Tom: JOE, I UNDERSTAND YOU'VE
  • 09:29 MADE A VERY RARE FIND OF AN
  • 09:33 EXAMPLE OF A CRUCIFIED PERSON.
  • 09:40 WHEN WAS THIS FOUND
  • 09:41 AND WHAT WERE THE CIRCUMSTANCES
  • 09:43 AROUND ITS FINDING?
  • 09:45 Joe: OKAY, IN 1968
  • 09:48 A COLLEAGUE OF MINE WAS DIGGING
  • 09:49 HERE IN JERUSALEM.
  • 09:51 IT WAS ONE OF THESE ACCIDENTAL
  • 09:52 FINDS AND HERE WERE A SERIES
  • 09:55 OF OSSUARIES IN A JEWISH TOMB
  • 09:57 GOING BACK TO THE TIME
  • 09:58 OF CHRIST.
  • 10:00 AND IN ONE OF THE OSSUARIES,
  • 10:01 THEY FOUND A HEEL BONE.
  • 10:02 IT'S WHAT'S CALLED
  • 10:03 A "CALCANEUM" OF AN INDIVIDUAL.
  • 10:05 AND WHAT'S UNIQUE ABOUT THIS,
  • 10:07 IF YOU LOOK VERY CLEARLY,
  • 10:08 YOU CAN SEE THIS IS
  • 10:09 AN INDIVIDUAL WHICH HAD A NAIL
  • 10:11 WHICH IS DRIVEN LATERALLY
  • 10:13 THROUGH A PIECE OF WOOD.
  • 10:14 WE CAN STILL SEE TRACES
  • 10:15 OF OLIVE WOOD HERE
  • 10:16 AFTER 2,000 YEARS.
  • 10:17 IT THEN WENT LATERALLY
  • 10:19 INTO THE HEEL,
  • 10:21 AND THEN WHAT HAPPENED...
  • 10:22 Tom: NOW, THAT'S A--
  • 10:24 Joe: THIS IS THE RIGHT HEEL.
  • 10:25 Tom: --THE RIGHT HEEL
  • 10:26 OF A HUMAN FOOT WITH A NAIL
  • 10:30 THROUGH THE MIDDLE OF IT
  • 10:32 AND THERE'S EVIDENCE OF
  • 10:34 A PIECE OF WOOD--
  • 10:35 Joe: A PIECE OF WOOD HERE.
  • 10:36 Tom: --ON THE OUTSIDE.
  • 10:37 Joe: OKAY, LET ME GO AHEAD
  • 10:38 AND EXPLAIN IT TO YOU, PERHAPS,
  • 10:39 IN A DIFFERENT WAY AND MAYBE
  • 10:40 IT'LL MAKE IT MUCH CLEARER.
  • 10:41 WE HAVE A NAIL HERE.
  • 10:42 THIS IS ABOUT 11.5 CENTIMETERS
  • 10:44 LONG; THIS WAS MORE OR LESS
  • 10:45 THE LENGTH OF THAT NAIL.
  • 10:46 Tom: THAT'S TYPICAL
  • 10:47 OF THE ROMAN-SQUARED SHAPE
  • 10:51 OF THE NAIL BODY ITSELF.
  • 10:53 Joe: CORRECT.
  • 10:55 WHAT THEY DID WAS THAT THEY
  • 10:56 DROVE THIS THROUGH
  • 10:57 A PIECE OF OLIVE WOOD.
  • 10:58 IT THEN FUNCTIONS AS A WASHER.
  • 11:00 NOW THAT YOU HAVE IT
  • 11:01 THROUGH THE PIECE OF WOOD,
  • 11:03 THEY THEN WOULD TAKE THE HEEL
  • 11:04 OF THE INDIVIDUAL.
  • 11:06 IT THEN PENETRATED THE HEEL
  • 11:08 GOING IN FROM THE OUTSIDE.
  • 11:10 AND IN THIS CASE HERE,
  • 11:11 WHAT SEEMS TO BE OCCURRING,
  • 11:12 THEY THEN NAILED HIM
  • 11:14 TO THE TREE; AND WHAT HAPPENED,
  • 11:16 AGAIN LEFT FOOT OVER HERE,
  • 11:18 RIGHT FOOT OVER HERE,
  • 11:20 WHAT HAPPENED, IT SEEMS THAT
  • 11:22 WHEN THIS WENT INTO THE TREE,
  • 11:24 THE NAIL BENT
  • 11:25 AND IT FISH-HOOKED.
  • 11:27 Tom: YOU MEAN IT HIT
  • 11:28 AN OBSTRUCTION OF SOME KIND
  • 11:29 OR A KNOT OR SOMETHING?
  • 11:30 Joe: EXACTLY...PERHAPS A KNOT
  • 11:31 IN THE WOOD OR SOMETHING HARD
  • 11:32 IN THE WOOD.
  • 11:33 WHEN IT FISH-HOOKED, IT THEN
  • 11:34 BECAME IMPOSSIBLE TO REMOVE IT,
  • 11:35 SO THAT'S THE REASON.
  • 11:36 IF YOU LOOK AT THIS HERE,
  • 11:38 WHAT YOU'RE SEEING HERE,
  • 11:39 YOU SEE HOW THE THING IS BENT
  • 11:40 OVER HERE AND THIS SIMPLY
  • 11:42 MAKES IT IMPOSSIBLE TO REMOVE
  • 11:45 SO THEY BURIED THIS INDIVIDUAL
  • 11:47 WITH THE NAIL IN HIS FOOT.
  • 11:48 Tom: NORMALLY, I SUPPOSE
  • 11:49 THE NAIL WAS REMOVED,
  • 11:51 IF IT COULD BE, IN MANY CASES.
  • 11:54 Joe: YOU HAVE TO REALIZE THAT
  • 11:55 WHAT YOU'RE LOOKING AT HERE,
  • 11:56 YOU'RE LOOKING AT THE ONLY CASE
  • 11:57 IN THE WORLD.
  • 11:58 THERE IS NO OTHER CASE,
  • 11:59 WHATSOEVER, WHERE WE HAVE
  • 12:01 DIRECT PHYSICAL EVIDENCE
  • 12:02 OF CRUCIFIXION.
  • 12:04 THE REASONS I THINK ARE TWO;
  • 12:05 ONE THING IS THAT MOST PEOPLE
  • 12:06 WERE PROBABLY TIED TO CROSSES.
  • 12:08 IF YOU LOOK AT THE GOOD THIEF
  • 12:09 AND THE BAD THIEF,
  • 12:10 THEY'RE ALWAYS TIED; JESUS IS
  • 12:11 THE ONLY ONE THAT'S NAILED.
  • 12:12 Tom: SO NAILING
  • 12:13 WAS NOT ALWAYS COMMON.
  • 12:14 Joe: I THINK IT MAY HAVE BEEN
  • 12:15 THE EXCEPTION.
  • 12:16 I THINK IT MAY HAVE BEEN
  • 12:17 THE EXCEPTION TO THE RULE,
  • 12:18 FIRST OF ALL, JUST IN TERMS OF
  • 12:19 ECOLOGY, IN TERMS OF HAVING TO
  • 12:20 CONTINUALLY RECYCLE THE CROSS IF
  • 12:22 YOU ARE CONTINUALLY NAILING IT.
  • 12:25 AFTER A FEW CRUCIFIXIONS,
  • 12:26 YOU HAVE TO MAKE ANOTHER CROSS.
  • 12:28 IF YOU TIED THEM UP THERE--
  • 12:29 AGAIN, THERE'S NO RELATIONSHIP
  • 12:30 WHATSOEVER BETWEEN
  • 12:31 BEING NAILED OR TIED; THE BODY'S
  • 12:33 GOING TO GO INTO SHOCK.
  • 12:34 Tom: SAME THING HAPPENS.
  • 12:35 Joe: SAME THING HAPPENS.
  • 12:36 THE OTHER THING IS WE KNOW
  • 12:37 FROM JEWISH SOURCES THAT THERE
  • 12:38 WAS PROBABLY A BRISK TRADE
  • 12:41 GOING ON IN NAILS OF PEOPLE
  • 12:44 WHO HAVE BEEN CRUCIFIED.
  • 12:45 Tom: WHY WOULD SOMEBODY WANT
  • 12:46 A NAIL FROM SOMEBODY WHO HAD
  • 12:48 BEEN CRUCIFIED?
  • 12:49 Joe: ACCORDING TO
  • 12:50 THE JEWISH SOURCES,
  • 12:51 ACCORDING TO THE MISHNAH,
  • 12:53 THERE WERE THREE THINGS
  • 12:54 THAT A JEW COULD CARRY
  • 12:55 IN HIS POCKET ON SHABBAT.
  • 12:56 YOU KNOW THAT ON SHABBAT
  • 12:57 JEWS WERE NOT ALLOWED TO CARRY
  • 12:58 ANYTHING IN THEIR POCKETS,
  • 12:59 NO MONEY,
  • 13:01 BUT THERE WERE THREE EXCEPTIONS:
  • 13:03 ONE WAS THE TOOTH OF A JACKAL;
  • 13:05 THE OTHER WAS AN EGG
  • 13:06 FROM A LIZARD; AND THE THIRD
  • 13:07 THING WAS A NAIL OF A MAN
  • 13:09 WHO HAD BEEN CRUCIFIED.
  • 13:10 EVIDENTLY THESE THINGS
  • 13:11 WERE SUCH POWERFUL AMULETS
  • 13:14 THAT THESE WERE IN THAT CATEGORY
  • 13:15 OF EXCEPTIONS WHICH YOU COULD
  • 13:17 CARRY ON SHABBAT.
  • 13:18 THEY WERE THAT POWERFUL.
  • 13:20 SO THE EVIDENCE SEEMS TO SUGGEST
  • 13:21 THERE WAS PROBABLY
  • 13:22 A BRISK TRADING GOING ON
  • 13:23 OF MEN WHO HAD BEEN CRUCIFIED
  • 13:26 WITH THE NAILS.
  • 13:27 Tom: SO THERE WAS A RELIGIOUS
  • 13:28 REASON FOR WANTING A NAIL.
  • 13:31 Joe: I WOULDN'T SAY RELIGIOUS,
  • 13:33 I WOULD SAY A SUPERSTITIOUS
  • 13:34 REASON IS WHAT IT WAS,
  • 13:35 IT WAS SUPERSTITIOUS.
  • 13:36 Tom: AND THAT'S WHY
  • 13:37 YOU WOULDN'T FIND MANY BONES
  • 13:40 WITH NAILS IN THEM
  • 13:41 FROM CRUCIFIED PEOPLE.
  • 13:42 Joe: I'M SURE...I'M SURE.
  • 13:44 Tom: IT WAS A RARE THING,
  • 13:45 BUT THEY COULDN'T REMOVE
  • 13:48 THIS NAIL...
  • 13:49 Joe: BECAUSE IT WAS BENT.
  • 13:50 Tom: BECAUSE IT WAS BENT.
  • 13:52 AND SO IT HAS BECOME ONE OF THE
  • 13:54 RARE FINDS THAT HAS BEEN MADE.
  • 13:56 ♪ ♪
  • 14:09 Announcer: FOR INSIGHTFUL PERSPECTIVES ON ISRAEL AND BIBLE PROPHECY,
  • 14:13 ASK FOR OUR FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER,
  • 14:16 "THE LEVITT LETTER."
  • 14:17 AT LEVITT.COM YOU CAN READ THE NEWSLETTER,
  • 14:20 WATCH THE TV PROGRAM,
  • 14:22 OR VISIT OUR ONLINE STORE.
  • 14:25 STAY CURRENT WITH US ON SOCIAL MEDIA
  • 14:27 VIA FACEBOOK AND TWITTER.
  • 14:28 COME WITH US ON A TOUR OF ISRAEL OR PETRA
  • 14:31 OR A CRUISE TO GREECE AND EPHESUS.
  • 14:35 PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION.
  • 14:40 ♪ ♪
  • 14:48 ♪ ♪
  • 15:14 Myles: WE WOULD LOVE
  • 15:15 TO HOST YOU IN ISRAEL.
  • 15:16 IT NEVER GETS OLD.
  • 15:17 IT'S A LIFE-CHANGING EXPERIENCE.
  • 15:19 YOU REALLY SHOULD COME WITH US.
  • 15:20 IN FACT, I'VE GOT OUR
  • 15:21 TOUR MANAGER, TRACIE, WITH US.
  • 15:23 TRACIE, IT'S GOOD TO SEE YOU.
  • 15:25 TELL US WHAT'S GOING ON NOW
  • 15:26 WITH OUR TOURS.
  • 15:27 Tracie: IT'S GREAT TO SEE YOU,
  • 15:28 MYLES; IT'S JUST SUCH A JOY
  • 15:29 TO HAVE YOU AND KATHARINE
  • 15:30 ON THE TOUR.
  • 15:31 I THINK ACTUALLY HAVING
  • 15:32 A MARRIED COUPLE ON TOUR
  • 15:33 HAS JUST EVEN DEEPENED
  • 15:36 THAT INTIMACY; THE ONE THING
  • 15:37 I WANT TO TALK ABOUT TODAY
  • 15:38 IS JUST HOW YOUR INTIMACY IS
  • 15:40 GOING TO DEEPEN WITH THE LORD
  • 15:42 WHEN YOU COME ON TOUR AND TO SEE
  • 15:43 A MARRIED COUPLE LIKE MYLES
  • 15:45 AND KATHARINE WHO HAVE SERVED
  • 15:46 THE LORD SO FAITHFULLY
  • 15:47 AND WHO ARE TRULY ONE.
  • 15:49 WE SEE MESSIANIC JEW
  • 15:50 AND CHRISTIAN COMING TOGETHER
  • 15:52 AND WHAT I TELL PEOPLE, MYLES,
  • 15:54 IS THAT I WENT TO
  • 15:55 DALLAS SEMINARY FOR FIVE YEARS.
  • 15:56 WE NEVER TALKED ABOUT ISRAEL.
  • 15:57 I DIDN'T KNOW IT WAS IMPORTANT,
  • 15:59 AND WHEN I TOOK MY FIRST TRIP
  • 16:00 OVER THERE, I FELT LIKE
  • 16:03 WHEN I WAS AT THE WESTERN WALL,
  • 16:05 JUST AN ANALOGY I SAY IS I FELT
  • 16:06 THAT MY RELATIONSHIP WITH
  • 16:08 THE LORD WENT FROM A DATING
  • 16:10 TO A MARRIAGE RELATIONSHIP.
  • 16:11 YOU KNOW, IN SCRIPTURE,
  • 16:13 IT TALKS ABOUT "A KNOWING"
  • 16:14 AND THERE IS A KNOWING
  • 16:15 AND WE ARE SO THRILLED
  • 16:17 AND WE'RE PRIVILEGED THAT YOU,
  • 16:19 OUR VIEWERS, WOULD WATCH
  • 16:20 OUR SHOW SO FAITHFULLY,
  • 16:21 BUT THERE IS JUST SOMETHING THAT
  • 16:23 CANNOT BE TRANSLATED THROUGH
  • 16:24 THAT SCREEN THAT THE PEOPLE
  • 16:26 ARE GOING TO FEEL OVER IN ISRAEL
  • 16:27 TO THEM, IT'S UNBELIEVABLE.
  • 16:29 Myles: IT IS ABSOLUTELY TRUE.
  • 16:30 WE HAD ONE PASTOR COME WITH US
  • 16:32 AND HE SAID I WISH I HAD
  • 16:34 EXPERIENCED THIS 35 YEARS AGO
  • 16:36 IN SEMINARY; WHY DID I WAIT
  • 16:37 MY WHOLE MINISTRY LIFE TO FIND
  • 16:39 THIS DEPTH IN THE WORD
  • 16:41 AND THIS RICHNESS IN THE BIBLE
  • 16:43 BY COMING TO ISRAEL.
  • 16:44 SO IT REALLY DOES
  • 16:45 DEEPEN EVERYTHING.
  • 16:46 Tracie: IT DOES AND ONE THING
  • 16:47 ABOUT OUR TOURS, PEOPLE NEED
  • 16:48 TO KNOW, MYLES, THAT NOT
  • 16:49 EVERY TOUR--MOST DON'T
  • 16:50 ACTUALLY--HAVE
  • 16:52 MESSIANIC JEWISH GUIDES
  • 16:53 AND SO IT'S THAT KNOWLEDGE.
  • 16:55 FIRST OF ALL, NOT ONLY DO THEY
  • 16:56 NOT HAVE MESSIANIC JEWISH GUIDES
  • 16:58 MOST DON'T HAVE TOUR PASTORS
  • 16:59 SO WE HAVE A MESSIANIC JEW
  • 17:00 TOUR PASTOR, YOU AND KATHARINE
  • 17:02 THERE, OPENING THE WORD
  • 17:04 DEVOTIONALLY AND THEN THERE IS
  • 17:05 SOMETHING--THERE IS SOMETHING
  • 17:07 IN ISRAEL...
  • 17:08 THE PRESENCE OF THE LORD.
  • 17:10 IT'S UNSPEAKABLE.
  • 17:11 HIS PRESENCE IS THERE.
  • 17:12 THE FIRST DAY ON OUR TOUR,
  • 17:14 WE TAKE A BOAT RIDE
  • 17:15 IN THE SEA OF GALILEE
  • 17:16 AND I TELL YOU SOMETHING,
  • 17:17 PEOPLE ARE SO LOOKING FORWARD
  • 17:19 TO THE BAPTISM THAT AFTERNOON
  • 17:20 THEY DON'T EXPECT IT TO BE
  • 17:21 SO OVERWHELMING, TEARS JUST
  • 17:24 FLOWING DOWN WHEN YOU ARE
  • 17:27 ON THAT BOAT AND YOU HEAR
  • 17:30 IN THE BACKGROUND, A SONG
  • 17:31 PLAYING "IT'S ALL ABOUT YOU,
  • 17:32 JESUS" AND YOU EXPERIENCE
  • 17:34 AND YOU CAN ALMOST SEE
  • 17:36 THE SCRIPTURE UNFOLDING
  • 17:37 RIGHT BEFORE YOUR VERY EYES
  • 17:38 AND WE WOULD LOVE YOU TO COME
  • 17:39 WITH US ON TOUR.
  • 17:41 Myles: THANK YOU, TRACIE.
  • 17:42 THIS IS REALLY PART OF WHAT
  • 17:43 WE'RE TRYING TO DO HERE
  • 17:44 AT ZOLA LEVITT MINISTRIES.
  • 17:46 WE WANT TO DEEPEN
  • 17:47 YOUR RELATIONSHIP WITH THE LORD.
  • 17:48 WE WANT TO HELP YOU TO KNOW
  • 17:50 MORE ABOUT THE BIBLE
  • 17:51 AND TO UNDERSTAND THE SCRIPTURES
  • 17:53 FROM A HEBRAIC MIND-SET AND ALSO
  • 17:54 TO JUST ENRICH YOUR FAITH.
  • 17:56 NOW ONE WAY THAT YOU CAN DO THAT
  • 17:57 IS THROUGH OUR OFFER THIS WEEK,
  • 18:00 OUR RESOURCE THIS WEEK IS
  • 18:01 "DISCOVERING OUR JEWISH ROOTS."
  • 18:03 THIS IS A NINE-CD SET THAT WILL
  • 18:05 HELP YOU TO REALLY CONNECT
  • 18:07 THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW,
  • 18:09 TO UNDERSTAND THE LANGUAGE
  • 18:10 OF HEBREW AND THE WAY
  • 18:12 THAT JEWISH MIND-SET INFUSES
  • 18:14 THE BIBLE; NOT JUST
  • 18:15 THE OLD TESTAMENT BUT ALSO
  • 18:16 INTO THE NEW TESTAMENT
  • 18:18 AND HOW THE JEWISHNESS
  • 18:19 OF THE GOSPEL COMES THROUGH
  • 18:21 ONCE YOU SEE THINGS
  • 18:22 FROM THE HEBREW MIND-SET.
  • 18:23 THIS IS A GREAT RESOURCE.
  • 18:25 WE WANT TO MAKE IT AVAILABLE
  • 18:26 TO YOU.
  • 18:27 WE REALLY LOVE BRINGING YOU
  • 18:29 THESE PROGRAMS.
  • 18:30 KATHARINE AND I HAVE BEEN
  • 18:31 THRILLED TO BE PART
  • 18:32 OF THIS MINISTRY.
  • 18:33 WE WANT TO SEE IT NOT ONLY GROW
  • 18:35 AND CONTINUE BUT WE'RE LOOKING
  • 18:37 FOR REACHING THE NEXT
  • 18:38 GENERATION, WE'RE LOOKING
  • 18:39 FOR COLLEGE AGE AND YOUNGER
  • 18:41 PEOPLE TO COME TO KNOW YESHUA
  • 18:43 AS THE JEWISH MESSIAH.
  • 18:45 WE'RE HOPING THAT
  • 18:46 ZOLA LEVITT MINISTRIES WILL NOT
  • 18:47 ONLY MAINTAIN WHAT WE'VE DONE
  • 18:49 THAT'S BUILT ON THE FOUNDATION
  • 18:50 THAT ZOLA LAID, BUT ALSO
  • 18:53 BECAUSE IT'S BUILT ON
  • 18:54 THE FOUNDATION OF GOD THAT IT
  • 18:56 WILL INCREASE UNTIL WE SEE
  • 18:58 THE DAY APPROACHING AS WE SEE
  • 19:00 THE DAY OF THE LORD COMING.
  • 19:01 AND HE'S COMING.
  • 19:02 SO NOW LET'S GO TO TOM McCALL
  • 19:04 WITH ANTHROPOLOGIST JOE ZIAS.
  • 19:08 (♪ Somber Music ♪)
  • 19:15 Tom: HOW DOES ALL OF THIS, JOE,
  • 19:17 RELATE TO THE MOST IMPORTANT
  • 19:18 CRUCIFIXION THAT WE KNOW OF,
  • 19:20 THE CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS?
  • 19:22 Joe: THIS IS A QUESTION
  • 19:23 WHICH IS FREQUENTLY ASKED
  • 19:26 AND I WOULD SAY THAT IT
  • 19:27 PROBABLY IMPACTS VERY LITTLE.
  • 19:31 THE REASON IS IF YOU LOOK
  • 19:32 AT THE NEW TESTAMENT,
  • 19:33 IT SAYS JESUS WAS CRUCIFIED...
  • 19:35 END OF SENTENCE.
  • 19:36 IT DOESN'T SAY HOW.
  • 19:37 IT DOESN'T SAY THREE NAILS,
  • 19:38 FOUR NAILS.
  • 19:40 THE WHOLE QUESTION OF NAILING
  • 19:41 OF THE FEET IS SOMETHING WHICH
  • 19:42 IS VERY, VERY QUESTIONABLE.
  • 19:44 IT SIMPLY SAYS HE WAS CRUCIFIED.
  • 19:47 I THINK WHAT IT DOES,
  • 19:48 IT FORCES US TO GO AND REALIZE
  • 19:50 THAT MANY PEOPLE WERE CRUCIFIED.
  • 19:52 IT WAS A VERY CRUEL
  • 19:54 FORM OF PUNISHMENT.
  • 19:57 IT WASN'T JUST SOMETHING WHICH
  • 19:58 WAS FOR JESUS AND CHRISTIANS;
  • 20:02 EVERYBODY DID IT FOR
  • 20:03 A VERY, VERY, VERY LONG TIME.
  • 20:05 SO THESE ARE TYPES OF QUESTIONS,
  • 20:07 I THINK, WHICH ONE ASKS.
  • 20:09 THE OTHER THING IS,
  • 20:10 WHICH IS VERY CLEAR,
  • 20:11 IT FORCES US TO GO AND ASK
  • 20:13 QUESTIONS ABOUT ALL THOSE
  • 20:14 PICTURES WE'VE BEEN LOOKING AT
  • 20:15 FOR OVER A THOUSAND YEARS.
  • 20:18 ONE THING WHICH IS CLEAR
  • 20:20 WHEN YOU'RE LOOKING AT
  • 20:21 CRUCIFIXION SCENES, WITH
  • 20:22 THE EXCEPTION OF VERY, VERY FEW--
  • 20:24 AND I'VE BEEN LOOKING AT THIS
  • 20:25 FOR YEARS--WHEN YOU'RE LOOKING
  • 20:27 AT CRUCIFIXION SCENES,
  • 20:28 YOU'RE LOOKING AT THEOLOGY.
  • 20:30 YOU'RE NOT LOOKING AT HISTORY.
  • 20:31 CASE IN POINT, IT'S IMPOSSIBLE
  • 20:35 TO CRUCIFY A PERSON
  • 20:36 THROUGH THE HANDS.
  • 20:37 Tom: THROUGH THE PALMS
  • 20:38 OF THE HANDS?
  • 20:39 Joe: THE PALM OF THE HANDS.
  • 20:40 Tom: THAT'S WHERE WE
  • 20:41 NORMALLY SEE IT IN PICTURES.
  • 20:42 Joe: THAT'S WHERE YOU'D ALWAYS,
  • 20:43 WITH ONE OR TWO EXCEPTIONS.
  • 20:46 WE'VE KNOWN SINCE THE 1940s
  • 20:48 A FRENCH DOCTOR TOOK--
  • 20:50 HE WAS A SURGEON.
  • 20:51 HE TOOK ARMS OF PEOPLE
  • 20:52 WHO'D BEEN AMPUTATED,
  • 20:54 FIXED THEM TO A CROSS,
  • 20:55 PUT WEIGHTS, HE FOUND OUT
  • 20:56 THAT MORE THAN 80 POUNDS,
  • 20:58 IF THE NAIL'S HERE,
  • 20:59 THE BODY CAN'T BE SUPPORTED.
  • 21:01 Tom: WHAT HAPPENS?
  • 21:02 Joe: IT JUST RIPS OUT
  • 21:03 BECAUSE THERE'S NOTHING HERE.
  • 21:04 YOU HAVE TO REALIZE,
  • 21:05 THAT FROM THIS POINT ON,
  • 21:06 WHAT YOU HAVE HERE IS NOTHING
  • 21:07 BUT FLESH AND MUSCLE.
  • 21:09 Tom: SO IT'D JUST PULL OUT
  • 21:10 FROM THE FINGER AREAS.
  • 21:11 Joe: IT JUST PULLS OUT.
  • 21:12 IF THEY DID NAIL
  • 21:15 AND WE'VE KNOWN THIS NOW
  • 21:16 FOR ABOUT 400 OR 500 YEARS.
  • 21:19 WE DIDN'T HAVE TO WAIT UNTIL
  • 21:20 THIS FRENCH DOCTOR TOLD US
  • 21:21 IN THE 1940s; WE'VE KNOWN,
  • 21:22 SINCE, I THINK, THE 16th CENTURY
  • 21:25 THAT THE NAIL HAS TO GO
  • 21:26 THROUGH THE WRIST.
  • 21:28 FRENCH ARTISTS--ITALIAN ARTISTS
  • 21:31 WERE PUTTING CADAVERS ON CROSSES
  • 21:33 FOR ARTISTIC REALISM AND THEY
  • 21:34 REALIZED IN THE 16th CENTURY
  • 21:36 IF THE NAIL DOESN'T GO
  • 21:37 THROUGH HERE...
  • 21:38 THE BODY CAN'T BE SUPPORTED.
  • 21:39 SO RULE NUMBER ONE,
  • 21:41 IF THEY ARE USING NAILS,
  • 21:42 IT HAS TO GO RIGHT IN HERE.
  • 21:43 Tom: WHAT HAPPENS WHEN
  • 21:44 IT'S IN THE WRIST THERE?
  • 21:45 WHAT KEEPS IT FROM COMING OUT?
  • 21:47 Joe: OKAY WHAT YOU HAVE HERE,
  • 21:48 YOU HAVE TWO BONES HERE.
  • 21:49 YOU HAVE WHAT'S CALLED
  • 21:50 THE ULNA AND THE RADIUS.
  • 21:51 AND THE NAIL GOES BETWEEN
  • 21:52 THE ULNA AND THE RADIUS.
  • 21:54 THEN YOU HAVE THE SMALL BONES
  • 21:56 HERE IN THE HAND WHICH ARE
  • 21:58 FULLY ARTICULATED AND THIS WAS
  • 21:59 WHAT YOU WERE SUSPENDED FROM.
  • 22:01 Tom: AND THAT WOULD HOLD
  • 22:02 THE WEIGHT OF THE PULL.
  • 22:03 Joe: THAT WOULD HOLD.
  • 22:04 IT WOULD HOLD SOMEONE
  • 22:05 LIKE YOU OR SOMEONE LIKE ME.
  • 22:06 THE OTHER THING WHICH YOU
  • 22:07 HAVE TO REALIZE IS THAT
  • 22:08 IN THE NEW TESTAMENT,
  • 22:10 IT DOESN'T MENTION THREE NAILS,
  • 22:11 FOUR NAILS, FIVE NAILS;
  • 22:13 IT SIMPLY SAYS HE WAS CRUCIFIED.
  • 22:14 Tom: YES.
  • 22:15 Joe: NOW WHY DID THEY USE
  • 22:16 THREE NAILS?
  • 22:18 THEY USED THREE NAILS,
  • 22:19 IT REPRESENTS THEOLOGY:
  • 22:21 THE FATHER, THE SON
  • 22:22 AND THE HOLY GHOST.
  • 22:23 THE OTHER THING IS BY USING
  • 22:24 THREE NAILS ON THE FEET,
  • 22:26 WHAT YOU DO IS THAT YOU
  • 22:27 CROSS THE FEET SO THAT YOU GET
  • 22:28 ANOTHER CROSS IN.
  • 22:31 THE OTHER THING IS THAT YOU HAVE
  • 22:32 TO REALIZE, PEOPLE WHEN THEY
  • 22:33 WERE CRUCIFIED, THEY WERE NAKED.
  • 22:34 IF YOU LOOK AT THE GARMENT
  • 22:35 WHICH JESUS IS WEARING
  • 22:36 IT'S GENERALLY WHAT,
  • 22:37 CROSS-SHAPED.
  • 22:40 IT GOES THROUGH THE CROTCH,
  • 22:41 UP AROUND THE WAIST.
  • 22:43 SO WE SEE IN THE EARLY,
  • 22:44 EARLY DAYS OF CHRISTIANITY,
  • 22:46 IT TOOK THEM A WHILE BEFORE
  • 22:47 THE ARTIST DECIDED, "OKAY, THIS
  • 22:48 IS HOW IT'S GOING TO BE DONE,"
  • 22:50 BUT AGAIN IT'S THEOLOGY,
  • 22:52 IT'S NOT HISTORY.
  • 22:53 (♪ Somber Music ♪)
  • 23:07 ♪ ♪
  • 23:40 ♪ ♪
  • 24:00 Myles: VERY SOBERING AND REALLY
  • 24:01 BRINGS HOME THE JEWISHNESS
  • 24:03 OF JESUS AND WE SEE THAT
  • 24:06 THE SACRIFICE WAS SO INCREDIBLE
  • 24:09 THAT THIS WAS JUST A GRUESOME
  • 24:11 DEATH THAT WAS PERPETRATED
  • 24:13 BY THE ROMANS AND OTHERS
  • 24:14 IN THAT ERA.
  • 24:16 WE GET SO MUCH OF OUR
  • 24:17 UNDERSTANDING OF WHO JESUS IS
  • 24:19 FROM THE GREAT PAINTINGS AND
  • 24:20 MASTERPIECES OVER THE CENTURIES
  • 24:23 AND HE'S ALWAYS SORT OF
  • 24:24 A BLOND, BLUE-EYED
  • 24:25 SCANDINAVIAN-LOOKING JESUS
  • 24:27 AND YET WE SEE THIS WAS
  • 24:28 A VERY JEWISH MESSIAH
  • 24:30 WHO CAME ACCORDING TO PROPHECY
  • 24:33 AND LAID DOWN HIS LIFE
  • 24:34 FOR YOU AND FOR ME.
  • 24:36 Katharine: TO HAVE ETERNAL LIFE
  • 24:37 SO THAT WE CAN KNOW HIM
  • 24:39 AND SHARE THAT LIFE THAT
  • 24:40 HE WANTS US TO HAVE WITH HIM.
  • 24:42 Myles: EXACTLY, AND FOR THE JEW
  • 24:44 AND ALSO TO THE GREEK,
  • 24:45 HE CAME FOR JEWS AND GENTILES,
  • 24:47 NO MAN TOOK HIS LIFE BUT HE CAME
  • 24:49 AND LAID IT DOWN SO THAT
  • 24:50 THE JEWS AND ALSO THE NATIONS
  • 24:52 COULD COME TO KNOW HIM,
  • 24:53 BRILLIANT, WONDERFUL SAVIOR.
  • 24:55 Katharine: MYLES, THIS RESOURCE
  • 24:56 THAT WE HAVE,
  • 24:57 "DISCOVERING YOUR JEWISH ROOTS,"
  • 24:58 REALLY HELPS US TO UNDERSTAND
  • 25:01 THE FOUNDATION OF OUR FAITH
  • 25:03 AS CHRISTIANS.
  • 25:05 IT REALLY HELPS US TO SEE
  • 25:07 THE FEASTS OF THE LORD.
  • 25:09 IT'S AN IN-DEPTH STUDY
  • 25:10 OF THE FEASTS OF THE LORD.
  • 25:12 AND YOU ALWAYS TEACH, MYLES,
  • 25:14 THAT THERE IS A PERSONAL
  • 25:16 MEANING, A PROPHETIC MEANING,
  • 25:17 AND A LITERAL MEANING.
  • 25:18 Myles: YOU'VE BEEN
  • 25:19 LISTENING TO ME.
  • 25:20 Katharine: I HAVE!
  • 25:21 Myles: THAT'S RIGHT,
  • 25:22 THERE'S A HISTORICAL MEANING,
  • 25:23 THERE'S A PERSONAL MEANING
  • 25:24 AND A PROPHETIC MEANING TO
  • 25:25 ALL THE TEACHINGS IN THE WORD
  • 25:26 AND ESPECIALLY
  • 25:27 AROUND THE FEASTS.
  • 25:28 THIS IS A REALLY GOOD
  • 25:29 INTERIM TEACHING.
  • 25:30 IF YOU ARE NOT READY FOR
  • 25:31 THE INSTITUTE AND YOU THINK THAT
  • 25:33 MAYBE THAT'S TOO INTENSE,
  • 25:34 THIS MAY BE A REALLY GOOD
  • 25:35 INTERMEDIARY STEP,
  • 25:37 BECAUSE ITS NINE-CDS, IT GOES
  • 25:39 THROUGH REALLY CONNECTING
  • 25:40 THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW
  • 25:42 THAT WILL HELP YOU IN YOUR WALK
  • 25:43 OF FAITH...IT REALLY DOES.
  • 25:45 Katharine: I ALSO WANT
  • 25:46 THE VIEWERS TO REMEMBER THAT
  • 25:48 WE'VE ALL SUFFERED A LITTLE BIT
  • 25:50 OF A SETBACK MAYBE FINANCIALLY
  • 25:51 DURING THIS TIME AND SO THAT'S
  • 25:53 WHY WE'RE BRINGING THIS EXTRA
  • 25:54 LITTLE ASKING OF YOU TO HELP US
  • 25:58 DURING THIS TIME BECAUSE
  • 26:00 WE NEED YOUR RESOURCES SO MUCH
  • 26:01 SO WE CAN TAKE YOU TO ISRAEL
  • 26:04 AND BRING YOU THESE MESSAGES
  • 26:05 FROM THE LAND.
  • 26:07 IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT
  • 26:09 THAT WE KEEP THIS MINISTRY GOING
  • 26:11 FOR THAT REASON.
  • 26:12 Myles: WE'VE BEEN IN MINISTRY
  • 26:13 FOR 30 YEARS AND I WAS
  • 26:14 REALLY IMPRESSED WHEN WE CAME
  • 26:15 TO ZOLA LEVITT MINISTRIES
  • 26:17 THAT THERE'S NOT
  • 26:18 A WASTED DOLLAR HERE.
  • 26:19 WE REALLY SEE THE MONEY
  • 26:20 BEING STRETCHED
  • 26:21 AND USED APPROPRIATELY.
  • 26:23 WE'VE SEEN, REALLY, RESOURCES
  • 26:25 USED THE WAY THEY'RE DEDICATED
  • 26:26 AND DESIGNATED AND ESPECIALLY
  • 26:29 DURING THIS TIME RIGHT NOW
  • 26:30 WITH WHAT'S HAPPENING
  • 26:31 IN THE MIDDLE EAST,
  • 26:32 WHAT'S HAPPENING IN ISRAEL,
  • 26:33 WE REALLY WANT TO STAND WITH
  • 26:34 ISRAEL AND THE JEWISH PEOPLE
  • 26:36 AND WE REALLY WANT TO BE ABLE
  • 26:37 TO BRING YOU THE MOST
  • 26:39 HIGH-QUALITY PROGRAMS
  • 26:41 THAT WE CAN, SO WE APPRECIATE
  • 26:43 YOUR HELP AT THIS TIME.
  • 26:45 AND UNTIL WE SEE YOU AGAIN,
  • 26:47 WE WANT TO REMIND YOU ALWAYS,
  • 26:49 SHA'ALU SHALOM YERUSHALAYIM
  • 26:51 Katharine: PRAY FOR THE PEACE
  • 26:52 OF JERUSALEM.
  • 26:55 HERE'S A LOOK AT
  • 26:56 WHAT IS COMING UP NEXT WEEK
  • 26:57 ON "THE STONES CRY OUT."
  • 27:00 ♪ ♪
  • 27:04 Dr. Danny Bahat: BEFOREHAND,
  • 27:05 WHEN THE WALL WAS CONSTRUCTED,
  • 27:07 IT REACHED ABOUT 35 METERS
  • 27:10 ABOVE STREET LEVEL.
  • 27:11 Zola: IT MEASURES 300 YARDS
  • 27:13 IN LENGTH BY 80 YARDS IN WIDTH
  • 27:15 AND WAS ONE OF THE LARGEST
  • 27:16 GATHERING PLACES
  • 27:18 FOR PUBLIC EVENTS,
  • 27:19 SUCH AS CHARIOT RACES
  • 27:20 AND ATHLETIC COMPETITIONS.
  • 27:22 Ronan Betan: THE BURN
  • 27:23 FROM THE SACRIFICES
  • 27:25 DURING THE TIMES OF THE TEMPLE
  • 27:27 Zola: THIS STONE INSCRIPTION
  • 27:28 ASSERTS THE HISTORIC VALIDITY
  • 27:30 OF THE JUDEAN PROCURATOR,
  • 27:32 PONTIUS PILOT.
  • 27:34 Avraham Biran: "BEIT JUDAH"...
  • 27:35 "BEIT"..."HOUSE"...
  • 27:37 "DAVID"...
  • 27:39 "HOUSE OF DAVID"
  • 27:40 >> AND WHEN THE ROMANS DECIDED
  • 27:42 TO DESTROY THE TEMPLE MOUNT
  • 27:43 THEY JUST DISLODGED THEM
  • 27:45 AND ROLLED THEM DOWN
  • 27:46 ONE AFTER THE OTHER.
  • 27:51 Male Singer: ♪ LORD GOD, CREATOR OF HEAVEN ♪
  • 27:59 ♪ LORD GOD, WE BRING FORTH YOUR PRAISES ♪
  • 28:07 ♪ THE EARTH STANDS A TRIBUTE TO GLORY ♪
  • 28:15 ♪ STONES TELL YOUR WONDERFUL STORY. ♪♪
  • 28:23 CAPTION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. www.captiontech.com
  • 28:25 Announcer: THIS HAS BEEN A PAID PROGRAM, BROUGHT TO YOU BY:

Episodes in this series

  1. The Tunnel
  2. A Tale of Two Temples
  3. Rulers in Stone
  4. The Jerusalem That Was
  5. Past and Future Destruction
  6. Archaeology and the Scriptures
  7. Cities of the Past
  8. Shadows from the Past
  9. A Tale of Three Cities
  10. The Rose Red City
  11. A Man Crucified
  12. Truth from the Stones

Guest organizations and links

Zola Levitt Presents
Levitt Letter
Tours
Podcasts