The Jewish roots of Christianity

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Bible teaching with an emphasis on Israel, prophecy and the Jewish roots of Christianity

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Series: “The Stones Cry Out (2012)”
In recent decades, many marvelous, new archaeological discoveries have greatly illuminated and validated the biblical record. In order to film the archaeological sites and interview the experts, Zola Levitt, Thomas McCall, and the production crew of Zola Levitt Presents journeyed to Israel and Jordan. We found that, just as our Lord said about this remarkable Land, indeed The Stones Cry Out. (Luke 19:40) Myles and Katharine Weiss host this encore presentation, examining the archaeological discoveries that shed light on the Bible.
Episode: “Cities of the Past”
Zippori was a thriving cultural center in Galilee that probably influenced Jesus as a boy growing up in Nazareth. Ekron was one of five prominent Old Testament cities of the Philistines.

Caption transcript for The Stones Cry Out (2012): “Cities of the Past” (7/12)

  • 00:13 (♪ "The Stones Cry Out" ♪)
  • 00:23 Male Singer: ♪ IF NO ONE STANDS TO SPEAK, ♪
  • 00:30 ♪ IF NO ONE PRAYS, ♪
  • 00:34 ♪ THESE VERY STONES CRY OUT ♪
  • 00:41 ♪ "I AM." ♪♪
  • 00:47 Myles: SHALOM AND WELCOME
  • 00:48 TO ZOLA LEVITT PRESENTS.
  • 00:49 I'M MYLES WEISS.
  • 00:50 Katharine: AND I'M
  • 00:51 KATHARINE WEISS.
  • 00:52 Myles: AND WE ARE THRILLED TODAY
  • 00:53 TO CONTINUE OUR SERIES
  • 00:54 "THE STONES CRY OUT."
  • 00:55 THIS IS AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL LOOK
  • 00:57 AT THE BIBLE.
  • 00:58 WE TOOK THAT TITLE FROM THE
  • 01:00 SCRIPTURE IN LUKE 19:40 WHERE
  • 01:02 JESUS IS COMING INTO JERUSALEM,
  • 01:04 THE DISCIPLES
  • 01:05 ARE YELLING, "HOSANNA!"
  • 01:06 AND THE PHARISEES SAY,
  • 01:07 "STOP THEM!"
  • 01:08 AND HE SAID,
  • 01:09 "YOU KNOW, IF THEY DIDN'T,
  • 01:10 THE VERY STONES WOULD CRY OUT."
  • 01:12 IT'S A SPIRITUAL PRINCIPLE
  • 01:13 FOR US ABOUT THE HONOR
  • 01:15 THAT WE HAVE IN WORSHIPPING
  • 01:16 THE KING OF KINGS.
  • 01:17 BUT TODAY, IN OUR DAY, THE VERY
  • 01:19 ROCKS IN ISRAEL ARE CRYING OUT.
  • 01:21 THEY'RE DISCOVERING, EVERY DAY,
  • 01:24 ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROOF
  • 01:26 THAT THE BIBLE IS REAL
  • 01:27 AND THAT THE JEWS HAVE BEEN
  • 01:28 IN THE LAND FOR A LONG TIME.
  • 01:30 ONE OF THE THINGS WE'RE GOING
  • 01:31 TO SEE IN THIS PROGRAM
  • 01:32 IS THE REALITY
  • 01:33 OF JESUS' BACKGROUND,
  • 01:35 THAT HE LIVED IN NAZARETH,
  • 01:37 NEAR SEPPHORIS,
  • 01:38 WHICH WAS A GREEK CITY
  • 01:39 NAMED AFTER ALEXANDER THE GREAT.
  • 01:41 AND IN THAT CULTURE,
  • 01:42 HE LEARNED SOME OF THE WORDS
  • 01:44 AND SOME OF THE PHRASES
  • 01:46 THAT HE LATER WOULD USE
  • 01:47 IN HIS PARABLES
  • 01:48 AND USE IN HIS TEACHINGS.
  • 01:49 SO IT'S A FASCINATING LOOK
  • 01:50 AT THE WAY THE HE WAS VERSED
  • 01:52 IN THE JEWISH MINDSET
  • 01:54 AND THE GREEK MINDSET.
  • 01:55 Katharine: WONDERFUL...
  • 01:56 IT'S SO RICH.
  • 01:57 IT'S SO EXCITING
  • 01:58 TO BRING YOU THESE STORIES
  • 01:59 AND THESE DOCUMENTARIES
  • 02:01 OF WHAT GOD IS DOING.
  • 02:03 WE'RE DOCUMENTING THAT GOD
  • 02:04 IS ALIVE TODAY, THROUGH HIS WORD
  • 02:06 AND THROUGH THE VERY SCRIPTURE,
  • 02:08 AND THE VERY STONES THAT ARE
  • 02:09 CRYING OUT; SO THANK YOU SO MUCH
  • 02:11 FOR YOUR CONTINUED SUPPORT
  • 02:12 OF THESE MESSAGES.
  • 02:14 AND WE LOVE TO BRING THEM TO YOU
  • 02:15 AND I KNOW
  • 02:16 YOU LOVE TO HEAR THEM.
  • 02:18 Myles: YEAH,
  • 02:19 IT'S A VERY RICH SERIES.
  • 02:20 WE'RE GLAD TO BE BRINGING IT
  • 02:21 TO YOU.
  • 02:22 SO NOW LET'S GO TO TOM McCALL
  • 02:23 WITH MITCH PILCER IN ISRAEL.
  • 02:28 Tom: SEPPHORIS,
  • 02:29 ZIPPORI IN HEBREW,
  • 02:30 IS LOCATED IN THE CENTER
  • 02:32 OF THE LOWER GALILEE, SOME
  • 02:33 4 MILES NORTHWEST OF NAZARETH.
  • 02:36 AS SEEN FROM NAZARETH,
  • 02:38 AN ANCIENT STRUCTURE ACTS AS
  • 02:40 A GRAVESTONE MARKING
  • 02:41 THE REMAINS
  • 02:42 OF THIS ONCE-GREAT CITY.
  • 02:46 A MAGNIFICENT METROPOLIS OF
  • 02:47 THE GRECO-ROMAN TRADITION,
  • 02:50 THIS PRESTIGIOUS GOVERNMENTAL
  • 02:51 CENTER WAS ALSO A HUB
  • 02:53 OF JEWISH RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY.
  • 02:55 IT HAD A THRIVING
  • 02:56 AGRICULTURAL TRADE,
  • 02:57 BOASTED EXQUISITE MOSAICS
  • 03:01 AND HAD AN IMPRESSIVE THEATRE.
  • 03:05 MITCH, CAN YOU DESCRIBE FOR US
  • 03:07 WHERE WE ARE RIGHT NOW?
  • 03:09 Mitch: WELL, WE'RE ABOUT
  • 03:10 A KILOMETER EAST OF THE SITE
  • 03:11 OF THE ANCIENT CITY OF ZIPPORI,
  • 03:13 WHICH WE CAN SEE
  • 03:14 ON THE FAR HILLSIDE THERE.
  • 03:16 AND OVER THERE
  • 03:17 AND INTO OVER THERE AND
  • 03:18 ABOUT 3 KILOMETERS TO THE EAST,
  • 03:19 YOU CAN SEE
  • 03:20 THE MODERN CITY OF NAZARETH
  • 03:22 RISING ON THE HILL.
  • 03:24 Tom: WELL, THAT WAS WHERE JESUS
  • 03:25 WAS RAISED, IN NAZARETH.
  • 03:27 WHAT ASSOCIATIONS WOULD HE HAVE
  • 03:28 HAD WITH ZIPPORI, OR I GUESS
  • 03:31 IT'S ALSO KNOWN AS SEPPHORIS?
  • 03:33 Mitch: WHEN JESUS WAS GROWING UP
  • 03:34 OVER THERE IN NAZARETH, IT WAS
  • 03:36 A REALLY SMALL TOWN, NO MORE
  • 03:38 THAN A FEW HUNDRED PEOPLE.
  • 03:39 BUT ZIPPORI, AT THAT TIME,
  • 03:41 WAS GOING THROUGH
  • 03:42 ITS GREATEST PERIOD OF BUILDING.
  • 03:45 IT BECAME EVENTUALLY A CITY
  • 03:46 OF TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE.
  • 03:49 JESUS, HIMSELF, WE CAN ONLY
  • 03:50 SPECULATE, BUT WHEN WE TALK
  • 03:52 ABOUT THE FATHER OF JESUS,
  • 03:53 JOSEPH, BEING A CARPENTER,
  • 03:55 "CARPENTER" IS POSSIBLY A SLIGHT
  • 03:57 MISTRANSLATION OF THE GREEK WORD
  • 04:00 "TEKNOS," OKAY?
  • 04:02 A TEKNOS CAN REALLY MEAN
  • 04:03 ANYTHING AND MOST LIKELY
  • 04:04 MEANT MAYBE "A BUILDING WORKER."
  • 04:06 Tom: HE WAS IN CONSTRUCTION WORK
  • 04:07 OF SOME KIND.
  • 04:08 Mitch: HE WAS IN CONSTRUCTION
  • 04:09 WORK AND IT'S VERY LIKELY THAT
  • 04:10 EVERY MORNING IF THERE WAS WORK
  • 04:11 IN CONSTRUCTION IN THE BIG CITY
  • 04:13 OF ZIPPORI, ALL THE MEN OF
  • 04:15 NAZARETH AND THEIR CHILDREN WHO
  • 04:17 WERE ABLE TO WORK, WOULD LOAD UP
  • 04:18 THEIR DONKEYS WITH THEIR TOOLS
  • 04:19 AND THEIR LUNCH,
  • 04:20 AND TAKE THE HOUR RIDE
  • 04:21 TO THE WEST AND REACH ZIPPORI,
  • 04:23 WHERE THEY WOULD WORK,
  • 04:24 IN ORDER TO BUILD
  • 04:26 THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CITY.
  • 04:27 Tom: THERE WAS A BUILDING BOOM
  • 04:28 GOING ON, AS IT WERE,
  • 04:29 UNDER HEROD ANTIPAS DURING MANY
  • 04:32 OF THE EARLY YEARS OF JESUS.
  • 04:34 NOW, IN FRONT OF US,
  • 04:36 WE HAVE THESE LARGE HOLES.
  • 04:38 DO THEY HAVE SOME SIGNIFICANCE?
  • 04:40 Mitch: THIS IS SOMETHING THAT,
  • 04:41 THERE IS NOTHING LIKE IT
  • 04:43 ANYWHERE ELSE IN ISRAEL.
  • 04:44 IT IS AN UNDERGROUND
  • 04:45 WATER RESERVOIR,
  • 04:46 OVER 250 METERS LONG,
  • 04:49 CAPABLE OF HOLDING OVER
  • 04:50 4,000 CUBIC METERS OF WATER.
  • 04:52 THE ANCIENT RESIDENTS OF
  • 04:53 ZIPPORI, THEY BUILT AQUEDUCTS
  • 04:55 TO CARRY WATER FROM SPRINGS
  • 04:57 NEAR NAZARETH WHERE IT FILLED UP
  • 04:59 THIS RESERVOIR HERE
  • 05:00 AND IT GUARANTEED THEM
  • 05:01 A PERMANENT SUPPLY OF WATER,
  • 05:03 WHICH WAS SOMETHING
  • 05:04 THAT WAS NECESSARY IN A
  • 05:05 SOPHISTICATED CITY LIKE ZIPPORI,
  • 05:06 WITH ITS BATH HOUSES,
  • 05:08 ITS PUBLIC FOUNTAINS
  • 05:09 AND ITS GREENERY.
  • 05:12 Zola: JOSEPHUS,
  • 05:13 THE ANCIENT JEWISH HISTORIAN,
  • 05:15 REFERRED TO SEPPHORIS
  • 05:17 AS THE ORNAMENT OF THE GALILEE.
  • 05:19 FEW PLACES IN ISRAEL
  • 05:20 CAN TRIUMPH SUCH MASTERY
  • 05:22 OF THE MOSAIC FLOOR.
  • 05:24 NUMEROUS MOSAICS
  • 05:25 DATING FROM THE TIME OF CHRIST
  • 05:26 HAVE BEEN UNEARTHED HERE.
  • 05:32 Zola: A GROUP OF ISRAELI
  • 05:33 CHILDREN APPLY THEIR SKILLS
  • 05:34 TO CREATING MINI MOSAICS.
  • 05:36 THE CHILDREN FIRST SKETCH OUT
  • 05:37 THEIR DESIGN IN THE MOIST
  • 05:38 PLASTER MIXTURE, THEN PLACE
  • 05:40 THE SMALL COLORFUL STONES
  • 05:42 INTO THE LAYOUT.
  • 05:48 WHILE THE ANCIENT MOSAICS
  • 05:50 REPRESENT THE GRECO-ROMAN
  • 05:51 INFLUENCE HERE,
  • 05:53 IT IS IN THE RUINS
  • 05:54 OF A CROWDED RESIDENTIAL AREA
  • 05:56 THAT THE STONES ATTEST
  • 05:57 TO A THRIVING JEWISH CULTURE.
  • 06:01 Mitch: WHAT WE'RE WALKING
  • 06:02 ON HERE NOW IS PROBABLY
  • 06:04 THE MOST ANCIENT STREET
  • 06:05 THAT'S BEEN DISCOVERED
  • 06:06 IN ZIPPORI TO THIS DAY.
  • 06:07 Tom: MITCH, DO YOU SUPPOSE THAT
  • 06:09 JOSEPH AND MARY AND JESUS MIGHT
  • 06:10 HAVE WALKED ON THIS VERY STREET
  • 06:12 IN ZIPPORI?
  • 06:13 Mitch: WELL, IF THEY
  • 06:14 VISITED SOME OF THE POORER
  • 06:15 RESIDENTIAL SECTIONS,
  • 06:16 I WOULD IMAGINE.
  • 06:17 AS YOU CAN SEE, THIS ISN'T
  • 06:18 EXACTLY A WIDE BOULEVARD
  • 06:19 OVER HERE.
  • 06:20 THE HOUSES ON ONE SIDE ARE VERY
  • 06:22 CLOSE QUARTERS FACING THE HOUSES
  • 06:24 ON THE OTHER SIDE.
  • 06:25 AND INSIDE OF THE ENTIRE
  • 06:26 EXCAVATIONS HERE, YOU CAN SEE
  • 06:28 THE REMAINS OF ALL THE STONES.
  • 06:31 Tom: YEAH, THERE ARE SO MANY
  • 06:32 STONES ALL AROUND HERE
  • 06:34 THAT HAVE BEEN UNCOVERED.
  • 06:35 WHAT ARE THESE, MITCH?
  • 06:36 Mitch: WELL, THEY'RE THE BOTTOM,
  • 06:37 THE VERY BOTTOM FOUNDATIONS
  • 06:39 OF THE HOUSES WHICH WERE
  • 06:40 MOST LIKELY TO HAVE BEEN
  • 06:41 MAYBE 2 OR 3 STORIES HIGH
  • 06:43 AND VERY CLOSE TO EACH OTHER.
  • 06:45 THERE ARE OVER 80 HOUSES
  • 06:46 JUST IN THIS SMALL SECTION
  • 06:47 THAT WE'VE DUG UP OVER HERE.
  • 06:50 Tom: THAT'S A PRETTY LARGE
  • 06:51 POPULATION THAT MIGHT HAVE LIVED
  • 06:52 IN AND AROUND THIS AREA HERE.
  • 06:53 Mitch: EACH HOUSE, EVEN THOUGH
  • 06:54 IT WASN'T VERY BIG,
  • 06:56 THEY PROBABLY HAD AT LEAST
  • 06:57 A DOZEN PEOPLE LIVING IN IT,
  • 06:58 INCLUDING ON THE SECOND STORIES,
  • 07:00 SLEEPING ON THE ROOFS.
  • 07:01 SO, IF YOU LOOK AT 80 HOUSES,
  • 07:03 YOU'RE SEEING OVER 1,000 PEOPLE
  • 07:04 WHO MIGHT HAVE LIVED RIGHT
  • 07:05 IN THIS SECTION HERE.
  • 07:07 Tom: LET'S TAKE A WALK OVER HERE
  • 07:08 AND SEE SOME OF THE DETAILS
  • 07:10 OF THESE HOUSES.
  • 07:15 Mitch: FOR INSTANCE,
  • 07:16 THE FIRST THING THAT
  • 07:17 WE PASS OVER HERE, AS WE ENTER
  • 07:18 INTO A COURTYARD SEPARATING
  • 07:19 SEVERAL OF THE HOUSES...
  • 07:21 OBVIOUSLY THIS IS A WELL.
  • 07:23 Tom: WHAT'S THE HISTORY
  • 07:24 OF THIS WELL?
  • 07:25 Mitch: WELL, THE HISTORY
  • 07:26 IS INTERESTING, AND JUST
  • 07:27 IN THE RESPECT THAT WHEN WE WERE
  • 07:29 EXCAVATING THIS, LAST SUMMER,
  • 07:32 WE'VE ACTUALLY MANAGED TO LOWER
  • 07:33 SOMEBODY DOWN TO THE BOTTOM
  • 07:34 OF IT, AND HE WAS DIGGING
  • 07:36 IN WHAT WAS THE MUD, WHERE
  • 07:37 MANY OF THE WOMEN WHO LIVED
  • 07:39 AROUND HERE PROBABLY DROPPED
  • 07:40 THEIR EARTHENWARE VESSELS
  • 07:42 OVER 2,000 YEARS AGO.
  • 07:44 AND THEY DROPPED INTO THE WATER
  • 07:45 AND THEY WEREN'T BROKEN.
  • 07:46 WHEN WE PULLED THEM OUT,
  • 07:47 THEY WERE COMPLETE.
  • 07:49 WE PULLED OUT OVER A DOZEN
  • 07:50 VESSELS, LIKE THIS,
  • 07:51 THAT LOOK MAYBE NO DIFFERENT
  • 07:52 THAN THE DAY THEY WERE
  • 07:53 DROPPED HERE, 2,000 YEARS AGO.
  • 07:55 Zola: SEPPHORIS
  • 07:56 WAS WELL KNOWN AS A CENTER
  • 07:57 OF JEWISH RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY.
  • 07:59 IN THE 2nd CENTURY,
  • 08:00 THE SANHEDRIN,
  • 08:01 THE HIGHEST JEWISH COURT,
  • 08:03 ADJUDICATED HERE.
  • 08:05 AND THE MISHNA, A COLLECTION
  • 08:06 OF JEWISH ORAL LAWS
  • 08:07 WAS CODIFIED HERE
  • 08:08 AROUND 200 A.D.
  • 08:11 THE ANCIENT COMMUNITY'S REMAINS
  • 08:12 REVEAL ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE
  • 08:14 OF THAT JEWISH HERITAGE.
  • 08:15 Mitch: WHAT LOOKS LIKE A BATHTUB
  • 08:17 IS, IN FACT, AN ANCIENT
  • 08:18 RITUAL JEWISH BATH...A MIKVAH.
  • 08:21 Tom: THAT WOULD INDICATE
  • 08:22 THAT THERE WERE JEWISH PEOPLE
  • 08:23 THAT LIVED HERE.
  • 08:24 Mitch: PRIESTS WHO WORKED
  • 08:25 IN THE TEMPLE IN JERUSALEM
  • 08:26 BUT LIVED HERE IN ZIPPORI.
  • 08:28 Tom: SO, THE PRIESTS
  • 08:29 DIDN'T JUST LIVE IN JERUSALEM,
  • 08:30 THEY LIVED IN OUTLYING CITIES,
  • 08:32 LIKE ZIPPORI, ALSO?
  • 08:33 Mitch: IT'S WRITTEN IN
  • 08:34 THE SOURCES, IN THE MISHNA, THAT
  • 08:35 ONE OF THE PRIESTLY FAMILIES,
  • 08:37 THE HODIAH FAMILY,
  • 08:39 THEY LIVED HERE IN ZIPPORI
  • 08:40 AND WHAT WE SEE HERE
  • 08:41 IS THE EVIDENCE.
  • 08:42 THERE'S ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE
  • 08:43 CONNECTING THEM,
  • 08:44 BECAUSE NOBODY ELSE WOULD HAVE
  • 08:45 A USE OF OVER 40 MIKVAHS IN
  • 08:48 THIS SMALL RESIDENTIAL QUARTER.
  • 08:49 OKAY?
  • 08:50 AND, IN FACT,
  • 08:51 YOU CAN SEE THERE'S A WALL
  • 08:52 SEPARATING THE TWO HOUSES.
  • 08:54 WE HAVE ONE MIKVAH HERE AND
  • 08:55 WE HAVE ONE MIKVAH RIGHT HERE,
  • 08:56 IN THE NEIGHBORING HOUSE.
  • 08:57 Tom: I THINK I'D LIKE
  • 08:58 TO STEP DOWN HERE AND SEE WHAT
  • 09:00 IT'S LIKE TO BE IN A MIKVAH.
  • 09:02 Mitch: WELL, IF YOU'D BE
  • 09:03 GOING DOWN INTO THIS MIKVAH
  • 09:04 A FEW THOUSAND YEARS AGO, YOU'D
  • 09:05 ALREADY BE MOSTLY UNDER WATER,
  • 09:06 BECAUSE THE LEVEL OF THE WATER
  • 09:08 WENT ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP.
  • 09:09 Tom: IT WOULD BE UP TO MY CHEST,
  • 09:10 JUST ABOUT?
  • 09:11 Mitch: UH-HUH AND THE PLASTER
  • 09:12 YOU ARE SEEING HERE IS
  • 09:13 THE ORIGINAL PLASTER THAT
  • 09:14 REMAINS FROM 2,000 YEARS AGO.
  • 09:15 Tom: AND THE PRIEST WOULD
  • 09:16 GO BELOW THE WATERS AND COME UP.
  • 09:18 Mitch: HE WOULD GO
  • 09:19 BELOW THE WATER.
  • 09:20 HE WOULD HAVE TO COMPLETELY
  • 09:21 IMMERSE HIMSELF THREE TIMES, AND
  • 09:22 THAT WAY HE WOULD BE PURE AGAIN
  • 09:23 IN ORDER TO CONDUCT SERVICES.
  • 09:26 Zola: TOM AND MITCH MOVE ON
  • 09:27 TO THE PINNACLE OF FINE ARTS
  • 09:28 IN SEPPHORIS...THE REMAINS OF
  • 09:30 ITS ONCE-MAGNIFICENT THEATRE.
  • 09:36 Mitch: WE'RE NOW FOLLOWING
  • 09:37 THE PATH OF THOUSANDS
  • 09:39 OF ANCIENT RESIDENTS OF ZIPPORI
  • 09:41 FOR OVER 250 YEARS, AS WE GO
  • 09:43 THROUGH THE MAIN ENTRANCE
  • 09:45 OF THE THEATRE OF ZIPPORI.
  • 09:46 Tom: MY THERE'S A MARVELOUS VIEW
  • 09:48 OF THE VALLEY DOWN BELOW.
  • 09:49 Mitch: WELL, UNFORTUNATELY,
  • 09:50 FOR THE ANCIENT RESIDENTS
  • 09:52 OF ZIPPORI, THE VIEW WAS BLOCKED
  • 09:53 FOR THEM BY THE WALL OF THE BACK
  • 09:56 OF THE THEATRE, THAT WE SEE
  • 09:57 IN FRONT OF US OVER HERE,
  • 09:59 AND THEY WERE ONLY ABLE
  • 10:00 TO SEE THE BACK OF THE STAGE.
  • 10:01 Tom: HOW MANY PEOPLE
  • 10:02 COULD SIT IN THE THEATRE?
  • 10:04 Mitch: THE CAPACITY CROWD HERE
  • 10:05 WAS ABOUT 4,500 PEOPLE,
  • 10:08 WHICH IS QUITE SOMETHING WHEN
  • 10:09 YOU CONSIDER THAT ZIPPORI ITSELF
  • 10:10 ONLY HAD ABOUT 30,000 RESIDENTS
  • 10:12 AT THE TIME THAT IT WAS BUILT.
  • 10:14 Tom: AND WOULD THEY JUST SIT
  • 10:15 WHERE WE CAN SEE THE STEPS,
  • 10:17 OR WAS IT LARGER THAN THAT?
  • 10:19 Mitch: WELL, THE STEPS
  • 10:20 YOU'RE ONLY LOOKING AT HERE
  • 10:21 ARE THE LOWER MEZZANINE.
  • 10:22 OKAY?
  • 10:23 IN FACT, RIGHT WHERE
  • 10:24 I'M STANDING HERE AND ABOVE ME,
  • 10:25 WOULD BE A WHOLE OTHER LEVEL
  • 10:26 OF THE THEATRE, INCLUDING
  • 10:28 STONE AND WOODEN SEATS.
  • 10:30 Tom: AND HOW OLD
  • 10:31 IS THIS THEATRE?
  • 10:32 WHEN WAS IT BUILT?
  • 10:33 Mitch: THERE'S A LOT
  • 10:34 OF SPECULATION THAT, IN FACT,
  • 10:35 THERE WAS A MUCH OLDER CULTURE
  • 10:37 OF THEATRE HERE IN ZIPPORI.
  • 10:40 Tom: EVEN AT THE TIME OF JESUS,
  • 10:42 WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN 60 OR SO
  • 10:44 YEARS BEFORE THE BUILDING HERE.
  • 10:47 Mitch: WE TRY TO WONDER WHY THEY
  • 10:48 WOULD BUILD SUCH A GRAND THEATRE
  • 10:50 IN A PLACE, UNLESS THERE WAS
  • 10:51 A BIG DEMAND FOR THE THEATRE.
  • 10:52 OKAY?
  • 10:53 IT MUST HAVE MEANT THAT
  • 10:54 THERE MUST HAVE BEEN SOME
  • 10:55 KIND OF SMALLER STRUCTURE THAT
  • 10:56 ACCOMMODATED THE THEATRE AND,
  • 10:58 IN FACT, EVEN FROM WHAT WE KNOW
  • 11:00 FROM JESUS HIMSELF,
  • 11:01 WE CAN ASSUME
  • 11:02 THERE WAS A THEATRE IN ZIPPORI.
  • 11:04 Tom: WHAT ARE SOME OF THE THINGS
  • 11:05 THAT THE GOSPELS BRING OUT
  • 11:06 THAT MIGHT SUGGEST
  • 11:07 THAT JESUS HAD BEEN EXPOSED
  • 11:08 TO THIS KIND OF CULTURE?
  • 11:10 Mitch: OKAY, FOR ONE, HE USES
  • 11:11 LOTS OF GREEK WORDS, OKAY;
  • 11:13 GREEK WORDS WHICH HE WOULD HAVE
  • 11:14 NO WAY TO PICK THEM UP
  • 11:16 IN A LITTLE TOWN OF NAZARETH.
  • 11:17 HE WOULD HAVE TO COME TO A CITY
  • 11:18 WHERE THERE WAS A SIZABLE
  • 11:20 GREEK POPULATION
  • 11:21 AND HE EVEN USES WORDS THAT
  • 11:23 ARE CONNECTED TO THE THEATRE,
  • 11:24 LIKE HYPOCRITE.
  • 11:25 HYPOCRITE WAS A TERM
  • 11:26 THAT MEANT ACTOR, MOSTLY,
  • 11:28 AND SOME OTHER MEANINGS.
  • 11:29 ALSO, WE CAN TAKE INTO ACCOUNT
  • 11:31 WHEN WE SEE EVEN LIKE
  • 11:32 HIS STAGING, THE WAY THAT HE
  • 11:33 SET UP THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT.
  • 11:35 OKAY?
  • 11:36 IT WAS DONE IN THE WHOLE STYLE
  • 11:37 OF THE THEATRE.
  • 11:39 Zola: MITCH'S REFERENCE
  • 11:40 TO STAGING INFERS THAT
  • 11:42 JUST AS AN ACTOR WOULD
  • 11:43 DELIVER HIS LINES
  • 11:44 FROM THIS STAGE TO THE AUDIENCE
  • 11:45 ABOVE, JESUS, TAKING A PAGE
  • 11:48 FROM THE SEPPHORIS THEATRE,
  • 11:49 MOST LIKELY DELIVERED
  • 11:51 HIS SERMON ON THE MOUNT
  • 11:52 FROM BELOW THE HILLSIDE
  • 11:54 AT THE MOUNT OF BEATITUDES.
  • 11:56 PREVIOUS PROGRAMS
  • 11:57 HAVE DEMONSTRATED HOW THE SOUND
  • 11:58 RESONATES EFFORTLESSLY
  • 12:00 UP THE HILLSIDE.
  • 12:02 ( Speaking Hebrew )
  • 12:06 >> BLESSED ARE THE MEEK FOR
  • 12:08 THEY SHALL INHERIT THE EARTH.
  • 12:10 ( Speaking Hebrew )
  • 12:16 >> BLESSED ARE THEY
  • 12:17 WHICH DO HUNGER
  • 12:18 AND THIRST AFTER RIGHTEOUSNESS
  • 12:20 FOR THEY SHALL BE FILLED.
  • 12:22 Zola: FROM THIS EXAMPLE,
  • 12:23 "THE SERMON BELOW THE MOUNT"
  • 12:25 MIGHT HAVE BEEN
  • 12:26 A MORE APPROPRIATE TITLE FOR
  • 12:27 CHRIST'S MAGNIFICENT TREATISE
  • 12:29 ON GODLY LIVING.
  • 12:33 Announcer: FOR INSIGHTFUL PERSPECTIVES ON ISRAEL AND BIBLE PROPHECY,
  • 12:38 ASK FOR OUR FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER,
  • 12:40 "THE LEVITT LETTER."
  • 12:42 AT LEVITT.COM, YOU CAN READ THE NEWSLETTER,
  • 12:45 WATCH THE TV PROGRAM, OR VISIT OUR ONLINE STORE.
  • 12:49 STAY CURRENT WITH US ON SOCIAL MEDIA
  • 12:51 VIA FACEBOOK AND TWITTER.
  • 12:53 COME WITH US ON A TOUR OF ISRAEL OR PETRA
  • 12:56 OR A CRUISE TO GREECE AND EPHESUS.
  • 12:59 PLEASE CONTACT US FOR MORE INFORMATION.
  • 13:05 ♪ ♪
  • 13:13 ♪ ♪
  • 13:39 Myles: WE WOULD LOVE TO HOST YOU
  • 13:40 IN ISRAEL, KATHARINE AND I.
  • 13:42 IT'S OUR PLEASURE
  • 13:43 TO BRING YOU TO ISRAEL.
  • 13:44 WE'VE BEEN THERE OVER 20 TIMES
  • 13:45 AND IT NEVER GETS OLD.
  • 13:46 TRACIE, OUR TRAVEL MANAGER,
  • 13:47 IS WITH US.
  • 13:48 TRACIE, WHAT'S GOING ON NOW
  • 13:49 WITH OUR TOURS?
  • 13:50 Tracie: IT'S GREAT TO SEE YOU,
  • 13:51 MYLES.
  • 13:52 ONE THING I LOVE TALKING ABOUT,
  • 13:53 I KNOW ESPECIALLY WITH YOU
  • 13:54 AND KATHARINE BEING PASTORS
  • 13:55 25 YEARS, IS WE HAVE
  • 13:57 A SPECIAL OFFER FOR GROUPS,
  • 13:58 OFTENTIMES PASTORS,
  • 14:00 AND I TAKE ADVANTAGE OF IT.
  • 14:01 BUT, PASTORS, IF YOU CAN GET
  • 14:02 10 PAYING PASSENGERS TO COME ON
  • 14:04 OUR TOUR, YOU COME TOTALLY FREE.
  • 14:07 A LOT OF TIMES WE WANT YOU TO
  • 14:08 GET 20 PAYING PASSENGERS SO THEN
  • 14:10 YOU CAN BRING YOUR SPOUSE.
  • 14:11 AND SO WHAT THAT DOES, MYLES,
  • 14:14 IS THEY CAN COME ON THE TOUR AND
  • 14:15 YOU KNOW HOW HARD PASTORS WORK.
  • 14:17 I'VE WORKED WITH PASTORS FOR
  • 14:18 MANY YEARS AT JOHN MAXWELL'S
  • 14:20 MINISTRY AND THEY JUST...
  • 14:21 TIRELESS...
  • 14:22 PASTORS, YOU WORK TIRELESSLY.
  • 14:23 COME ON OUR TOUR
  • 14:24 AND LET US DO THE WORK.
  • 14:26 FIRST OF ALL,
  • 14:27 LET US DO THE LOGISTICS.
  • 14:28 I WILL HANDLE EVERYTHING
  • 14:29 FOR YOUR GROUP.
  • 14:30 AND THEN, MYLES AND
  • 14:31 KATHARINE, THEY ARE GOING
  • 14:32 TO OPEN THE WORD DEVOTIONALLY.
  • 14:34 THEY CAN DO AS MUCH
  • 14:35 OR AS LITTLE AS THEY WANT.
  • 14:36 Myles: EXACTLY.
  • 14:37 Tracie: I KNOW WE HAVE TWO
  • 14:38 PASTORS ON OUR UPCOMING TOUR
  • 14:39 AND THEY'RE GOING TO BAPTIZE IN
  • 14:40 THE JORDAN RIVER BUT THAT'S IT.
  • 14:41 OTHERWISE, THEY'RE GOING TO
  • 14:42 LEAVE THE TEACHING
  • 14:43 TO OUR MESSIANIC JEWISH GUIDE.
  • 14:44 MOST TOURS DON'T HAVE THAT.
  • 14:46 WE ARE ALWAYS GUARANTEED
  • 14:47 A MESSIANIC JEWISH GUIDE
  • 14:48 ON OUR TOUR.
  • 14:49 YOU AND KATHARINE ARE THERE
  • 14:50 TO WORD DEVOTIONALLY AND IT'S
  • 14:52 JUST--IT'S A JOY, AND SO
  • 14:53 I WANT TO INVITE YOU TO DO THAT,
  • 14:54 PASTORS; GIVE ME A CALL.
  • 14:56 Myles: THANK YOU, TRACIE.
  • 14:57 IT'S REALLY--IT'S OUR PLEASURE
  • 14:58 TO WORK WITH PASTORS
  • 14:59 AS A TEAM EFFORT.
  • 15:00 AND, LIKE TRACIE SAYS,
  • 15:02 YOU CAN DO AS LITTLE OR AS MUCH
  • 15:04 AS YOU WANT TO ON OUR TOURS.
  • 15:05 WE'LL HANDLE THE HEAVY LIFTING,
  • 15:06 BUT WE'D LOVE TO HAVE YOU THERE
  • 15:07 TO OPEN THE WORD WHEN YOU
  • 15:08 WANT TO AND TO WORK WITH US
  • 15:10 IN CONCERT.
  • 15:12 ONE OF THE WAYS THAT OUR VIEWERS
  • 15:14 CAN REALLY GET UP TO SPEED ON
  • 15:16 THE JEWISH ROOTS OF THE FAITH
  • 15:17 IS WITH OUR INSTITUTE
  • 15:18 OF JEWISH-CHRISTIAN STUDIES.
  • 15:21 WHEN YOU'RE COMING TO THE LAND,
  • 15:22 WHEN YOU'RE WATCHING
  • 15:23 THESE PROGRAMS, YOU REALLY WANT
  • 15:24 TO GO DEEPER IN THE WORD.
  • 15:25 THIS IS A BIBLE COLLEGE LEVEL
  • 15:26 COURSE.
  • 15:27 IT'S TAUGHT BY DR. JEFF SEIF
  • 15:29 AND ZOLA LEVITT
  • 15:30 AND IT REALLY WILL BRING YOU
  • 15:31 INTO AN UNDERSTANDING
  • 15:32 OF THE WORD WITH
  • 15:33 THE HEBRAIC MINDSET
  • 15:35 THAT YOU MIGHT NOT HAVE
  • 15:36 BEEN TAUGHT IN SEMINARY,
  • 15:37 YOU MIGHT NOT HAVE BEEN TAUGHT
  • 15:38 IN YOUR CHURCH.
  • 15:39 THIS WILL DEEPEN YOUR ROOTS,
  • 15:40 I GUARANTEE IT.
  • 15:41 YOU CAN SEE
  • 15:42 ON THE COVER OF THIS,
  • 15:43 IT SAYS "OHR EMET," THE LIGHT
  • 15:45 AND TRUTH OF THE WORD, IN HEBREW
  • 15:46 AND IT REALLY WILL DO THAT
  • 15:47 FOR YOU.
  • 15:49 IN FACT, LET'S HEAR A TESTIMONY
  • 15:50 FROM SOME OF OUR STUDENTS
  • 15:51 THAT HAVE TAKEN THIS COURSE...
  • 15:52 RIGHT NOW.
  • 15:54 I STRONGLY ENCOURAGE ANYONE
  • 15:56 WHO TAKES THEIR RELATIONSHIP
  • 15:58 WITH THE LORD SERIOUS...
  • 16:00 YOU KNOW, WHEN HE TALKS
  • 16:01 ABOUT YOU BEING LEAST
  • 16:02 IN THE KINGDOM
  • 16:03 OR GREAT IN THE KINGDOM,
  • 16:04 STUDY TO SHOW YOURSELF
  • 16:05 APPROVED...
  • 16:06 GET THE COURSE...
  • 16:08 DO ALL 12 LESSONS
  • 16:10 AND TAKE IT SERIOUSLY.
  • 16:12 LIKE, YOU KNOW, YOU WENT
  • 16:13 TO COLLEGE TO GET YOUR DEGREE.
  • 16:15 THIS IS NO DIFFERENT.
  • 16:16 AND THIS IS A BETTER DEGREE.
  • 16:19 ONE THAT'S NOT ON PAPER,
  • 16:20 ONE THAT'S WRITTEN ON
  • 16:21 THE TABLETS OF YOUR HEART.
  • 16:23 WELL I MEAN IF YOU'RE GOING TO
  • 16:24 UNDERSTAND THE WHOLE MESSAGE
  • 16:27 OF THE NEW TESTAMENT,
  • 16:28 AS WELL AS THE OLD TESTAMENT,
  • 16:29 YOU'VE GOT TO CONNECT IT
  • 16:32 WITH ITS ORIGINAL CONTEXT,
  • 16:35 WHERE IT CAME FROM,
  • 16:36 AND THE INSTITUTE
  • 16:37 SHOWS YOU THAT
  • 16:38 IN A VERY DETAILED WAY
  • 16:41 THAT CAN BE BENEFICIAL
  • 16:42 TO BOTH BEGINNER
  • 16:44 AND ONE WHO'S SEASONED
  • 16:45 IN THEOLOGY.
  • 16:47 YOU JUST REALLY LEARN THE BIBLE
  • 16:49 AND CHRISTIANITY
  • 16:50 AND WHERE WE CAME FROM
  • 16:51 IN HEBREW ROOTS.
  • 16:52 AND SO IT'S TAUGHT
  • 16:53 FROM A MESSIANIC PERSPECTIVE.
  • 16:54 YOU'RE GOING TO GET
  • 16:55 A LOT OF HEBREW.
  • 16:56 YOU'RE GOING TO GET A LOT
  • 16:57 OF JEWISH TERMS AND IT'S ALL
  • 16:58 GOING TO BE REALLY GREAT.
  • 16:59 MOST OF THE CHURCHES
  • 17:00 I'VE BEEN TO
  • 17:01 HAVE DONE A FAIRLY GOOD JOB,
  • 17:04 I THINK, IN EXPLAINING
  • 17:06 THE NEW TESTAMENT TO ME.
  • 17:07 THEY--EVERYONE'S VERY CONCERNED
  • 17:09 ABOUT THE NEW TESTAMENT
  • 17:11 AND I CAN UNDERSTAND WHY.
  • 17:13 IT'S THE NEW TESTAMENT
  • 17:14 THAT GOT ME SAVED.
  • 17:15 BUT THE OLD TESTAMENT...
  • 17:17 ZOLA USED TO SAY--
  • 17:19 I REMEMBER WATCHING HIM
  • 17:20 WHEN HE WAS ALIVE--
  • 17:21 HE USED TO SAY...
  • 17:22 "THE OLD TESTAMENT IS THE GARDEN
  • 17:25 AND THE NEW TESTAMENT
  • 17:26 IS THE FLOWERS."
  • 17:28 SO YOU HAVE TO DIG IN THE GARDEN
  • 17:29 TO UNDERSTAND WHY THE FLOWERS
  • 17:30 CAME FORTH.
  • 17:34 Myles: THOSE TESTIMONIES
  • 17:35 ARE SO ENCOURAGING.
  • 17:36 I THINK YOU CAN REALLY SENSE
  • 17:38 THAT TO LEARN THE OLD TESTAMENT
  • 17:40 AND THE NEW TESTAMENT TOGETHER
  • 17:41 IS UNLIKE ANY OTHER
  • 17:42 INDIVIDUAL TEACHING
  • 17:43 YOU'LL GET IN A LOCAL CHURCH.
  • 17:45 YOU KNOW, WHEN YOU SIGN UP
  • 17:46 FOR THE INSTITUTE
  • 17:47 OF JEWISH-CHRISTIAN STUDIES
  • 17:49 YOU CAN TAKE ONE CD OR THREE.
  • 17:51 YOU CAN TAKE ALL 12 COURSES.
  • 17:52 YOU CAN DO IT AT ANY PACE
  • 17:54 THAT WORKS FOR YOU
  • 17:55 AND YOU REALLY COME THROUGH IT
  • 17:56 WITH THE SENSE OF UNDERSTANDING
  • 17:58 THE ENTIRE BIBLE
  • 17:59 AND REALLY KNOWING
  • 18:00 THE CONNECTION
  • 18:01 BETWEEN THE OLD TESTAMENT
  • 18:02 AND THE NEW IN A WAY
  • 18:03 THAT YOU NEVER HAVE BEFORE.
  • 18:04 IT'S VERY ENCOURAGING
  • 18:05 AND VERY STRONG TEACHING.
  • 18:08 YOU KNOW, I WANT TO ENCOURAGE
  • 18:09 YOU, ALSO, DURING THIS SEASON,
  • 18:11 TO HELP US TO CONTINUE
  • 18:12 TO BRING YOU THESE RESOURCES,
  • 18:14 TO BRING YOU THESE PROGRAMS,
  • 18:15 THIS HIGH-QUALITY
  • 18:16 ON-LOCATION TEACHING,
  • 18:18 THE DRAMAS FROM ISRAEL;
  • 18:19 ALL OF THE THINGS
  • 18:20 THAT WE TRY TO BRING YOU...
  • 18:21 THE UP-TO-THE-MINUTE NEWS.
  • 18:22 WE REALLY NEED YOUR PARTNERSHIP
  • 18:23 DURING THIS SEASON.
  • 18:24 WE NEED YOUR HELP.
  • 18:25 SO PLEASE CONTINUE
  • 18:26 TO SUPPORT US.
  • 18:27 WE WANT TO NOT ONLY
  • 18:28 CONTINUE WHAT WE'RE DOING,
  • 18:29 WE WANT TO INCREASE
  • 18:30 WHAT WE'RE DOING
  • 18:31 IN THE DAYS AHEAD.
  • 18:33 AND NOW, LET'S GO TO TOM McCALL
  • 18:34 WITH AN EXPERT
  • 18:35 ON THE PHILISTINES.
  • 18:39 Prof. Seymour Gitin: IT'S
  • 18:40 A FASCINATING STORY,
  • 18:41 BECAUSE AS WE EXCAVATE
  • 18:42 LAYER BY LAYER BY LAYER,
  • 18:44 WE SEE, AFTER 100 OR 200 YEARS,
  • 18:47 LESS OF THE ETHNIC MARKERS
  • 18:50 THAT WOULD INDICATE
  • 18:51 AN AEGEAN ORIGIN.
  • 18:52 SO, BY THE YEAR,
  • 18:53 LET'S SAY 1,000 BCE,
  • 18:56 WHEN WE KNOW
  • 18:57 FROM THE BIBLICAL STORY
  • 18:58 AND FROM OTHER SOURCES,
  • 18:59 THERE WAS A GREAT BUILD-UP
  • 19:01 OF POWER INLAND.
  • 19:03 WE CALL THAT
  • 19:04 THE UNITED MONARCHY.
  • 19:05 WE TALK ABOUT THE PERIOD OF SAUL
  • 19:08 AND DAVID AND SOLOMON.
  • 19:10 THE PHILISTINES LOST
  • 19:11 THEIR GEOPOLITICAL
  • 19:13 AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE
  • 19:14 AND WE SEE THAT RECORDED
  • 19:16 IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD.
  • 19:18 FOR INSTANCE, AT EKRON,
  • 19:19 THIS HUGE SITE,
  • 19:20 ONE OF THE LARGEST SITES
  • 19:22 IN THE BIBLICAL PERIOD,
  • 19:24 SOMEWHERE ABOUT 1,000 BCE,
  • 19:26 MUCH OF THE CITY IS DESTROYED
  • 19:28 AND WHAT POPULATION IS LEFT
  • 19:30 RECEDES TO A SMALL 10-ACRE AREA.
  • 19:33 THE CITY HAD BEEN AT LEAST
  • 19:34 50 ACRES IN SIZE BEFORE THAT.
  • 19:36 AND FOR ABOUT 250 YEARS,
  • 19:39 THE CITY REMAINED QUITE SMALL
  • 19:41 AND UNIMPORTANT.
  • 19:43 Zola: THE BOOK OF JUDGES
  • 19:44 STATES;
  • 19:56 ADDITIONALLY,
  • 19:57 I SAMUEL DECLARES;
  • 20:07 ALTHOUGH UNCERTAIN AS TO
  • 20:08 WHICH PASSAGE DESCRIBES
  • 20:09 THE DESTRUCTION SEEN
  • 20:10 IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL FINDS
  • 20:12 OF EKRON,
  • 20:13 THE BIBLE PLAINLY ACCOUNTS FOR
  • 20:14 THE INTERMITTENT ISRAELITE
  • 20:16 DOMINION OVER THE PHILISTINES.
  • 20:19 THE BIBLE ALSO MENTIONS
  • 20:20 A SUBSEQUENT INVASION OF JUDAH
  • 20:22 AND ISRAEL BY A FORCE
  • 20:23 FROM THE EAST.
  • 20:25 THE BOOK OF II KINGS ASSERTS;
  • 20:33 THIS OCCURRED
  • 20:34 IN THE 8th CENTURY BC.
  • 20:36 SURPRISINGLY, ARCHAEOLOGY SHOWS
  • 20:38 THE DOMINATION OF JUDAH
  • 20:40 WAS EKRON'S DELIGHT.
  • 20:43 Seymour: AND THE PHILISTINE
  • 20:44 STATES, WHICH WERE
  • 20:45 SO PRODUCTIVE, THEY GAVE
  • 20:46 A CERTAIN LEEWAY.
  • 20:48 THEY GAVE THEM A CERTAIN
  • 20:49 SENSE OF INDEPENDENCE
  • 20:50 AND THEY MADE THEM
  • 20:51 VASSAL STATES, WHICH MEANS
  • 20:52 THEY MORE OR LESS CONTROLLED
  • 20:54 THEIR OWN TERRITORY.
  • 20:57 NOW, EKRON THEY CHOSE
  • 20:58 AS THE CENTER FOR
  • 21:00 THE LARGEST OLIVE OIL
  • 21:01 PRODUCTION ANYWHERE INDICATED
  • 21:04 OR FOUND TO DATE
  • 21:05 IN THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST.
  • 21:06 Tom: OLIVE OIL PRODUCTION.
  • 21:07 Seymour: THAT'S RIGHT...
  • 21:08 IN THE 7th CENTURY CITY.
  • 21:10 THIS WAS A CITY THAT WAS
  • 21:12 SUDDENLY BUILT UP
  • 21:14 IN THE ASSYRIAN PERIOD
  • 21:15 AND EKRON WENT FROM A SMALL,
  • 21:18 UNIMPORTANT CITY
  • 21:19 IN THIS MEDIAN PERIOD
  • 21:21 THAT I TALKED ABOUT BEFORE,
  • 21:22 SUDDENLY EXPANDED
  • 21:23 TO ABOUT 85 ACRES.
  • 21:25 WE HAVE THUS FAR, IN EXCAVATING
  • 21:28 ABOUT ONLY 4% OF THE SITE
  • 21:30 AND OF COURSE SURVEYING
  • 21:31 ALL OF THE TOP REMAINS,
  • 21:33 FOUND 115 OLIVE OIL
  • 21:36 INSTALLATIONS.
  • 21:38 Zola: IT IS BELIEVED
  • 21:39 THE PHILISTINES PRODUCED
  • 21:40 SOME 290,000 GALLONS
  • 21:42 OF OLIVE OIL A YEAR,
  • 21:43 MOSTLY FOR EXPORT.
  • 21:45 HOWEVER, LIKE THE OIL BEING
  • 21:47 PRESSED FROM THE OLIVES,
  • 21:48 THE PHILISTINE CULTURAL LIFE
  • 21:50 WAS BEING SQUEEZED OUT
  • 21:52 AS THE AEGEAN IMMIGRANTS
  • 21:53 ASSIMILATED THE TRADITIONS
  • 21:54 OF THOSE AROUND THEM.
  • 21:56 SEYMOUR AND HIS TEAM UNCOVERED
  • 21:58 ARTIFACTS WHICH COMMUNICATE
  • 21:59 THIS INFLUENCE.
  • 22:01 THIS FOUR-HORNED INCENSE ALTAR
  • 22:03 WAS ONE OF THEM.
  • 22:04 Seymour: NOW, I'M SURE
  • 22:05 YOU WANT TO KNOW WHAT
  • 22:07 A FOUR-HORNED INCENSE ALTAR,
  • 22:09 WHICH IS TYPICAL OF ANCIENT
  • 22:10 ISRAELITE RELIGION THAT WE KNOW
  • 22:12 ABOUT FROM THE BIBLE
  • 22:13 AND WE KNOW ABOUT FROM
  • 22:15 ARCHAEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS
  • 22:16 AT ISRAELITE SITES,
  • 22:17 WHAT THIS IS DOING AT EKRON.
  • 22:20 IT'S NOT FOUND AT ANY OTHER
  • 22:21 PHILISTINE CITY IN THE PERIOD.
  • 22:24 OUR THEORY IS THAT
  • 22:25 THE PHILISTINES SURVIVED
  • 22:26 SO LONG,
  • 22:27 FROM ABOUT 1200 TO 600 BCE,
  • 22:30 THAT'S ABOUT 600 YEARS,
  • 22:32 BECAUSE THEY WERE VERY FLEXIBLE.
  • 22:34 WHENEVER A NATION CONFRONTED
  • 22:36 THEM OR CONQUERED THEM,
  • 22:37 THEY ADAPTED SOMETHING
  • 22:39 OF THAT CULTURE
  • 22:40 AND THEY WERE FLEXIBLE ENOUGH
  • 22:41 TO SURVIVE.
  • 22:43 BY THE TIME WE COME TO
  • 22:45 THE GREAT GROWTH PERIOD,
  • 22:46 THE ZENITH OF EKRON
  • 22:48 IN THE 7th CENTURY,
  • 22:49 IT'S VERY HARD TO FIND
  • 22:51 ANYTHING LEFT OVER
  • 22:53 FROM THEIR ANCESTORS
  • 22:55 THAT HAVE AN AEGEAN MOTIF,
  • 22:58 OR AN AEGEAN THEME ABOUT THEM.
  • 23:00 Zola: EGYPTIAN CULTURE WAS ALSO
  • 23:02 REPRESENTED IN EKRON'S RUINS.
  • 23:04 THIS MAGNIFICENT GOLDEN COBRA,
  • 23:06 CALLED A "URAEUS",
  • 23:09 ONCE ADORNED THE CROWN
  • 23:10 OF AN EGYPTIAN PHARAOH.
  • 23:11 ALSO UNEARTHED WAS WHAT
  • 23:13 SEYMOUR BELIEVED TO BE
  • 23:14 THEIR MOST IMPORTANT FIND,
  • 23:16 A STONE INSCRIPTION
  • 23:17 FROM EKRON'S TEMPLE COMPLEX.
  • 23:19 Seymour: AND WHAT IT SAYS,
  • 23:20 VERY BRIEFLY, IS THAT THIS IS
  • 23:23 A "BET", A HOUSE OR A TEMPLE,
  • 23:25 PERHAPS A SHRINE, BUILT,
  • 23:28 "BINAH", BY ACHISH
  • 23:30 WHOM WE IDENTIFY WITH IKAUSU
  • 23:32 OF THE NEO-ASSYRIAN TEXT
  • 23:34 WHO WAS THE SON OF PADI,
  • 23:37 WHO IS THE SON OF SO AND SO,
  • 23:38 AND SO AND SO, AND SO AND SO,
  • 23:40 ALL OF THESE WONDERFUL NAMES,
  • 23:42 AND THEN WE COME ACROSS
  • 23:43 THE WORD "SAR" WHICH IS THE WORD
  • 23:47 FOR KING, OR RULER OF EKRON.
  • 23:53 THIS TEMPLE WAS BUILT
  • 23:54 TO A GODDESS, HIS GODDESS,
  • 23:57 THE GODDESS OF ACHISH OR IKAUSU
  • 24:00 AND MAY THERE BE BLESSING
  • 24:01 AND LONG LIFE, ETC.
  • 24:03 NOW, WHY IS THIS INSCRIPTION
  • 24:04 SO IMPORTANT?
  • 24:06 ACTUALLY, IT'S THE FIRST TIME
  • 24:08 AN INSCRIPTION HAS BEEN FOUND
  • 24:10 IN PLACE "IN SITU,"
  • 24:12 ON AN EXCAVATION,
  • 24:13 IN WHICH THE DATE
  • 24:15 IS NOT IN QUESTION.
  • 24:16 THIS WAS FOUND IN
  • 24:17 THE NEO-BABYLONIAN DESTRUCTION
  • 24:19 OF 603 BCE.
  • 24:21 THE DESTRUCTION CAUSED
  • 24:22 BY THE KING NEBUCHADNEZZAR.
  • 24:24 SO, WE HAVE AN INSCRIPTION
  • 24:25 WHICH IS LIKE A SIGN POST.
  • 24:27 IT SAYS AFTER 13 YEARS
  • 24:28 OF EXCAVATION, ABSOLUTELY,
  • 24:31 YOU WERE EXCAVATING EKRON.
  • 24:33 Tom: SEYMOUR, WHAT HAPPENED
  • 24:34 TO THE PHILISTINES
  • 24:35 THAT HAD THIS CIVILIZATION?
  • 24:37 Seymour: IN THE 7th CENTURY
  • 24:38 WHEN THEY HAD THIS HUGE
  • 24:39 INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX,
  • 24:41 THIS GREAT CITY,
  • 24:42 WHEN THEY REACHED THE ZENITH
  • 24:43 OF ITS GROWTH,
  • 24:45 ALL OF THESE FACTORS
  • 24:46 OF OTHER COUNTRIES IMPACTED
  • 24:48 SO HEAVILY THAT BY THE TIME
  • 24:49 THE BABYLONIANS DESTROYED
  • 24:51 THE CITY AND PHYSICALLY
  • 24:52 REMOVED THE INHABITANTS
  • 24:55 AND TOOK THEM EASTWARD
  • 24:57 INTO BABYLON,
  • 24:58 THAT THEY NO LONGER
  • 24:59 HAD ANY CORE CULTURE LEFT
  • 25:01 TO MAINTAIN THEMSELVES IN EXILE.
  • 25:04 Tom: SO, THEY MORE OR LESS,
  • 25:05 DISAPPEARED FROM THE FACE
  • 25:07 OF HISTORY.
  • 25:08 Seymour: WELL, WE DON'T HAVE
  • 25:09 ANY EVIDENCE, ARCHAEOLOGICALLY
  • 25:10 OR IN TERMS OF TEXT,
  • 25:11 THAT IS SIGNIFICANT
  • 25:12 THAT WOULD INDICATE
  • 25:13 THAT THEY REALLY CONTINUE.
  • 25:15 IT'S, MORE OR LESS, A PEOPLE
  • 25:16 THAT DISAPPEARED LIKE
  • 25:17 PERHAPS THE ANCIENT AMMONITES,
  • 25:20 OR THE MOABITES,
  • 25:21 OR THE EDOMITES,
  • 25:23 LOST IN THE PAGES OF HISTORY.
  • 25:34 (♪ Flute ♪)
  • 25:56 Myles: I HOPE YOU'RE CATCHING
  • 25:57 WHAT WE JUST SAW.
  • 25:58 I MEAN, THAT IS SO INCREDIBLE
  • 26:00 TO REALIZE THAT ALL THIS NOISE
  • 26:01 THAT'S BEING MADE
  • 26:02 ABOUT THE PHILISTINES
  • 26:03 AND THE ARABIC PEOPLE
  • 26:05 BEING DESCENDED
  • 26:06 FROM THE PHILISTINES,
  • 26:07 IT'S JUST MADE UP.
  • 26:08 THE REALITY IS THAT
  • 26:09 THE PHILISTINES
  • 26:10 WERE FROM GREECE.
  • 26:11 THEY WERE AN AEGEAN PEOPLE
  • 26:12 THAT CAME HERE
  • 26:13 AND THAT WERE WIPED OUT,
  • 26:14 AND THERE'S NEVER REALLY
  • 26:15 BEEN A CONNECTION
  • 26:16 IN THE WAY THAT IT'S
  • 26:17 BEING SAID POLITICALLY TODAY.
  • 26:19 Katharine: ARAFAT USED
  • 26:20 HIS OWN PEOPLE AS A PAWN.
  • 26:21 Myles: IT'S REALLY SAD
  • 26:22 BUT IT'S TRUE THAT THERE'S
  • 26:24 BEEN THIS MISINFORMATION.
  • 26:25 WE REALLY NEED TO KNOW
  • 26:26 THE TRUTH.
  • 26:27 WE REALLY NEED TO HEAR
  • 26:28 THESE KINDS OF MESSAGES.
  • 26:29 THAT'S WHY IT'S SO VALUABLE
  • 26:30 THAT YOU'RE HELPING US
  • 26:31 TO BRING THESE PROGRAMS,
  • 26:33 ESPECIALLY IN THE DAY
  • 26:34 IN WHICH WE ARE LIVING.
  • 26:35 THERE'S SUCH DISINFORMATION
  • 26:36 AND SUCH DEMONIZATION OF ISRAEL
  • 26:38 AND THE JEWISH PEOPLE.
  • 26:39 WE NEED REALITY
  • 26:41 TO COME THROUGH THE MEDIA,
  • 26:42 AND WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY
  • 26:44 TO DO THIS WITH YOUR SUPPORT.
  • 26:46 Katharine: AND, ALSO,
  • 26:47 BY THIS RESOURCE THAT
  • 26:49 WE OFFER YOU...
  • 26:50 IT IS A BIBLE COURSE
  • 26:52 AND IT IS "THE INSTITUTE
  • 26:54 OF JEWISH-CHRISTIAN STUDIES'
  • 26:57 AND IT IS AN IN-DEPTH STUDY
  • 26:58 AND WHERE YOU CAN GET STARTED.
  • 27:00 ZOLA AND JEFF BOTH TEACH ON THIS
  • 27:01 AND I'VE LEARNED A LOT
  • 27:03 FROM DIGGING INTO IT MYSELF
  • 27:04 AND I KNOW YOU WILL TOO.
  • 27:05 MYLES, YOU SAID A LOT;
  • 27:07 THAT ISRAEL IS GOD'S TIMEPIECE.
  • 27:10 AND IT WILL HELP US
  • 27:11 TO UNDERSTAND THE SEASONS
  • 27:12 THAT WE'RE IN.
  • 27:13 AND IT WILL HELP US ALSO
  • 27:14 TO UNDERSTAND WHAT GOD SAYS
  • 27:17 ABOUT THE END-TIMES
  • 27:18 AND HOW WE'RE CONNECTED WITH IT.
  • 27:19 Myles: IT REALLY IS.
  • 27:20 AND THIS IS SUCH
  • 27:21 AN IN-DEPTH COURSE.
  • 27:22 YOU CAN GET THIS A LITTLE BIT
  • 27:23 AT A TIME OR
  • 27:24 DO THE WHOLE COURSE.
  • 27:25 YOU KNOW, I GRADUATED
  • 27:26 FROM BIBLE COLLEGE
  • 27:27 AND I HAVE A GRADUATE DEGREE
  • 27:28 AND IT STILL IS
  • 27:29 IMPRESSIVE TO ME.
  • 27:31 THIS IS AN OLD TESTAMENT SURVEY,
  • 27:32 NEW TESTAMENT SURVEY,
  • 27:33 AND REALLY IS A DEEP STUDY
  • 27:35 IN THE JEWISH ROOTS
  • 27:37 OF YOUR FAITH
  • 27:38 AND WE NEED THAT IN THESE DAYS
  • 27:39 IN WHICH WE'RE LIVING.
  • 27:41 AND SO...UNTIL WE SEE YOU AGAIN
  • 27:43 WE ALWAYS WANT TO REMIND YOU,
  • 27:45 SHAL'ALU SHALOM YERUSHALAYIM.
  • 27:47 Katharine: PRAY FOR THE PEACE
  • 27:48 OF JERUSALEM.
  • 27:52 ♪ LORD GOD, CREATOR OF HEAVEN, ♪
  • 27:59 ♪ LORD GOD, WE BRING FORTH YOUR PRAISES ♪
  • 28:08 ♪ THE EARTH STANDS A TRIBUTE TO GLORY ♪
  • 28:16 ♪ STONES TELL YOUR WONDERFUL STORY. ♪♪
  • 28:24 CAPTION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. www.captiontech.com
  • 28:26 Announcer: THIS HAS BEEN A PAID PROGRAM, BROUGHT TO YOU BY:

Episodes in this series

  1. The Tunnel
  2. A Tale of Two Temples
  3. Rulers in Stone
  4. The Jerusalem That Was
  5. Past and Future Destruction
  6. Archaeology and the Scriptures
  7. Cities of the Past
  8. Shadows from the Past
  9. A Tale of Three Cities
  10. The Rose Red City
  11. A Man Crucified
  12. Truth from the Stones

Related Episodes

Zola Levitt Presents
Levitt Letter
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Podcasts